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Study on the Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures Using Vertebral Body Stenting

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01847898
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 7, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Synthes GmbH

Brief Summary:

This is a randomized, controlled study to document and evaluate the clinical performance of the Vertebral Body Stenting (VBS) System in osteoporotic fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine.

The randomized, controlled trial (RCT) will compare patients with VBS and Balloon Kyphoplasty.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vertebral Body Fractures Procedure: Vertebral Body Stenting (VBS) Procedure: Balloon Kyphoplasty Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study to Evaluate the Clinical Performance of the VBS System for the Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures in a Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Setting
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vertebral Body Stenting (VBS) Procedure: Vertebral Body Stenting (VBS)
Vertebral Augmentation with a Stent

Experimental: Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure: Balloon Kyphoplasty
Vertebral Augmentation with a Balloon (device not specified)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Increase and maintenance of the vertebral body height [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The anterior edge, mid height and posterior edge of the index vertebral body are measured pre-operatively standing, after prone intraoperative positioning on the table (dynamic fracture mobility), intra-operatively following balloon dilation (height restoration), after balloon deflation and removal, after cement deposition, and finally postoperative standing. Anterior, middle and posterior height measurements will be made at each time-point during the study to measure maintenance of vertebral body height over time. The ratio between anterior and mid or posterior edge height (Beck-index) is calculated to avoid the problem of image calibration. In addition, the relative height fractions in comparison to the nearest healthy vertebral body (referent level) are calculated. Finally, local and regional sagittal angles and overall lumbar lordosis or thoracic kyphosis, respectively, are assessed for measurement of improvement of alignment.

  2. Visual analog scale (VAS) for back pain [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Pain assessment by the patients using the VAS back pain from 0 to 10. In this scale 0 means "no pain" and 10 is the "worst pain imaginable". A pre- to postoperative difference of at least 2 observed during the course of the therapy is regarded as clinically relevant.

  3. Adverse events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    • Any re-operations, revisions, and removals or supplemental fixation at the index level(s) is considered a study failure.
    • Any intra-operative system malfunction, misplacement of the balloon or stent, balloon or stent fracture, or failure of the balloon or stent to fully deploy is considered a study failure.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic evaluations [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Evaluation of osteolysis surrounding the VBS System and/or cement; Evaluation of adjacent level arthritis; Evaluation of bridging trabecular bone at intradiscal spaces adjacent to the treated level(s); Assessment of segmental kyphosis/lordosis at the treated and adjacent level(s) Evaluation of all vertebral body fractures directly above and below the treated level(s

  2. Global assessment by the patient using the VAS [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Patients globally assess their overall satisfaction with the treatment using the VAS, where 0 = totally dissatisfied and 10 = totally satisfied. A six-level question comparing the current situation to the preoperative state of health is also used.

  3. VAS leg pain [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    VAS leg pain from 0 to 10. In this scale 0 means "no pain" and 10 is the "worst pain imaginable".

  4. Analgesic usage [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Analgesic consumption is documented in the categories - none, Paracetamol (Acetaminophen), Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), Metamizole, mild opiates and strong opiates at baseline and each follow-up office visit. This information is obtained with the help of medical staff or the patient's family and relatives.

  5. Neurological assessment of root tension signs, muscle strength, sensory deficit and reflexes [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Assessment of root tension signs (yes/no), muscle strength (normal/decreased), sensory deficit (yes/no) and reflexes (normal/decreased/increased) will be conducted at baseline and each follow-up visit

  6. Symptoms associated with position/direction of cement extrusion [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Symptoms associated with position/direction of cement extrusion: epidural, pulmonary, intradiscal, large vessels, foraminal, paraspinal soft tissue, paravertebral vessels, other.

  7. Disability using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), version 2.1 will be used.

  8. Quality of Life Evaluation using the EuroQol, general quality of life questionnaire (EQ-5D) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The EQ-5D (EuroQol, general quality of life questionnaire) will be used.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 50
  2. 1 to 3 contiguous target vertebral compression fractures (VCF) meeting the following criteria:
  3. Fracture due to diagnosed or presumed underlying primary or secondary osteoporosis (Patients with AO type A1.x fractures and A3.1 fractures may be included in the study).
  4. All target VCFs are between Th5 and L5

    • All target VCFs to be treated show either:

      • Height change: An acute (< 6 month) change in VB height (>15% height loss) with height loss at the anterior, middle or posterior portion of the VB consistent with a worsening of 1 or more grades by the Genant criteria, OR
      • Positive MRI or bone scan: VB shows hyperintense signal on MRI-T2 or STIR sequence or target VB is positive on radionuclide bone scan
    • Back pain correlating with the location of at least one VCF
  5. Treatment of all target VCFs is technically feasible by and clinically appropriate for BOTH vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty
  6. No major surgery to the spine planned for at least 1 month following enrollment
  7. Pre-treatment back pain by numerical rating scale (NRS) score >= 4 (0-10 scale)
  8. Subject is able to understand the risks and benefits of participating in the study and is willing to provide written informed consent
  9. Psychosocially, mentally and physically able to fully comply with the protocol requirements for the duration of the study including adhering to scheduled visits, treatment plan, completing forms and other study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. VB morphology or configuration is such that either balloon kyphoplasty OR vertebroplasty is not technically feasible for the targeted VCFs
  2. Fracture due to high-energy trauma
  3. Suspected OR proven cancer inside index vertebral body.
  4. Disabling back pain due to causes other than acute fracture (e.g., sacroiliac fracture, symptomatic degenerative disc disease, lumbar spinal stenosis)
  5. Any painful VCF with fracture age > 6 months
  6. Patients with primary tumors of the bone (e.g., osteosarcoma) or solitary plasmacytoma at site of the index VCF. Patients with these tumors in anatomic sites other than the index VCF are eligible.
  7. Any objective evidence of neurologic compromise at baseline
  8. Previous balloon kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty for any VCF
  9. Spine stabilization beyond balloon kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty required for targeted VCFs
  10. Significant clinical comorbidity that may potentially interfere with long-term data collection or follow-up (e.g., dementia, severe comorbid illness)
  11. Patients requiring the use of high-dose steroid (>= 100mg prednisone or 20 mg dexamethasone per day), IV pain medication, or nerve block to control chronic back pain unrelated to index VCF(s). Patients who receive high-dose steroids for treatment of their cancer (for at least 30 days) are eligible.
  12. Patients who may require allogeneic bone marrow transplantation during the course of the study
  13. Spinal cord compression or canal compromise requiring decompression
  14. Patients with osteoblastic tumors at the site of index VCF. Patients with osteoblastic tumors of vertebral levels not intended for kyphoplasty may be enrolled.
  15. MRI contraindication (e.g. cerebral aneurysm clips, pacemaker, implanted biostimulators, cochlear implants, penile prosthesis)
  16. Spinal instability as indicated by neurologic deficit, kyphosis >30°, compression >50%, translation > 4 mm, interspinous-process widening.
  17. Pre-existing conditions contrary to either balloon kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty, such as:

    • Irreversible coagulopathy or bleeding disorder. Note regarding reversible coagulopathies: Subjects on coumadin or other anticoagulants may participate. Investigators should follow routine practices for perioperative discontinuation and re-initiation of anticoagulants.
    • Allergy to any device materials (e.g., bone cement) for balloon kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty. Note that in subjects with allergy to iodine-based contrast, other non-iodine contrast solutions may be used.
    • Any evidence of VB or systemic infection
  18. Pregnant or child-bearing potential

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01847898

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Universitätsklinik für Unfallchirurgie
Graz, Austria
Wien, Austria
Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein
Kiel, Germany
Münster, Germany
Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Chirurgie
Rostock, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Synthes GmbH
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Principal Investigator: Paul F. Heini, Prof. Dr. med. Klinik Sonnenhof, Bern, Switzerland

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Responsible Party: Synthes GmbH Identifier: NCT01847898    
Other Study ID Numbers: STU-SPI-S-06-134-01
STU-SPI-S-06-134-01 ( Other Identifier: Synthes GmbH )
First Posted: May 7, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 14, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Keywords provided by Synthes GmbH:
Vertebral Body
Compression Fracture
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fractures, Bone
Spinal Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Spinal Injuries
Back Injuries