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Does a Perioperative Course of Gabapentin Improve Analgesia After Cesarean Delivery?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01848119
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 7, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital

Brief Summary:

Gabapentin has been very effective at treating pain after knee and hip operations, hysterectomies, and many other types of operations. A previous study at the investigators' hospital found that a single pre-operative dose of 600mg gabapentin produced a significant reduction in pain after cesarean section. However, 19% of patients complained of sedation. A subsequent study at the same institution looked to see if lowering the dose to 300mg would decrease pain scores whilst reducing the sedative side-effect seen in the first trial. The results were inconclusive but it provided valuable information to guide the design of this study.

The purpose of this study is to see whether a preoperative dose of gabapentin, followed by a 48 hour low-dose course will produce improvement in pain scores. This study will compare the efficacy of a peri-operative course of gabapentin (600mg one hour before the operation and 200mg every 8 hours for 2 days post-operatively) and a similar course of placebo in women undergoing Cesarean section. The investigators' hypothesis is that a course of gabapentin will result in decreased pain scores and increased satisfaction.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain Drug: Gabapentin Drug: lactose Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Postoperative pain can have a significant negative impact on the physical and psychological health of both mother and child after cesarean delivery. Furthermore, severe postoperative pain may lead to persistent pain for many months. Therefore, optimal prevention and treatment of post cesarean pain is of paramount importance in women's health.

The current analgesic regimen most commonly used to manage pain after cesarean delivery includes neuraxial opioids, systemic acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, and systemic opioids for breakthrough pain. Although much improvement has been made with this regimen, pain scores assessment at 24 and 48 hours post cesarean delivery still show moderate pain, so further strategies to improve pain management are warranted.

Gabapentin has been shown to reduce pain scores and opioid consumption in the post-operative period in a variety of surgical settings such as hysterectomy and mastectomy. Studies have also shown a benefit in continuing the drug as a peri-operative course.

The use of gabapentin in cesarean deliveries is limited to 2 studies. The first trial at Mount Sinai Hospital found that a single dose of 600mg of gabapentin, administered preoperatively, significantly reduced the pain and increased the level of satisfaction of mothers who had delivered by cesarean section. There was however an increase in levels of sedation seen in those who received gabapentin and so a subsequent study was designed to see whether a reduced dose of 300mg could replicate the benefits shown without making mothers as drowsy. Unfortunately this study did not allow definitive conclusions to be drawn from the results as regards analgesic benefit, however the investigators did not observe an increase in sedation in patients receiving either 300 mg or 600 mg of gabapentin. Further studies are warranted to better define the role of gabapentin in this patient population.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a preoperative dose of gabapentin followed by a short course of gabapentin in the first 48 hours post cesarean delivery, in the context of a multimodal analgesic regimen inclusive of intrathecal morphine and systemic NSAIDs, acetaminophen and opioids.

We hypothesize that this regimen will decrease VAS pains scores and increase maternal satisfaction post cesarean delivery.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 204 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Does a Perioperative Course of Gabapentin Improve Analgesia After Cesarean Delivery? A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cesarean Section

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Gabapentin
Gabapentin 600mg, 1 dose preoperatively, followed by Gabapentin 200mg tid for 5 doses.
Drug: Gabapentin
Other Names:
  • Novo-gabapentin
  • Neurontin

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
lactose capsules
Drug: lactose

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. VAS score (VAS 0-100 mm) for maternal pain on movement at 24 hours after surgical incision. [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. VAS score on movement at 48 hours after surgical incision [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  2. VAS scores at rest at 24 and 48 hours after surgical incision [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  3. Maternal satisfaction scores at 24 and 48 hours after surgical incision. [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  4. Opioid use in the first 48 hours after surgical incision [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  5. Time to first analgesic [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Time at which the patient requests any additional analgesic within the 48 hours after surgical incision.

  6. Side effects; sedation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, pruritis and difficulties balancing [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Patients exhibiting any sedation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, pruritis and difficulties balancing in the 48 hours after surgical incision.

  7. Neonatal apgar scores [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]
    Neonatal apgars scores at 1 and 5 minutes post delivery

  8. Breastfeeding issues [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    The presence of any difficulties breastfeeding that requires a lactation consult while in hospital.

  9. NICU admission [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Any admissions to NICU of infants born to mothers participating in the study.

  10. Anxiety level [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]
    Anxiety level recorded on a Numeric Rating Scale of 0-10 (0 = "no anxiety", 10 = "the most severe anxiety possible"), prior to surgery.

  11. Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) questionnaire. [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ]
    The PCS questionnaire is a pain research tool that examines a subject's pain related psychology.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 55 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All women aged 16 years and over with term singleton pregnancies undergoing elective cesarean delivery at Mount Sinai Hospital under spinal anesthesia, who have given pre-operative informed written consent will be eligible to participate in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have refused, are unable to give or have withdrawn consent
  • Patients unable to communicate fluently in English
  • Patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of 3 or greater
  • Patients with history of epilepsy or chronic pain, or of use of anti-epileptic drugs or neuropathic analgesic drugs
  • Patients with a history of opioid or intravenous drug abuse
  • Patients with a known allergy or contra-indication to gabapentin, or to any other drugs used in this trial
  • Patients who have refused spinal anaesthesia, or those in whom it is contra-indicated
  • Patients with known congenital fetal abnormalities
  • Patients who have taken antacid medication in the previous 24 hours

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01848119

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Canada, Ontario
Mount Sinai Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G1X5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Jose CA Carvalho, MD MOUNT SINAI HOSPITAL
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Responsible Party: Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital Identifier: NCT01848119    
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-01
First Posted: May 7, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 13, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014
Keywords provided by Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital:
Cesarean section
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimanic Agents