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Bioavailability Study of SPD489 Administered With Two Different Means of Administration in Healthy Adult Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01890785
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 2, 2013
Results First Posted : April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shire

Brief Summary:
Compare the pharmacokinetic profiles when the contents are emptied into a soft food and orange juice compared to the SPD489 when swallowed as an intact capsule.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Volunteers Drug: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-label, Randomized, 3-period Crossover Study Evaluating the Relative Bioavailability of SPD489 When the Contents Are Emptied Into a Soft Food and Orange Juice in Healthy Adult Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : July 15, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 22, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 22, 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Fasting
lisdexamfetamine dimesylate 70 mg capsule administered under fasted conditions
Drug: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate
Single dose of a 70 mg capsule on Day 1
Other Name: SPD489

Experimental: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Vanilla Yogurt
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate 70mg capsule mixed into vanilla yogurt
Drug: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate
Single dose of a 70 mg capsule on Day 1
Other Name: SPD489

Experimental: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Orange Juice
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate 70mg capsule mixed into orange juice
Drug: Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate
Single dose of a 70 mg capsule on Day 1
Other Name: SPD489




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve (AUC) for Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate [ Time Frame: Up to 96 hours post-dose ]
    AUC can be used as a measure of drug exposure. It is derived from drug concentration and time so it gives a measure how much and how long a drug stays in a body.

  2. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate [ Time Frame: Up to 96 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax is a term that refers to the maximum (or peak) concentration that a drug achieves in the body after the drug has been administrated.

  3. AUC for D-amphetamine [ Time Frame: Up to 96 hours post-dose ]
    d-Amphetamine is a metabolite of Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate and is an active form that is responsible for the drug's therapeutic activity.

  4. Cmax for D-amphetamine [ Time Frame: Up to 96 hours-post-dose ]
    d-Amphetamine is a metabolite of Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate and is an active form that is responsible for the drug's therapeutic activity.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18-55 years inclusive at the time of consent. The date of signing informed consent is defined as the beginning of the Screening Period. This inclusion criterion will only be assessed at the first screening visit.
  2. Willingness to comply with any applicable contraceptive requirements fo the protocol and is:

    • Male, or
    • Non pregnant, non lactating female
    • Females must be at least 90 days post partum or nulliparous
  3. Must be considered "healthy". Healthy status is defined by absence of evidence of any active or chronic disease following a detailed medical and surgical history, a complete physical examination including vital signs, 12-lead electrocardiogram, hematology, blood chemistry, and urinalysis.
  4. An understanding, ability, and willingness to fully comply with study procedures and restrictions
  5. Ability to provide written, personally signed, and dated informed consent to participate in the study, in accordance with International Conference on harmonisation Good Clinical Practice Guideline E6 (1996) and applicable regulations, before completing any study related procedures
  6. A body mass index between 18.5-30.0kg/m² inclusive. This inclusion criterion will only be assessed at the first screening visit.
  7. A hemoglobin value of >=12.0g/dL at the Screening Visit and on Day -1 of Treatment Period 1.
  8. Ability to swallow a dose of investigational product according to the study conditions.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects are excluded from the study if any of the following criteria are met at the Screening Visit or at Day 1 of Treatment Period 1 (if reassessed):

  1. Current or recurrent disease (eg, cardiovascular, renal, liver, gastrointestinal, malignancy, or other conditions) that could affect the action, absorption, or disposition of the investigational products, or could affect clinical or laboratory assessments.
  2. Current or relevant history of physical or psychiatric illness, any medical disorder that may require treatment or make the subject unlikely to fully comply with the requirements of the study or complete the study, or any condition that presents undue risk from the investigational product or study procedures.
  3. Significant illness, as judged by the investigator, within 2 weeks of the first dose of investigational product.
  4. History of significant anxiety, tension, or agitation as assessed by the investigator.
  5. History of or current diagnosis of glaucoma.
  6. History of a seizure disorder (other than infantile febrile seizures), any tic disorder, or a current diagnosis and/or known family history of Tourette's Disorder.
  7. History or presence of known structural cardiac abnormalities, syncope, cardiac conduction problems, exercise-related cardiac events, or clinically significant bradycardia.
  8. History of symptomatic cardiovascular disease, advanced arteriosclerosis, structural cardiac abnormality, cardiomyopathy, serious heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary artery disease, transient ischemic attack or stroke or other serious cardiac problems that may place them at increased vulnerability to the sympathomimetic effects of a stimulant drug.
  9. History of controlled or uncontrolled hypertension or a resting supine systolic blood pressure >139mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >89mmHg.
  10. Known family history of sudden cardiac death or ventricular arrhythmia.
  11. Currently considered a suicide risk, has previously made a suicide attempt, or has a history of, or is currently demonstrating suicidal ideation.
  12. Current use of any medication (including prescription, over-the-counter, herbal or homeopathic preparations) with the exception of hormonal replacement therapy or hormonal contraceptives (current use is defined as use within 14 days of first dose of investigational product).
  13. Use of any medication known to inhibit or induce the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes responsible for the metabolism of the investigational product within 14 days of first dose of investigational product.
  14. Known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to the investigational product, closely related compounds, or any of the stated ingredients.
  15. Known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to orange juice or vanilla yogurt.
  16. History of alcohol or other substance abuse within the last year.
  17. A positive screen for alcohol or drugs of abuse at the Screening Visit or on Day 1 of Treatment Period 1.
  18. Male subjects who consume more than 3 units of alcohol per day. Female subjects who consume more than 2 units of alcohol per day. (1 alcohol unit=1 beer=1 wine [5oz]=one liquor [1.5 oz]=0.75oz alcohol.).
  19. A positive human immunodeficiency virus antibody screen, Hepatitis B surface antigen, or Hepatitis C virus antibody screen.
  20. Use of tobacco in any form (eg, smoking or chewing) or other nicotine-containing products in any form (eg, gum, patch) within 30 days prior to the first dose of investigational product.
  21. Routine consumption of more than 2 units of caffeine per day or subjects who experience caffeine withdrawal headaches or have a history of caffeine withdrawal headaches. (One caffeine unit is contained in the following items: one 6oz cup of coffee, two 12oz cans of cola, one 12oz cup of tea, three 1oz chocolate bars. Decaffeinated coffee, tea, or cola are not considered to contain caffeine).
  22. Donation of blood or blood products (eg, plasma or platelets) within 60 days prior to the first dose of investigational product.
  23. Use of another investigational product within 30 days prior to receiving the first dose of investigational product or active enrollment in another drug or vaccine clinical study.
  24. Substantial changes in eating habits within 30 days prior to receiving the first dose of investigational product, as assessed by the investigator.
  25. An inability to follow a standardized diet and meal schedule or inability to fast, as required during the study.
  26. Prior screen failure, randomization, participation, or enrollment in this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01890785


Locations
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United States, Florida
Clinical Pharmacology of Miami, Inc
Miami, Florida, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shire
Investigators
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Study Director: Study Director Shire

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Shire
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01890785     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SPD489-123
First Posted: July 2, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2019
Last Verified: December 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents