Metabolic Actions of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01896414|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Metabolic Syndrome||Dietary Supplement: EPA (marine fatty acids) Dietary Supplement: Placebo||Not Applicable|
Metabolic Actions of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Inflammation and Adipocyte Lipolysis in the Metabolic Syndrome
Epidemiological studies identify metabolic syndrome (MetS) as a biomarker of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, and recent AHA scientific statements recommend intensive lifestyle diet and exercise measures to reduce risk. Marine-derived omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as, eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) improve many constituents of the metabolic syndrome such as lowering fasting TG and glucose levels, inflammation, insulin resistance and blood pressure. These improvements may be mediated by increased fat cell storage and metabolism and lipids, reducing inflammation and ectopic fat deposition in visceral abdominal tissue, muscle and liver that results in excessive pro-inflammatory intra-abdominal fat (IAF), insulin resistance and reduced levels of HDL cholesterol, hallmark characteristics of the MetS. The anti-inflammatory actions of EPA lower acute phase reactants (APRs) and proinflammatory mediators are mechanisms for their lipid lowering and insulin sensitizing effects to reduce CVD risk. The systematic investigation of marine-derived omega-3 PUFAs on these inflammatory, metabolic and physiological parameters will provide new mechanistic insights for the therapeutic use of a potentially beneficial, safe nutraceutical, EPA in patients with MetS. Thus, it is our hypothesis that supplementation of marine-derived omega-3 PUFAs, will reduce constituents of MetS as well as systemic and tissue inflammation, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), adipocyte lipolysis and cytokine release from AT to enhance TG storage capacity of subcutaneous AT. The reduction in inflammation and increase in insulin sensitivity will remodel adipose tissue to function more efficiently in TG uptake and storage; thus, reducing circulating FFAs and cytokines. We postulate that these metabolic effects may decrease ectopic fat deposition in viscera (IAF and muscle), an intriguing, novel outcome that provides rationale for the 9 month treatment.
The Specific Aims are to conduct a pilot 9 month randomized trial in adults with high Tg and at least one other component of the MetS to compare the effects of EPA vs. placebo on:
Aim 1: Metabolic (e.g., lipoproteins, inflammatory cytokines, acute phase reactants, glucose tolerance/insulin resistance) and adipose tissue responses (basal and insulin suppression of lipolysis (ED50), LPL activity, cytokine release and lipogenesis).
Aim 2: Regional fat distribution quantified anthropometrically as waist and hip circumference, visceral and subcutaneous adipose volumes and muscle lipid accumulation by CT-scan and body composition (total and regional fat mass) by dual energy absorptiometry (DXA).
These outcomes have potentially intriguing therapeutic implications for marine derived omega-3 PUFA supplementation as part of a lifestyle program for patients at increased cardiometabolic risk.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||40 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Metabolic Actions of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Inflammation and Adipocyte Lipolysis in the Metabolic Syndrome|
|Study Start Date :||July 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 30, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 30, 2016|
Experimental: EPA (marine fatty acids)
Subjects will receive EPA , four 1 gram capsules daily.
Dietary Supplement: EPA (marine fatty acids)
Subjects will be randomized to receive either EPA or placebo, four 1 gram capsules daily.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects will be randomized to receive placebo, four 1 gram capsules daily.
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Subjects will be randomized to receive either EPA/ or placebo, four 1 gram capsules daily.
- Biochemical measurements of lipids, glucose homeostasis, inflammatory markers, and adipocyte responses to mediators of lipolysis [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Metabolic (e.g., lipoproteins, inflammatory cytokines, acute phase reactants, glucose tolerance/insulin resistance) and adipose tissue responses (basal and insulin suppression of lipolysis (ED50), LPL activity, cytokine release and lipogenesis).
- Determination of regional fat distribution, visceral and subcutaneous adipose volume and body composition [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Regional fat distribution quantified anthropometrically as waist and hip circumference, visceral and subcutaneous adipose volumes and muscle lipid accumulation by CT-scan and body composition (total and regional fat mass) by dual energy absorptiometry (DXA).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01896414
|United States, Maryland|
|University of Maryland Medical Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Amish Research Center|
|Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States, 17601|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael Miller, M.D.||University of Maryland, College Park|