Comparison of Bioimpedance Body Composition Device Measurements
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01888068|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 27, 2013
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2013
|Condition or disease|
|Self-declared Healthy Subjects|
You will be asked if you are 'healthy' to help the sub-investigator decide if you can be in the study. This is part of the "screening" process.
If you are 'healthy,' you will be asked to read and sign the informed consent documents and then enter into the study. The study Sub-investigator will ask your age, standing height and body weight. This information is used to describe the study participants. You will lie down on a flat surface/table; remove your shoes, socks and any jewelry. Four adhesive electrodes will be attached to your right hand and foot (two on each hand and foot), a small clip will then be connected to each electrode. A low level, radiofrequency alternating electrical current (425 microamps at 50 kilohertz) will be introduced into one pair (hand and foot) and the voltage across your body will be measured (other hand and foot). You will not feel the current being introduced into your body. While you remain on the table, the test will be repeated with a second bioimpedance device. The time required to complete these tests is about fifteen minutes. Participation in this study will depend upon if you are healthy and meet the specific study guidelines.
Screening for this study includes:
- You are between the ages of 18 and 99 years old
- You declare that you are healthy and do not have any known disease condition
- You are not pregnant
- You do not have an implanted electrical defibrillator
- You do not have a pacemaker
The method for determining body impedance is based on the conduction of an applied electrical current in the organism. In biological structures, application of a constant low-level alternating current results in an impedance to the spread of the current that is frequency dependent. The living organism contains intra- and extracellular fluids that behave as electrical conductors and cell membranes that act as electrical condensers and are regarded as imperfect reactive elements. At low frequencies (-1 kHz) the current mainly passes through the extracellular fluids, whereas at higher frequencies (50-800 kHz), it penetrates the intra- and extracellular fluids. Thus body fluids and electrolytes are responsible for electrical conductance, which is the inverse of resistance, and cell membranes are involved in capacitance.
In biological systems, electrical conduction is related to water and ionic distribution in the conductor. Because fat-free mass, which includes the protein matrix of adipose tissue, contains virtually all the water and conducting electrolytes in the body, conductivity is far greater in the fat-free mass than the fat mass of the body. This hypothetical relationship was proposed by Nyboer et al., who demonstrated that electrically determined biological volumes (V) were inversely related to resistance (R), and reactance (Xc). Because the magnitude of reactance is small relative to resistance, and resistance is a better predictor of impedance than is reactance, the expression for V becomes: V = pL2/R, where R is in ohms.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Official Title:||Comparison of Bioimpedance Body Composition Device Measurements: Predicate (EFG®) Versus Candidate (Vitality Analyzer™)|
|Study Start Date :||June 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2013|
- Comparison between the measured results of the candidate and predicate devices [ Time Frame: One time thirty minute enrollment for two measurements ]Measured results from the candidate and predicate devices will be collected and compared
Biospecimen Retention: None Retained
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01888068
|United States, Florida|
|Nokomis, Florida, United States, 34275|
|United States, Michigan|
|Harrisville, Michigan, United States, 48740|
|Principal Investigator:||Hank C Lukaski, PhD|