Community-based Interventions to Increase HIV Testing and HIV Care Utilization
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01867177|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2018
The purpose of this study is to conduct a cross-site evaluation of the Kaiser Permanente's Community-based Interventions to Increase HIV Testing and HIV Care Utilization Program, designed to support community-based interventions to reduce the number of new HIV cases and to increase HIV care acquisition and maintenance in minority communities disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. This effort builds on the President's National Strategy for HIV Prevention and recent research documenting the importance and efficacy of "test and treat" and "treatment as prevention" approaches. Hence, goals of this important and novel work will focus on the following objectives:
- identification of HIV infection among recently infected adolescents and adults
- improved access to HIV care, particularly among newly diagnosed adolescents and adults
To achieve these objectives, the following outcomes are expected from grantee programs:
- increased HIV testing among populations at risk for HIV
- improved health care utilization among HIV infected adults and adolescents
This initiative has been undertaken by Kaiser to affect HIV at a population level via community approaches to prevention, intervention and care in minority communities most affected by HIV (e.g. gay, African American, and Latino communities). The University of California, San Diego has developed and will oversee a cross-site evaluation of Kaiser grantee programs funded under this initiative. Each site will have a treatment and comparison group, and will conduct follow up surveys with their participants three and six months after their interventions.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV||Other: HIV testing Other: standard of HIV care Behavioral: HIV care utilization||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||583 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Community-based Interventions to Increase HIV Testing and HIV Care Utilization|
|Study Start Date :||June 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2017|
Identification of HIV infection among recently infected adults
Other: HIV testing
HIV testing. Enhanced testing protocol is used: RESPECT, an evidence-based HIV prevention counseling intervention helping people increase condom use, decrease risky behaviors (resulting in a decrease in STIs) compared to those who did not receive the intervention. RESPECT includes: one-on-one counseling using a structured protocol; "teachable moments" during counseling to motivate clients to change risk-taking behaviors; to explore the contexts in which risk behaviors occur to increase awareness of susceptibility; and negotiate achievable "next steps" with the client that support the larger risk reduction goal. Implemented using a structured protocol with monitoring to ensure the fidelity of the testing intervention.
Experimental: HIV care utilization
Improved access to HIV care and HIV care utilization, particularly among newly diagnosed adults
Behavioral: HIV care utilization
Sites will use a peer-based, client navigation model of an Integrated HIV/AIDS Early Intervention Services (ARTAS), Community Health Worker (CHW) Program, case management/support services linking people to continuous, coordinated care after HIV dx. Another site will do Motivational Enhancement Intervention (MEI) sessions with quality of ife workshops and support groups. Health Educators recruit clients, make appointments, escort to test sites, intake, review. Additional components can include food security support, social and group support, drop in centers, text messaging and social media, depending on sites. All sites focus on approaches to reach community members and facilitate their supportive linkage to care with behavioral and structural supports.
Active Comparator: standard of care
Standard of HIV care; standard of linkage to HIV care
Other: standard of HIV care
Standard linkage and referral to HIV care includes HIV counseling, testing, and referrals. Both intervention and comparison groups will receive these.
- Increased HIV care utilization [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months following intervention ]Improved access to HIV care, particularly among newly diagnosed adults.
- Increased HIV testing among populations at risk for HIV [ Time Frame: at baseline ]Increased HIV testing among populations at risk for HIV and identification of HIV infection among recently infected adults.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01867177
|United States, California|
|University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, Division of Global Public Health|
|La Jolla, California, United States, 92093|
|Principal Investigator:||Anita Raj, PhD||University of California, San Diego|