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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    REP0210
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Pilot Study to Evaluate Safety & Biological Effects of Orally Administered Reparixin in Early Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01861054
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Enrollment target not reached)
First Posted : May 23, 2013
Results First Posted : March 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A

Brief Summary:

This is a pilot "window of opportunity" clinical study in patients with operable breast cancer investigating use of reparixin as single agent in the time period between clinical diagnosis and surgery.

The primary objectives of this study were:

1- to evaluate the effects of orally administered reparixin on CSCs in the primary tumor and the tumoral microenvironment in an early breast cancer population:

A. CSC were measured in tissue samples by techniques that could include: ALDEFLUOR assay and assessment of CD44/CD24 by flow cytometry, or examination of RNA transcripts by RT-PCR, aldehyde dehydrogenase-1, CD44/CD24 and epithelial mesenchymal transition markers (Snail, Twist, Notch) by immunohistochemistry (IHC). CSC were defined as ALDEFLUOR positive (ALDH-1+) and/or CD44 high/CD24 low by flow cytometry or RT-PCR and IHC and by the detection of ALDH-1+ cells with or without epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcription factor in IHC assays.

B. Serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT), focal adhesion kinase (FAK), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and chemokine receptor-1 (CXCR1) levels were measured in tissue samples by IHC.

C. Measurement of markers of inflammation (interleukin-1beta [IL-1β], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-8 [IL-8], tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α], granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor [GM-CSF], vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF], basic fibroblast growth factor [b-FGF] and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]) in plasma, leukocyte subsets (enumerate T subsets, B, and natural killer/natural killer T [NK/NKT] cells) and study polymorphonuclear leukocyte [PMN] biology in peripheral blood samples. D. Measurement of markers of angiogenesis (CD31 staining), tumor-infiltrating leukocytes (CD4, CD8, NK and macrophages), autophagy (P62 and LC3 by IHC), EpCAM and EMT markers (CD326, CD45, Twist1, SNAIL1, SLUG, ZEB1, FOXC2, TG2, Akt2, P13k and CK19 by RT-PCR) and tissue cellularity (residual disease characterization in tumor bed) in tumor tissue samples.

2. To evaluate the safety of oral reparixin administered three times daily (t.i.d.) for 21 consecutive days.

The secondary objective was to define the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of orally administered reparixin.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Reparixin Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm, Preoperative, Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Biological Effects of Orally Administered Reparixin in Early Breast Cancer Patients Who Are Candidates for Surgery
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treated patients - Total
Patients eligible will be treated with Reparixin as add-in monotherapy
Drug: Reparixin
1000 mg Oral Reparixin t.i.d. for 21 consecutive days prior to surgery
Other Name: REP




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Day 21 in Markers of Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) in the Primary Tumor and the Tumoral Microenvironment (ALDH1,CD44/CD24) [ Time Frame: At day 21 ]
    CSCs were measured in tissue samples by the following techniques: ALDH-1 by ALDEFLUOR and by immunohistochemistry (IHC); CD44/CD24 by flow cytometry or examination of RNA transcripts by RT-PCR and by immunohistochemistry (IHC); epithelial mesenchymal markers (Snail, Twist, Notch) by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

  2. Change From Baseline-1 to Day 21-1 in Pathway Markers by IHC [ Time Frame: Day 21 (or last day of treatment) ]

    Pathway markers (AKT, FAK, PTEN and CXCR1) were measured in tissue samples at the pre-study (Day -14 to 0) and Day 21 (or within 24 hours of last dose). For the evaluation of the stain extent, the following semi-quantitative score method (0 to 4) was used: 0, no positive cells; 1, 1-25%; 2, 26-50%; 3, 51-75%; and 4, 76-100%. Hence for this scale, the higher the values, the worse is the outcome. For the evaluation of the stain intensity, the following score method (0 to 3) was used: 0, negative; 1, weak; 2, moderate, 3; strong. Also for this scale, the higher the score, the worse the outcome.

    Serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT, also known as protein kinase B, PKB) Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) Chemokine receptor-1 (CXCR1)


  3. Change From Baseline to Day 21 in Markers of Inflammation [ Time Frame: At Day 21 ]

    Markers of inflammation (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, GM-CSF, VEGF, and b-FGF) were measured in plasma from peripheral blood.

    IL = interleukins TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor-alpha GM-CSF = macrophage colony stimulating factor VEGF = vascular endothelial growth factor b-FGF = basic fibroblast growth factor


  4. Change From Baseline-1 to Day 21-1 in Markers of Angiogenesis (CD31 Staining) [ Time Frame: At day 21 ]

    CD31 staining by IHC. For the evaluation of the stain extent, the following semi-quantitative score method (0 to 4) was used: 0, no positive cells; 1, 1-25%; 2, 26-50%; 3, 51-75%; and 4, 76-100%. Hence for this scale, the higher the values, the worse is the outcome. For the evaluation of the stain intensity, the following score method (0 to 3) was used: 0, negative; 1, weak; 2, moderate, 3; strong. Also for this scale, the higher the score, the worse the outcome.

    CD31 is a transmembrane glycoprotein, 130-140 kDa, also know as platelet-endothelium cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1). CD31 is ligand for CD38 and plays a role in thrombosis and angiogenesis. CD31 is strongly expressed in endothelial cells and weakly expressed in megakaryocytes, platelets, occasional plasma cells, lymphocytes (espc. marginal zone B-cells, peripheral T-cells) and neutrophils.


  5. Change From Baseline-1 to Day 21-1 in Markers of Autophagy (P62 and LC3B by IHC) [ Time Frame: At day 21 ]

    Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation and recycling process implicated in cancer progression and therapy resistance. Labeling of p62 serves as a useful marker for the induction of autophagy, clearance of protein aggregates, and the inhibition of autophagy. Labeling of LC3B serves to track the binding of p62 and subsequent recruitment of autophagosomes.

    For the evaluation of the extent, the following semi-quantitative score method (0 to 4) was used: 0, no positive cells; 1, 1-25%; 2, 26-50%; 3, 51-75%; and 4, 76-100%. Hence for this scale, the higher the values, the worse is the outcome. For the evaluation of the intensity, the following score method (0 to 3) was used: 0, negative; 1, weak; 2, moderate, 3; strong. Also for this scale, the higher the score, the worse the outcome.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics of Reparixin (DF1681Y, DF1681Y Unbound, DF2243Y, DF2188Y) - Cmax [ Time Frame: At Days 1 (pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) and 21(pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) ]

    Once absorbed, reparixin is highly protein bound. By comparing Cmax and AUC for unbound drug to that for total drug, only < 0.1% to 0.2% of reparixin is available as unbound (free) drug. The intent of the PK outcomes was not to compare the results between the two cohorts; for this reason results for the PK outcomes are reported for the whole group of the treated patients.

    Cmax = Maximum plasma concentration obtained directly from the data without interpolation, expressed in concentration units


  2. Pharmacokinetics of Reparixin (DF1681Y, DF1681Y Unbound, DF2243Y, DF2188Y) - Tmax and T1/2 [ Time Frame: At Days 1 (pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) and 21(pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) ]

    Once absorbed, reparixin is highly protein-bound. By comparing Cmax and AUC for unbound drug to that for total drug, only < 0.1% to 0.2% of reparixin is available as unbound (free) drug. The intent of the PK outcomes was not to compare the results between the two cohorts; for this reason results for the PK outcomes are reported for the whole group of the treated patients.

    tmax = Time to reach the maximum plasma concentration obtained directly from the data without interpolation t1/2 = Terminal elimination half-life calculated as ln(2)/ lambda z; calculated only if the coefficient of determination R2 in lambda z estimation is at least 0.8.


  3. Pharmacokinetics of Reparixin (DF1681Y, DF1681Y Unbound, DF2243Y, DF2188Y) - AUC0-8, AUCinf, AUClast, AUCtau at Day 21, [ Time Frame: At Days 1 (pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) and 21(pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) ]

    The intent of the PK outcomes was not to compare the results between the two cohorts; for this reason results for the PK outcomes are reported for the whole group of the treated patients.

    AUC0-8 = The area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to 8 hours post-dose; AUClast = The area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to last quantifiable concentration AUCtau = The area under the plasma concentration-time curve for dosing interval (dosing interval [tau] = 8 hours); AUCinf = The total area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to time infinity; AUC0-inf = AUClast + Clast/lambda zeta, where Clast is the last observed concentration ≥ lower limit of quantitation at time tlast.

    All these parameters were calculated by the linear trapezoidal rule.


  4. Pharmacokinetics of Reparixin (DF1681Y, DF1681Y Unbound, DF2243Y, DF2188Y) - CL/F (L/h) at Day 1, CLSS/F (L/h) Day 21) [ Time Frame: At Days 1 (pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) and 21(pre-first dose and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8h post dose) ]

    The intent of the PK outcomes was not to compare the results between the two cohorts; for this reason results for the PK outcomes are reported for the whole group of the treated patients.

    CL/F = Apparent oral clearance - for DF1681Y only, calculated as dose/AUCinf.; calculated only when the coefficient of determination R2 in lambda zeta estimation is at least 0.8 and percent AUC extrapolation is less than or equal to 20%.

    CLss/F = Steady state apparent oral clearance - for DF1681Y only calculated as dose/AUCtau.


  5. Change From Baseline to Day 21 in Leukocytes Subsets [ Time Frame: At Day 21 ]
    The Leukocytes subsets analyzed are the following: Lymphocyte in WBC, Total T cell in lymphocytes, B cells in lymphocytes, T-helper cell in lymphocytes, CTL in lymphocytes, NKT cell in lymphocytes, ADCC NK subsets in lymphocytes, Regulatory NK subsets in lymphocytes, Exhausted NK subsets in lymphocytes, CD56-CD16+ NK subsets in lymphocytes, CD11b in PMNs - IL-8, CD18 in PMNs - IL-8, MFI of CD11b - IL-8, MFI of CD66b - IL-8, MFI of CD18 - IL-8, CD11b in PMNs - US, CD18 in PMNs - US, MFI of CD11b - US, MFI of CD66b - US, MFI of CD18 - US, Percent Monocytes expressing IL6 - IL-8,Percent Monocytes expressing IL1b - IL-8, Percent Monocytes expressing IL8 - IL-8, Percent Monocytes expressing TNFa - IL-8, Percent Neutrophils expressing IL6 - IL-8, Percent Neutrophils expressing IL1b - IL-8, Percent Neutrophils expressing IL8 - IL-8, Percent Neutrophils expressing TNFa - IL-8,Percent Monocytes expressing IL6 - US,Percent Monocytes expressing IL1b - US, etc.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female aged > 18 years.
  • Patients with operable breast cancer, with measurable tumors of more than 1 cm in diameter, that are not candidates for neoadjuvant therapy.
  • Zubrod (Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group [ECOG]) Performance Status (PS) of 0-1.
  • No prior treatment by surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy e.g. TAMOXIFEN® or RALOXIFEN® for prevention or chemotherapy.
  • Scheduled to undergo definitive local surgery for breast cancer.
  • Patients must be willing to undergo two mandatory tumor biopsies (pre and post therapy) that are not required for standard care. A sample of tumor tissue removed during surgery will also be collected for analysis.
  • Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication (intact tablet).
  • Able to undergo all screening assessments outlined in the protocol after giving informed consent.
  • Adequate organ function (defined by the following parameters):

    1. Serum creatinine < 140 μmol/L or creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min.
    2. Serum hemoglobin > 9 g/dL; absolute neutrophil count > 1.5 x 109/L; platelets > 100 x 109/L.
    3. Serum bilirubin < upper normal limit (UNL).
    4. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ UNL; alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ UNL; albumin within normal limits.
  • Documented hormone receptor (ER and progesterone receptor) and HER-2- status.
  • No known hepatitis B virus (unless due to immunization), hepatitis C virus, human immune deficiency virus-I and II positive status.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male.
  • Pregnancy or lactation or unwillingness to use two adequate methods of birth control throughout the study and for 30 days after study discontinuation.
  • Any other breast cancer types including inflammatory form.
  • Prior surgery to the breast area or primary axillary dissection.
  • Prior treatment for breast cancer.
  • Use of an investigational drug within 30 days preceding the first dose of study medication.
  • Any prior or current cancer, except in situ uterine carcinoma or basocellular cutaneous cancer considered as definitively cured.
  • Any associated medical condition considered incompatible with the study, e.g. cardiac, renal, medullar, respiratory or hepatic insufficiency.
  • Neurological or psychiatric disorders which may influence understanding of study and informed consent procedures.
  • Active or uncontrolled infection.
  • Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function.
  • Hypersensitivity to:

    1. ibuprofen or to more than one non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug;
    2. medications belonging to the class of sulfonamides, such as sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfasalazine, nimesulide or celecoxib.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01861054


Locations
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United States, Indiana
Indiana University Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5289
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Cancer Center, 4350 Shawnee Mission Pkwy, Suite 1500, Mailstop 6004
Fairway, Kansas, United States, 66205
United States, New Jersey
The Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center, MMC Medical Park at Eastchester
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Pennsylvania
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111
Magee-Womens Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Tennessee
Sara Cannon Research Institute
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Texas
The Methodist Hospital Research Institute
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lori J Goldstein, MD, PhD Fox Chase Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01861054    
Other Study ID Numbers: REP0210
First Posted: May 23, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 25, 2021
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A:
Cancer Stem Cells
Novel targeted therapy
CXCR1/2 Inhibitors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases