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The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Practices in the Recovery of Burnout (Muupu)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01920230
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2015 by University of Jyvaskyla.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Finnish Social Insurance Institution
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Jyvaskyla

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of intervention based on mindfulness and acceptance-commitment therapy (ACT) in the recovery from job burnout. The 8-week intervention is delivered using jointly face-to-face group meetings and web-based program. The study hypothesizes that the Muupu-program is more effective than the normal practices when promoting work well-being in Finland. The participants are recruited from Finland.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Burnout, Professional Stress Behavioral: Mindfulness-ACT-intervention Behavioral: No intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Mindfulness-ACT-based interventions aren't widely used in Finnish work health care a the moment. This study examines the possibility of using this kind of intervention for reducing job burnout and stress and also promoting well-being at work. Muupu-program is standardized and can be administered in varying settings. If intervention is effective, it can have an impact on Finnish practices when treating job burnout and work-related stress.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Practices in the Recovery of Burnout
Study Start Date : March 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mindfulness-ACT-intervention
Group meetings face-to-face and web-based program using principles of mindfulness and ACT.
Behavioral: Mindfulness-ACT-intervention
Half of the participants (n=109) is assigned to intervention group. The intervention is based on Mindfulness-program presented by Williams & Penman (2011) and on principles of acceptance-commitment therapy (ACT). It aims to increase mindfulness skills and psychological flexibility through different exercises that are developed for improving skills of being present, dealing with thoughts and feelings as well as support clarifying individual values and value-based actions. The basic principles are presented in weekly small group meetings. Participants are guided to deepen their experiences through exercises and information that is provided via specific web-site.

Experimental: Control
Control group, no intervention.
Behavioral: No intervention
Half of the participants (n=109) don't get any special treatment. However the present study explores what kind of support they have had during the program.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bergen Burnout Indicator (BBI) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline burnout at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  2. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline stress at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline mindfulness at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  2. Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline psychological flexibility at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  3. Automatic Thought Questionnaire (ATQ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline automatic thoughts at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline work engagement at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  2. Working conditions questionnaires used in Finlad [ Time Frame: Change from baseline working conditions at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  3. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire (DASS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline depression, anxiety and sress at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  4. Psychological Well-being (by Ryff) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline psychological well-being at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.

  5. Life Situation Questionnaire (LSQ, by Pulkkinen) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline life situation at 2, 6 and 12 months ]
    Study has 4 time points when the same questionnaires are administered to assess possible changes in outcome measures.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently working
  • Daily internet connection available
  • Belongs to the group of most exhausted workers in Finland (BBI cut-off is set on the top 25%)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No psychological or somatic conditions or other practical reasons that hinder the possibility to participate to the program
  • Acute medicine changes
  • Regular psychotherapy
  • Not willing to inform employer and/or work health care of participation to the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01920230


Locations
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Finland
University of Jyväskylä, Department of Psychology
Jyväskylä, Finland, 40014
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Jyvaskyla
Finnish Social Insurance Institution
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anne M Puolakanaho, PhD University of Jyväskylä, Department of Psychology
Principal Investigator: Raimo Lappalainen, PhD University of Jyväskylä, Department of Psychology

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University of Jyvaskyla
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01920230     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 21000021201
First Posted: August 9, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by University of Jyvaskyla:
Burnout
Stress
Mindfulness
Acceptance-commitment therapy (ACT)
Intervention
Effectiveness
Working conditions
Work engagement
Psychological well-being
Life situation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Burnout, Psychological
Burnout, Professional
Stress, Psychological
Behavioral Symptoms
Occupational Stress
Occupational Diseases