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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Pembrolizumab, MK-3475, keynote-010
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Study of Two Doses of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Versus Docetaxel in Previously Treated Participants With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-3475-010/KEYNOTE-010)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01905657
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 23, 2013
Results First Posted : January 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:

This study compared two doses of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) versus docetaxel in participants with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had experienced disease progression after platinum-containing systemic therapy. Participants were assigned randomly to receive either pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg once every three weeks (Q3W), pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg Q3W or docetaxel 75 mg/m^2 Q3W. The total number of participants randomized depended upon demonstration of sufficient objective responses at an interim analysis.

Eligible participants who were allocated to the first course of pembrolizumab (2 mg/kg Q3W or 10 mg/kg Q3W) and experienced disease progression, to be permitted to receive a second course of pembrolizumab as long as Inclusion/Exclusion criteria were met.

Protocol Amendment 12 (effective date: 09 Dec 2015) enabled eligible participants who were allocated to docetaxel and experienced disease progression, to be permitted to switch over to receive pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg Q3W as long as Inclusion/Exclusion criteria were met.

With Protocol Amendment 15 (effective date: 03 Jan 2018), all second course and switch over participants will receive pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W. Response or progression during the second and switch over pembrolizumab courses will not count towards efficacy outcome measures, and adverse events during the second and switch over pembrolizumab courses will not count towards safety outcome measures.

Also with Amendment 15, once a participant has achieved the study objective or the study has ended, the participant will be discontinued from this study and enrolled in an extension study (Keynote 587; NCT03486873) to continue protocol-defined assessments and treatment. Switch over participants who have not transitioned to pembrolizumab will be considered for the extension study on a case-by-case basis.

The primary study hypotheses are that pembolizumab prolongs Overall Survival (OS) and Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) by independent radiologists' review in previously-treated participants with NSCLC in the strongly positive programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) stratum compared to docetaxel and in participants whose tumors express PD-L1 compared to docetaxel.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Biological: Pembrolizumab Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1034 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II/III Randomized Trial of Two Doses of MK-3475 (SCH900475) Versus Docetaxel in Previously Treated Subjects With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 9, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg
Participants received pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes Q3W for up to 2 years.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Experimental: Pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg
Participants received pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes Q3W for up to 2 years.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Active Comparator: Docetaxel 75 mg/m^2
Participants received docetaxel 75 mg/m^2 IV over 1 hour Q3W for up to 2 years.
Drug: Docetaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: TAXOTERE®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    OS was defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. OS was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and is reported in months. Per protocol, final analysis for this primary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 September (Sep) 2015.

  2. Progression-free Survival (PFS) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from the first day of study treatment to the first documented disease progression per RECIST 1.1 based on blinded independent central radiologists' review or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Using RECIST 1.1, progressive disease was defined as either a 20% relative increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study OR an absolute increase of >5 mm in the sum of lesions, OR the appearance of new lesions. PFS was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and is reported in months. Per protocol, final analysis for this primary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015.

  3. Percentage of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily had to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE is any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a pre-existing condition that was temporally associated with the use of the study drug, was also an AE. Per protocol, final analysis for this primary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015.

  4. Percentage of Participants Discontinuing Study Drug Due to AEs [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily had to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE is any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a pre-existing condition that was temporally associated with the use of the study drug, was also an AE. Per protocol, final analysis for this primary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who had a Complete Response (CR; disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR; at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters) based on blinded independent central radiologists' review using RECIST 1.1. Per protocol, final analysis for this secondary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015.

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Through pre-specified database cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015 (Up to approximately 24 months) ]
    DOR is measured from the time measurement criteria were first met for CR/PR (whichever was first recorded) until the first date that death or progressive disease was objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded on study). Non-responders were not included in the analysis. DOR was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and is reported in weeks. Per protocol, final analysis for this secondary outcome measure was performed for the first pembrolizumab course and docetaxel treatment arms, with a protocol-specified analysis data cutoff date of 30 Sep 2015.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Histologically- or cytologically-confirmed diagnosis of NSCLC that is anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) positive per central laboratory review
  • At least one bi-dimensional measurable lesion
  • Radiographic progression after treatment with at least 2 cycles of a platinum-containing doublet
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with docetaxel for NSCLC
  • Receiving systemic steroid therapy within 3 days prior to the first dose of study treatment or receiving any other form of immunosuppressive medication
  • Currently participating or has participated in a study using an investigational antineoplastic agent or device within 30 days of first dose
  • Expected to require any other form of systemic or localized antineoplastic therapy while on trial
  • History of allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant
  • Prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, antineoplastic biological therapy (e.g., cetuximab), major surgery within 3 weeks of the first dose of study drug; received thoracic radiation therapy of >30 Gy within 6 months of the first dose of study drug; received prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy or completed palliative radiotherapy within 7 days of the first dose of study drug
  • Prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death (PD)-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-tumor necrosis factor CD137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways), or took part in another pembrolizumab trial
  • Known history of prior malignancy, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer, and has undergone potentially curative therapy with no evidence of that disease recurrence for 5 years since initiation of that therapy
  • Known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Active autoimmune disease, or a documented history of autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents
  • Interstitial lung disease, or history of pneumonitis requiring systemic steroids for treatment
  • Known history or active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial through 120 days after last dose of pembrolizumab or 180 days after last dose of docetaxel

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01905657


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01905657    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-010
2012-004391-19 ( EudraCT Number )
132355 ( Registry Identifier: Japic-CTI )
MK-3475-010 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
KEYNOTE-010 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: July 23, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 18, 2017
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pembrolizumab
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Docetaxel
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological