A Phase 3, 12-week, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of 2 Fixed Doses of Brexpiprazole in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Agitation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01862640|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2013
Results First Posted : June 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 31, 2020
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Agitation Associated With Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's Type Mental Disorder Nervous System Diseases||Drug: Brexpiprazole, OPC-34712 Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet||Phase 3|
Behavioral symptoms, such as agitation, are core features in participants with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias and develop in the majority of dementia participants. The presence of agitation in participants with Alzheimer's disease places a significant burden not only on participants and their caregivers but also on the healthcare system.
This is a trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of brexpiprazole in the treatment of participants with agitation associated with dementia of the Alzheimer's Type. The trial consists of a continuous 12-week double-blind treatment period with a 30-day follow-up. The trial population will include male and female participants between 55 and 90 years of age (inclusive) with a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease, who are residing either in an institutionalized setting or in a non-institutionalized setting where the participant is not living alone.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||433 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 3, 12-week, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of 2 Fixed Doses of Brexpiprazole (OPC-34712) in the Treatment of Subjects With Agitation Associated With Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 11, 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 15, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 15, 2017|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo once daily
Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Experimental: Brexpiprazole 1 mg
Titrate up from 0.25 milligrams (mg)/day brexpiprazole to 1 mg/day brexpiprazole
Drug: Brexpiprazole, OPC-34712
Experimental: Brexpiprazole 2 mg
Titrate up from 0.25 mg/day brexpiprazole to 2 mg/day brexpiprazole
Drug: Brexpiprazole, OPC-34712
- Change From Baseline In The Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) Total Score After 12 Weeks Of Brexpiprazole Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12/Early Termination (ET) ]To compare the efficacy of 2 fixed doses (1 mg/day and 2 mg/day) of brexpiprazole with placebo in participants with agitation associated with dementia of the Alzheimer's type, by the assessment of CMAI after 12 weeks of treatment. The CMAI assesses the frequency of agitated behaviors in elderly persons, such as hitting, cursing, and restlessness. It consists of 29 items all rated on a 1 to 7 scale with 1 being the "best" rating and 7 being the "worst" rating. The minimum possible CMAI total score is 29, and the maximum possible CMAI total score is 203. A decrease in score indicates improvement in symptoms. To control the overall type I error at 0.05 level when making 2 comparisons of brexpiprazole doses versus placebo, statistical testing was carried out using a hierarchical testing procedure in the order of: 1) comparison of 2 mg/day brexpiprazole versus placebo, and 2) comparison of 1 mg/day brexpiprazole versus placebo.
- Change From Baseline In The Clinical Global Impression-Severity Of Illness (CGI-S) Score, As Related To Symptoms Of Agitation After 12 Weeks Of Brexpiprazole Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12/ET ]To compare the efficacy of 2 fixed doses (1 mg/day and 2 mg/day) of brexpiprazole with placebo in participants with agitation associated with Alzheimer's dementia, by the assessment of CGI-S score after 12 weeks of treatment. The CGI-S was used to rate the severity of agitation. Scores were: 0 = not assessed; 1 = normal, not at all ill; 2 = borderline mentally ill; 3 = mildly ill; 4 = moderately ill; 5 = markedly ill; 6 = severely ill; and 7 = among the most extremely ill participants. A decrease in score indicates improvement in symptoms.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||55 Years to 90 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Male and female participants 55 to 90 years of age, inclusive, at the time of informed consent.
- Participants who are residing at their current location for at least 14 days before screening and are expected to remain at the same location for the duration of the trial.
- Participants with a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease according to National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association.
- Participants with a Mini-Mental State Exam score of 5 to 22, inclusive, at screening and baseline visits.
- Participants with onset of symptoms of agitation at least 2 weeks prior to the screening visit.
- Participants with a score of ≥ 4 on the agitation/aggression item of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Nursing Home at the screening and baseline visits.
- Participants who require pharmacotherapy for treatment of agitation per the investigator's judgment, after an evaluation for reversible factors (for example, pain, infection, polypharmacy) and a trial of nonpharmacological intervention.
- Participants must have a previous magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography of the brain, which was performed after the onset of symptoms of dementia, with findings consistent with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
- Participants with dementia or other memory impairment not due to Alzheimer's disease
- Participants with a history of stroke, well-documented transient ischemic attack, pulmonary or cerebral embolism.
- Participants who currently have clinically significant neurological, hepatic, renal, metabolic, hematological, immunological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, or psychiatric disorders.
- Participants who have been diagnosed with an Axis I disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision criteria)
- Participants with uncontrolled hypertension
- Participants with uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
- Participants with epilepsy or a history of seizures
- Participants considered in poor general health based on the investigator's judgment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01862640
|Study Director:||Eva Kohegyi, MD||Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.|
Documents provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
|Responsible Party:||Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||May 24, 2013 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||June 16, 2020|
|Last Update Posted:||December 31, 2020|
|Last Verified:||December 2020|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Plan Description:||Anonymized Individual participant data (IPD) that underlie the results of this study will be shared with researchers to achieve aims pre-specified in a methodologically sound research proposal. Small studies with less than 25 participants are excluded from data sharing.|
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
|Time Frame:||Data will be available after marketing approval in global markets, or beginning 1-3 years following article publication. There is no end date to the availability of the data.|
|Access Criteria:||Otsuka will share data on an Otsuka-owned remotely accessible data sharing platform with Python and R analytical software. Research requests should be directed to clinicaltransparency@Otsuka-us.com|
Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs