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Effects of Pilates on Respiratory Mechanics

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01841385
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Maria Pazzianotto Forti, Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a fitness program from the application of Pilates on lung function, thoracoabdominal mobility and respiratory muscle strength in women.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Exercise Other: Pilates method Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Study in the Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy laboratory and clinics of Pilates in the region, in which the voluntary of the Pilates group would start the Pilates method.

The study included women with body mass index (BMI) ≤ 29 kg/m2 were not engaged in regular physical activity, or sedentary lifestyle with scores up to eight, according to Baecke et al., non-smoker, non-alcoholic, without any abnormalities of the cardiovascular, respiratory and neuromuscular.

The study excluded women with disabling diseases, pregnancy, postpartum less than a year, inability to understand the tests and exercises proposed or refuse to participate in the study.

The volunteers, aged between 25 and 55 years, were allocated in to two groups:

  1. Pilates Group (n = 16): sedentary volunteers, but that would begin activities with the Pilates method and evaluated three months.
  2. Control group (n = 13): sedentary volunteers and remain sedentary and evaluated in three months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Influence of Application of the Pilates Method on Pulmonary Function, Thoracic Mobility and Respiratory Muscle Strength
Study Start Date : October 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pilates Group

Sedentary volunteers, but that would begin activities with the Pilates method and evaluated in three months.

Therapeutic intervention in the Pilates method has two regular weekly sessions for 12 weeks, totaling 24 sessions.

For the protocol of Pilates exercises, exercises on soil and equipment, with gradual progression of the load.

Other: Pilates method
Therapeutic intervention in the Pilates method has two regular weekly sessions for 12 weeks, totaling 24 sessions. For the protocol of Pilates exercises, exercises on soil and equipment, with gradual progression of the load.

No Intervention: Control Group
Sedentary volunteers and remain sedentary and evaluated in three months. The volunteers comprised the control group did not perform any physical activity during the study period.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pulmonary function [ Time Frame: Three months ]
    Spirometry was carried out according to the guidelines of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) (2005). Three types of maneuver were used in order to evaluate the lung volumes and flows: Slow Vital Capacity (SVC), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (MVV). The maneuvers were carried out until three acceptable and reproducible curves were obtained, not exceeding more than eight attempts. The values extracted from each maneuver were selected according to Pereira (2002), and the predicted values calculated using the equation proposed by Pereira et al. (1992) for Brazilians.

  2. Thoracoabdominal mobility [ Time Frame: Three months ]
    The measurement of thoracoabdominal mobility was performed by using a tape scaled in centimeters. In the standing position, the measurements were made at levels axillary, xiphoid and abdominal, during rest, and at maximal inspiration and maximal expiration. At each level, the measurements were performed three times. It computed the highest value of inspiration and the lowest of expiration. The absolute difference between these values was considered the thoracoabdominal mobility.

  3. Respiratory muscle strength [ Time Frame: Three months ]

    Respiratory muscle strength was assessed by measuring maximal respiratory pressures (MRP) with the use of an analog manometer, with operating range of ± 300 cmH2O.

    The maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) was measured from a maximal expiration, near the residual volume. The maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) was measured from a maximal inspiration, near total lung capacity. Each inspiratory or expiratory effort was sustained for at least two seconds and was respected the 45 seconds between each maneuver.

    To minimize the learning effect five measurements were performed and the difference between them should be as high as 10%. Was considered for analysis the highest value obtained.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • body mass index (BMI) ≤ 29 kg/m2
  • not physically active on a regular basis, ie, sedentary lifestyle with scores up to eight, according to Baecke et al.
  • nonsmokers
  • non-alcoholic
  • without any abnormalities in the cardiovascular, respiratory or neuromuscular

Exclusion Criteria:

  • disabling diseases
  • gestation
  • puerperium there is less than a year
  • inability to understand the tests and exercises proposed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01841385


Locations
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Brazil
Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba (UNIMEP)
Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba

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Responsible Party: Eli Maria Pazzianotto Forti, PhD, Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01841385     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pilates2012
First Posted: April 26, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2013
Last Verified: April 2013
Keywords provided by Eli Maria Pazzianotto Forti, Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba:
Exercise
spirometry
muscle strength
physical therapy modalities