Dual Point-of-care Test for the Diagnosis of Yaws (YARADI)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01841203|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2014
|Condition or disease|
Yaws is an infectious disease caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue, a bacterium which closely resembles the causative agent of syphilis, and is spread by skin to skin contact. In the field, yaws is diagnosed on the basis of epidemiological context, evocative symptoms and signs and positive serological tests or dark field microscopy. The darkfield microscopy is not easy to perform , hence the interest in serological tests. The serological tests used to confirm yaws are the same as those used to diagnose syphilis. Yaws serologic diagnosis relies on testing for non-treponemal and treponemal antibodies. These antibodies differ markedly with respect to antigenic reactivities and kinetics during the disease process.
Historically screening for yaws has involved the use of nontreponemal tests, such as rapid plasma reagin or venereal disease research laboratory. Positive results of nontreponemal tests of specimens are then confirmed using a more specific treponemal test, such as Treponema pallidum haemagglutination. However, the equipment and personnel requirements for conducting and interpreting these laboratory-tests are rarely available in low-resource settings in developing countries where yaws occurs.
Rapid treponemal tests which detect antibodies to T. pallidum antigen have become popular for the diagnosis of venereal syphilis due to their many advantages. These tests that can be performed outside a laboratory setting with minimal training and using blood collected by a finger prick, which makes them extremely useful in remote areas where laboratories are not available. However, the rapid treponemal tests for syphilis detect treponemal antibodies, which limits their use for interpretation of the disease status since they cannot distinguish between active and past or treated infection.
A combined point-of-care (POC) test which detects both treponemal and non-treponemal antibodies has recently been evaluated for the diagnosis of syphilis, and appears promising for yaws diagnosis. The use of the dual POC test would result in the ability to both screen and confirm the serological status of patients with suspected yaws within 15 minutes and give a better indication of active disease.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||703 participants|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of a Rapid Dual Point-of-care Assay for Targeting Antibiotic Treatment for Yaws Eradication: a Prospective Descriptive Study|
|Study Start Date :||April 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2013|
The evaluation of T1 (treponemal line) will be conducted by using the T1 positivity identified by naked eye or automated reader to compare with that of TPHA; while the evaluation of T2 (non-treponemal line) will be conducted by using the T2 positivity identified by naked eye, or automatic reader at cut-off value of 20, to compare with the result of RPR.
- To determine the accuracy of the dual-test as compared to recognized standard methods [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Sensitivity and Specificity as compared to RPR and TPHA
- Proportion of actual TPHA/RPR positives which are correctly identified as such by DPP (dual-test)T1 and T2 respectively
- Proportion of TPHA/RPR negatives which are correctly identified as such by DPP (dual-test)T1 and T2 respectively
- Accuracy of DPP in whole blood and plasma [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Specimens will be randomly tested using DPP, either in plasma or blood.
Sensitivity and Specificity of DPP in whole blood and DPP in plasma will be compared.
- Accuracy of DPP determined by Naked eye and Reader [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Specimens will be tested using DPP, read by naked eye and also using automated reader.
Sensitivity and Specificity of DPP result read by naked eye and DPP using automated reader will be compared.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01841203
|Papua New Guinea|
|Marup village, Madang, Papua New Guinea|
|Lihir Medical Centre|
|Londolovit, New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea, 034|