Providing Brain Control of Extracorporeal Devices to Patients With Quadriplegia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01849822|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 9, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2019
This research study is being done to develop a brain controlled medical device, called a brain-machine interface or BMI, that will provide people with a spinal cord injury some ability to control an external device such as a computer cursor or robotic limb by using their thoughts.
Developing a brain-machine interface (BMI) is very difficult and currently only limited technology exists in this area of neuroscience. The device in this study involves implanting very fine recording electrodes into areas of the brain that are known to create arm movement plans and provide hand grasping information. These movement and grasp plans would then normally be sent to other regions of the brain to execute the actual movements. By tying into those pathways and sending the movement plan signals to a computer instead, the investigators can translate the movement plans into actual movements by a computer cursor or robotic limb.
The device being used in this study is called the NeuroPort Array and is surgically implanted in the brain. This device and the implantation procedure are experimental which means that it has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). One NeuroPort Array consists of a small grid of electrodes that will be implanted in brain tissue with a small cable that runs from the electrode grid to a small hourglass-shaped pedestal. This pedestal is designed to be attached to the skull and protrude though the scalp to allow for connection with the computer equipment.
The investigators hope to learn how safe and effective the NeuroPort Array is in controlling computer generated images and real world objects, such as a robotic arm, using imagined movements of the arms and hands. To accomplish this goal, two NeuroPort Arrays will be used.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Tetraplegia||Device: Neural Prosthetic System||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Basic Science|
|Official Title:||A Feasibility Study of the Ability of the Neural Prosthetic System to Provide Direct Brain Control of Extracorporeal Devices in Patients With Quadriplegia Due to High Spinal Cord Injury|
|Study Start Date :||February 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2019|
Experimental: Neural Prosthetic System
The Neural Prosthetic System consists of two Neuroport Arrays, which are described in detail in the intervention description. Both Neuroport Arrays are inserted into the posterior parietal cortex, an area of the brain used in reach and grasp planning. The arrays are inserted and the percutaneous pedestal is attached to the skull during a surgical procedure. Following surgical recovery the subjects will participate in study sessions 3-5 times per week in which they will learn to control an end effector by thought. They will then use the end effector to perform various reach and grasp tasks.
Device: Neural Prosthetic System
The Neural Prosthetic System is primarily composed of two NeuroPort Arrays. Each array is comprised of 100 microelectrodes (1.5 mm in length) uniformly organized on a 4 mm x 4 mm silicon base that is 0.25 mm thick. Each microelectrode is insulated with Parylene-C polymer and is electrically isolated from neighboring electrodes by non-conducting glass. Each microelectrode has a platinum tip that is 100-200 microns in length and offers impedance values from 100-800 kilo-ohms. Of the 100 electrodes, 96 are wire bonded using 25 micron gold alloy insulated wires collectively sealed with a silicone elastomer. The wire bundle is potted to a printed circuit board with epoxy, the printed circuit board is inserted into the Patient Pedestal (percutaneous connector), and then the Patient Pedestal is filled with silicone elastomer. Two fine platinum reference wires are also attached to the Patient Pedestal. The Patient Pedestal is 19 mm wide at the skin interface.
Other Name: NeuroPort Array
- Patient control over the end effector (virtual or physical) [ Time Frame: One year after array implantation ]The primary effectiveness objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the NPS in controlling virtual or physical end effectors. The driving hypotheses are that control over the physical and virtual end effectors, as measured by accuracy, will be significantly greater than the level of chance. Three methods will be used to assess the effectiveness of the extracorporeal device: standardized tests, comparison of task performance to the level of chance, and the Quality-of-Life Inventory (QOLI). In collaboration with therapists at Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, two commonly-used, standard tests have been selected by which the use of robotic arm will be evaluated: the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM).
- Absence of infection or irritation [ Time Frame: One year after array implantation ]The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety of the NPS. The driving hypotheses are that the implantation will not be associated with infection or irritation, and that the serious adverse event rate will not rise above 1%. The method of evaluation will be inspection of subject's scalp for evidence of reddening or discharge; review of new symptoms including possible fever, headache, visual or auditory changes, or change in mood or behavior; serial neurologic exams. The condition of the area will be compared with its condition on previous visits. History will be obtained regarding new symptoms. Neurologic exam will be compared to baseline neuro exam. The SAE rate will be calculated as the number of SAEs per implant days.
- Score on the Action Research Arm Test [ Time Frame: One year after array implantation ]The Action Research Arm Test was designed to provide a rapid, reliable test to assess recovery of upper limb function following cortical damage. Three of the four subtests will be scored: grasp, grip and pinch. A four-point scale (0-3) will be used in each of the 16 individual tasks. The total score will be measured and reported.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01849822
|United States, California|
|Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center|
|Downey, California, United States, 90242|
|University of Southern California|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033|
|California Institute of Technology|
|Pasadena, California, United States, 91125|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard A Andersen, PhD||California Institute of Technology|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Liu, MD, PhD||University of Southern California|
|Principal Investigator:||Christi Heck, MD, PhD, MMM||University of Southern California|
|Principal Investigator:||Mindy Aisen, MD||Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center|