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Evaluating the Safety and Immune Response to a Single Dose of a Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Vaccine in RSV-Seronegative Infants and Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01852266
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 15, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of respiratory illness in infants and children. This study will evaluate the safety and immune response to an RSV vaccine in healthy RSV-naïve children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections Biological: RSV cps2 Vaccine Biological: Placebo Vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

RSV is the most common viral cause of serious acute lower respiratory illness (LRI) in infants and children under 5 years of age around the world. RSV illness can range from mild upper respiratory tract illness (URI) to severe LRI, including bronchiolitis and pneumonia. This study will evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of an RSV vaccine in healthy RSV-naïve children.

At study entry, participants will undergo a medical history review, physical examination, blood collection, and a nasal wash. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive the RSV vaccine or placebo at a 2:1 ratio, to be administered as nose drops. Subjects will be actively monitored for 28 days following administration of vaccine or placebo; monitoring will include medical history reviews, clinical assessments, and at some visits, nasal washes. On the days when no study visit is scheduled, study researchers will contact participants' parents or guardians for medical follow-up. At a study visit on Day 56, participants will undergo a medical history review, blood collection, and a nasal wash procedure.

From November through March following each subject's study participation, parents or guardians will report respiratory and/or febrile illnesses on a weekly basis via telephone calls to study researchers. Participants may have additional study visits that may include blood collection and/or nasal wash procedures during this follow-up period.

This protocol is a companion study to P1114; a study being conducted by the Center for Immunization Research (CIR, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore), and the Laboratory of Infectious Diseases (NIAID, Bethesda). The protocols have identical primary and secondary objectives; immunization schedules; evaluation assays and schedules; safety monitoring and reporting. The protocols will vary slightly in site selection requirements, eligibility requirements and site monitoring. These are all operational issues modified to account for the IMPAACT sites' operations and infrastructure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Single Dose of the Recombinant Live-Attenuated Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine RSV cps2, Lot RSV#005A, Delivered as Nose Drops to RSV-Seronegative Infants and Children 6 to 24 Months of Age
Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RSV cps2 Vaccine
Participants will receive one dose of the RSV cps2 vaccine administered as nose drops at study entry.
Biological: RSV cps2 Vaccine
10^5.3 plaque forming units (PFUs) of RSV cps2 vaccine will be administered as nose drops (0.25 mL per nostril, for a total of 0.5 mL).

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will receive one dose of placebo administered as nose drops at study entry.
Biological: Placebo Vaccine
Placebo vaccine will be administered as nose drops (0.25 mL per nostril, for a total of 0.5 mL).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency and severity of vaccine-related solicited adverse events (AEs) that occur during the acute monitoring phase of the study (Days 0-28) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ]
  2. Proportion of participants that develop 4-fold or greater rises in RSV neutralizing antibody titer following vaccination [ Time Frame: Measured through study follow-up period, up to 1 year after study entry ]
    Antibody responses to the RSV F glycoprotein will also be assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 24 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 6 months to less than 25 months of age at the time of enrollment
  • Parents/guardians who demonstrate their understanding of the study (by taking the comprehension assessment), sign the informed consent, and agree to vaccine administration following detailed explanation of the study
  • Seronegative for RSV antibody, defined as a serum RSV neutralizing antibody titer less than 1:40 as determined within 42 days prior to enrollment
  • Participant's history has been reviewed and participant has undergone a physical examination indicating that s/he is in good health
  • In the view of the site investigator, the participant has received routine immunizations appropriate for their age
  • Participant is expected to be available for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known or suspected impairment of immunological functions, including maternal history of positive HIV test
  • Receipt of immunosuppressive therapy including systemic corticosteroids within 30 days of study entry. NOTE: Topical steroids, topical antibiotic, and topical antifungal medications are acceptable within 24 hours of enrollment. May be reassessed after symptoms have resolved.
  • Bone marrow/solid organ transplant recipients
  • Major congenital malformations, including congenital cleft palate, cytogenetic abnormalities, or serious chronic disorders
  • Previous immunization with an RSV vaccine or previous receipt of or planned administration of any anti-RSV antibody product
  • Previous serious vaccine-associated AE or any anaphylactic reaction
  • Known hypersensitivity to any vaccine component
  • Lung or heart disease, including any wheezing event or reactive airway disease. Participants with clinically insignificant cardiac abnormalities requiring no treatment may be enrolled. Participants who had one episode of wheezing or received bronchodilator therapy for a single episode of illness in the first year of life but who have not had any additional wheezing episodes or bronchodilator therapy for at least 12 months may also be enrolled.
  • Member of a household that includes an immunocompromised individual or infants less than 6 months of age
  • Attends day care with infants less than 6 months of age, and whose parent/guardian is unable or unwilling to suspend daycare for 14 days following immunization. Children who attend facilities that separate children by age and minimize opportunities for transmission of virus through direct physical or aerosol contact are acceptable.
  • Fever (rectal temperature of greater than or equal to 100.4°F [38°C]), or upper respiratory illness (rhinorrhea, cough, or pharyngitis) or nasal congestion (that is significant enough to interfere with successful vaccination), or otitis media
  • Has received any killed vaccine or live attenuated rotavirus vaccine within the last 2 weeks, any other live vaccine within the last 4 weeks, or gamma globulin (or other antibody products) within the past 3 months or is scheduled to receive any immunization in the 28 days after enrollment
  • Receipt of another investigational vaccine or investigational drug within 28 days of receiving this investigational RSV vaccine
  • Has received antibiotics or systemic or nasal steroid therapy or other prescription medications for acute illness within 3 days of study entry. Permitted concomitant medications include nutritional supplements, medications for gastroesophageal reflux, eye drops, and topical medications, including (but not limited to) topical steroids, topical antibiotics, and topical antifungal agents.
  • Has received salicylate (aspirin) or salicylate-containing products within the past month
  • Infants born at less than 37 weeks gestation and less than 1 year of age

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01852266

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United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University, Center for Immunization Research (CIR)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21505
Johns Hopkins University, Center for Immunization Research South
Laurel, Maryland, United States, 20708
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Ruth A. Karron, MD Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT01852266    
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR 285
First Posted: May 13, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 15, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Pneumovirus Infections
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs