Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

MTZ Plus AMX in the Treatment of Smokers and Non-smokers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01837199
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 23, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcelo Faveri, University of Guarulhos

Brief Summary:
Randomized controlled clinical trials have demonstrated that the use of amoxicillin (AMX) and metronidazole (MTZ) as adjuncts to mechanical therapy improves the clinical and microbiological outcomes of scaling and root planing (SRP) in non-smokers and smokers with ChP. However, the effects of this antibiotic protocol have not been directly compared in non-smokers and smokers. Therefore, the aim of this study will be to compare the clinical and microbiological effects of the adjunctive use of MTZ+AMX to SRP in smokers and non-smokers subjects with chronic periodontitis (ChP). It was hypothesized that non-smokers would benefit better from this combination of therapies than the smokers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Periodontitis Smoking Drug: Metronidazole plus Amoxicillin Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Sample size calculation:

This study is designed to compare the clinical and microbiological effects of the treatment of smoker and non-smoker subjects with SRP+MTZ+AMX. The ideal sample size to assure adequate power for this clinical trial was calculated considering differences of at least 1mm between groups for clinical attachment level (CAL) in initially deep periodontal sites (PD ≥ 7 mm). It was also determined that the standard deviation of CAL change at deep sites would be 1.0 mm based on our earlier studies of smokers and non-smokers receiving SRP combined with MTZ+AMX. Based on these calculations, it was defined that 26 subjects per group would be necessary to provide an 85% power with an α of 0.01. Considering an attrition of about 20%, it was established that at least 32 subjects should be included in each treatment group.

Experimental design and treatment protocol:

In this cohort clinical trial, subjects will be assigned according to their smoking status, into smoker and non-smoker groups. All subjects will receive SRP combined with systemic MTZ (400 mg) and AMX (500 mg). Both antibiotics will be administered T.I.D. for 14 days. Before the study begins, all subjects will receive full-mouth supragingival scaling and instruction on proper home-care techniques. They will receive the same dentifrice to use during the study period (Colgate Total). All subjects will receive full-mouth SRP performed under local anesthesia in four to six appointments lasting approximately 1h each. Treatment of the entire oral cavity will be done in 14 days. SRP will be performed by one trained periodontist using manual instruments. The antibiotic therapies will start immediately after the first session of mechanical instrumentation. The University Pharmacy will prepare the antibiotic pills and send them to the study coordinator, who will mark the code number of each subject on a set of two packs and give them to the examiner. All subjects will receive clinical and microbiological monitoring at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy.

Clinical monitoring:

One calibrated examiner will perform clinical monitoring and the treatment will carried out by another clinician. Thus, the examiner and the clinician will be masked as to the nature of the treatment groups. Visible plaque (presence or absence), gingival bleeding (presence or absence), bleeding on probing (BOP; presence or absence), suppuration (presence or absence), PD (mm) and clinical attachment level (CAL, mm) will be measured at six sites per tooth (mesiobuccal, buccal, distobuccal, distolingual, lingual and mesiolingual) in all teeth, excluding third molars. The PD and CAL measurements will be recorded to the nearest millimeter using a North Carolina periodontal probe.

Microbiological Monitoring:

Subgingival plaque samples will be collected at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-SRP from nine non-contiguous interproximal sites per subject. The select sites will be randomized in different quadrants and subset according to baseline PD, three samples in each of the following categories: shallow (PD<3 mm), intermediate (PD 4-6 mm) and deep (PD>7 mm). After the clinical parameters have been recorded, the supragingival plaque will be removed and the subgingival samples will be taken with individual sterile curettes (Gracey #11-12) and immediately placed in separate Eppendorf tubes containing 0.15 ml of buffer (TE). One hundred microliters of 0.5 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) will be added to each tube and the samples will be dispersed using a vortex mixer. The samples will be analyzed by Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical and Microbiological Effects of Adjunctive Metronidazole Plus Amoxicillin in the Treatment of Generalized Chronic Periodontitis: Smokers Versus Non-Smokers.
Study Start Date : July 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Smoking
Metronidazole plus Amoxicillin
Drug: Metronidazole plus Amoxicillin
All subjects will receive scaling and root planing combined with systemic metronidazole (400 mg) and amoxicillin (500 mg). Both antibiotics were administered T.I.D. for 14 days.
Other Names:
  • Metronidazole
  • Amoxicillin
  • Scaling and root planing

Experimental: Non-Smoking
Metronidazole plus Amoxicillin
Drug: Metronidazole plus Amoxicillin
All subjects will receive scaling and root planing combined with systemic metronidazole (400 mg) and amoxicillin (500 mg). Both antibiotics were administered T.I.D. for 14 days.
Other Names:
  • Metronidazole
  • Amoxicillin
  • Scaling and root planing




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean clinical attachment level change post- scaling and root planing in sites with initial probing depth ≥ 7 mm [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of subjects with low, moderate and high risk for disease progression. [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy ]
  2. Mean full-mouth clinical attachment level. [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy ]
  3. Mean full-mouth probing depth. [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy. ]
  4. Mean clinical attachment level change post-scaling and root planing in sites with initial probing depth between 4-6 mm [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy ]
  5. Mean probing depth reduction post-scaling and root planing in sites with initial probing depth between 4-6 mm [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy. ]
  6. Mean probing depth reduction post-scaling and root planing in sites with initial probing depth ≥ 7 mm [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy. ]
  7. Mean changes in levels of the 40 bacterial species evaluated by Checherboard DNA-DNA hybridization [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy. ]
  8. Mean changes in proportions of the 40 bacterial species evaluated by Checherboard DNA-DNA hybridization [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 months post-therapy ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic periodontitis (AAP 1999);
  • ≥35 years of age;
  • Presence of at least 15 teeth;
  • Minimum of 6 teeth with at least one site each with PD and clinical attachment level (CAL) ≥5 mm;
  • At least 30% of the sites with PD and CAL ≥4 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP).
  • Smokers: had smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day for a minimum of 5 years;
  • Non-smokers: had never smoked.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous subgingival periodontal therapy;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Nursing;
  • Systemic diseases that could affect the progression of periodontal disease (e.g. diabetes, osteoporosis);
  • Long-term administration of anti - inflammatory medications;
  • Need for antibiotic pre-medication for routine dental therapy;
  • Continuous use of mouthrinses containing antimicrobials;
  • Antibiotic therapy in the previous 6 months
  • Allergy to MTZ or AMX.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01837199


Locations
Layout table for location information
Brazil
University of Guarulhos
Guarulhos, São Paulo/ SP, Brazil, 07023-070
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Guarulhos
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Marcelo Faveri, DDS, PhD. University of Guarulhos
Principal Investigator: Magda Feres, DDS, PhD. University of Guarulhos
Principal Investigator: Luciene C Figueiredo, DDS, PhD. University of Guarulhos

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Marcelo Faveri, DDS, PhD., University of Guarulhos
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01837199    
Other Study ID Numbers: SISNEP/726
First Posted: April 23, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 23, 2013
Last Verified: April 2013
Keywords provided by Marcelo Faveri, University of Guarulhos:
Periodontal disease
Scaling and root planing
Metronidazole
Amoxicillin
Generalized chronic periodontitis
Periodontal treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Periodontitis
Chronic Periodontitis
Periodontal Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Amoxicillin
Metronidazole
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents