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Trial record 32 of 37 for:    Developmental Disabilities | ( Map: Oregon, United States )

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness and Safety of Rivaroxaban in Reducing the Risk of Death, Myocardial Infarction or Stroke in Participants With Heart Failure and Coronary Artery Disease Following an Episode of Decompensated Heart Failure (COMMANDER HF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01877915
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 14, 2013
Results First Posted : May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban compared with placebo (inactive medication), in reducing the risk of death, myocardial infarction or stroke in participants with heart failure and significant coronary artery disease following an episode of decompensated heart failure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Coronary Artery Disease Drug: Rivaroxaban Drug: Placebo Other: Standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized (the study medication is assigned by chance), double-blind (neither physician nor participant knows the identity of the assigned treatment), parallel group (each participant group receives different treatments simultaneously), event driven (the study duration is determined by the time taken for a specific number of events to occur), multicenter study to assess the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban compared with placebo, in reducing the risk of death, myocardial infarction or stroke in participants with heart failure and significant coronary artery disease following an episode of decompensated heart failure. Participants will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either rivaroxaban or placebo (each in addition to standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease as prescribed by their managing physician). The study will consist of a screening phase, a double-blind treatment phase, and a follow-up after the sponsor-announced global treatment end date (GTED, defined as the date when 1200 primary efficacy outcome events are predicted to have occurred). The double-blind treatment phase is estimated to last for 6 to 54 months. Participants will discontinue study drug after taking both their morning and evening doses on the GTED and will return to the study center for the end-of-study visit (between 15 and 45 days but no sooner than 15 days after the GTED). Patient safety will be monitored throughout the study. The average study duration for participants is expected to be approximately 29 months. The study drug, rivaroxaban, is approved in the United States and in multiple countries around the world for the prevention and treatment of a number of thrombosis-mediated conditions.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5081 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Event-driven, Multicenter Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban With Placebo for Reducing the Risk of Death, Myocardial Infarction or Stroke in Subjects With Heart Failure and Significant Coronary Artery Disease Following an Episode of Decompensated Heart Failure
Actual Study Start Date : September 10, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 19, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Rivaroxaban

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rivaroxaban 2.5 mg
Each participant will receive 2.5 mg of rivaroxaban twice daily with standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician).
Drug: Rivaroxaban
Each participant, randomly allocated to the rivaroxaban arm, will receive one 2.5 mg tablet of rivaroxaban orally (by mouth) twice daily (once in the morning and once in the evening at approximately the same time each day) until the global treatment end date (GTED) (defined as the date when 1200 primary efficacy outcome events have occurred). Rivaroxaban will be given with standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician).

Other: Standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease
Each participant's standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician) should be continued throughout the study.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Each participant will receive matching placebo twice daily with standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician).
Drug: Placebo
Each participant, randomly allocated to the placebo arm, will receive one matching placebo tablet orally twice daily (once in the morning and once in the evening at approximately the same time each day) until the GTED. Placebo will be given with standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician).

Other: Standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease
Each participant's standard of care for heart failure and coronary artery disease (as prescribed by the participant's managing physician) should be continued throughout the study.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event Rate of All-Cause Mortality, Myocardial Infarction (MI), or Stroke [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event Rate of all-cause mortality (ACM), MI, or stroke were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 patient [pt]-year [yr]) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  2. Event Rate of Either Fatal Bleeding or Bleeding Into a Critical Space With Potential for Permanent Disability [ Time Frame: Up to 227 Weeks ]
    Event rate of either fatal bleeding or bleeding into critical space with potential for permanent disability were assessed. Fatal bleeding event was death within 7 days after a bleeding event which required hospitalization or met International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis(ISTH) major bleeding definition criteria. Fatal bleeding events included those met criteria in 3 categories: 1: Any ISTH major bleeding event consider primary cause of death by investigator; 2: Any ISTH major bleeding event not considered to be primary cause of death by investigator but resulted in death within 7 days;3: Any bleeding event resulted in hospital stay and death within 7 days. Bleeding into critical space with potential for permanent disability included 7 critical spaces: intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular. Event rate estimated based on time to first occurrence of event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event Rate of Cardio Vascular Death or Re-Hospitalization for Worsening of Heart Failure (RHHF) [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event rate of cardio vascular (CV) death or re-hospitalization for worsening of heart failure were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  2. Event Rate of Cardio Vascular Death [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event rate of cardio vascular death were assessed. CV death included deaths due to spontaneous bleeding, MI, stroke, worsening HF and arrhythmias, death due to CV procedures and sudden death. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  3. Event Rate of Re-Hospitalization for Worsening of Heart Failure [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event rate of re-hospitalization for worsening of heart failure were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  4. Event Rate of Re-Hospitalization for Cardio Vascular Events (RHCV) [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event rate due to cardio vascular events were assessed. Hospitalization for a CV Event required that participants be hospitalized (in-patient or emergency department) for greater than 24 hours and must have met the following criterion:Discharge summary with primary reason for admission listed as CV in nature (example, bleeding, arrhythmia, ACS, MI) other than HF which was captured in the HF re-hospitalization. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  5. Event Rate of All-Cause Mortality (ACM) or Re-Hospitalization for Worsening Heart Failure [ Time Frame: Up to Global treatment end date (approximately 54 months) ]
    Event rate of all-Cause Mortality (ACM) or re-Hospitalization for worsening heart failure were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  6. Event Rate of Bleeding Events That Requiring Hospitalization [ Time Frame: Up to 227 Weeks ]
    Event rate of bleeding events and required Hospitalization were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.

  7. Event Rate of International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) Major Bleeding Event [ Time Frame: Up to 227 Weeks ]
    Event rate of ISTH major bleeding event were assessed. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of the event were reported in the study. Event Rate / (100 pt-yr) = 100*n/(total risk exposure), where n is the number of events.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 95 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must have symptomatic heart failure for at least 3 months prior to Screening
  • Participants must have an episode of decompensated heart failure (index event) requiring (a) an overnight stay [that is, staying past midnight] in a hospital, emergency department, or medical facility with the capability of treating with intravenous medications and observing heart failure patients before randomization or (b) an unscheduled outpatient visit to a heart failure management center, where parenteral therapy is required for heart failure stabilization. An episode of decompensated heart failure is defined as symptoms of worsening dyspnea or fatigue, objective signs of congestion such as peripheral edema or ascites, and/or adjustment of pre-hospitalization/outpatient visit heart failure medications. Participants are eligible for randomization at discharge from the facility treating the index event and up to 30 days after discharge if they are in stable condition
  • Must have a documented left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than or equal to 40 percent (%) within 1 year before randomization
  • Must have evidence of significant coronary artery disease
  • Must be medically stable in terms of their heart failure clinical status at the time of randomization
  • Must have a brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level greater than or equal to (>=) 200 picogram per milliliter (pg/mL) or N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) level >=800 pg/mL (preferred assay) during the Screening period and before randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates anticoagulant therapy or would have an unacceptable risk of bleeding, such as, but not limited to, active internal bleeding, clinically significant bleeding, bleeding at a noncompressible site, or bleeding diathesis within 28 days of randomization
  • Severe concomitant disease such as (a) atrial fibrillation (AFib) or another condition that requires chronic anticoagulation (participants with isolated transient AFib may be allowed at the discretion of the treating physician investigator) and (b) Documented acute myocardial infarction (MI) during index event
  • Prior stroke within 90 days of randomization
  • Has been hospitalized for longer than 21 days during the index event
  • Planned intermittent outpatient treatment with positive inotropic drugs administered intravenously

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01877915


  Show 578 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Bayer
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 1, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] December 12, 2017


Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01877915     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR101940
RIVAROXHFA3001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2013-000046-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 14, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Heart Failure
Coronary Artery Disease
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Anticoagulation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Infarction
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Myocardial Infarction
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Rivaroxaban
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Antithrombins
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anticoagulants