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COGNUTRIN in Breast Cancer Survivors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01823991
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 4, 2013
Results First Posted : August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Gateway for Cancer Research
University of South Florida
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and influence of an intervention (COGNUTRIN) using nutritional supplements (n-3 fatty acids and blueberry anthocyanins) on cognitive performance in breast cancer survivors following chemotherapy. The investigators' goal is to treat or lessen the late effects of cancer treatment. The supplement to be used will be a combination of the following: (1) VitaBlue (40% polyphenolics, 12.5% anthocyanins from blueberries (BB) and (2) n-3 fatty acids - Lovaza.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: VitaBlue™ Other: Placebo Drug: Lovaza® Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This pilot study will evaluate the feasibility of administration of the nutritional supplement and placebo in this patient population and performing cognitive function testing at baseline and post supplementation.

This is a randomized, double-blind pilot study of COGNUTRIN vs. Placebo.

Participants have an equal chance (like flipping a coin) of being in either of the study groups. Neither the participant nor the study doctor will be able to choose which study group the participant is in. Participants will not know and the study doctor will not know which study group the participants are in.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Pilot Clinical Trial of COGNUTRIN in Breast Cancer Survivors
Actual Study Start Date : July 30, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: COGNUTRIN (VITABLUE and n-3 fatty acids)
Participants will be provided with two bottles containing Lovaza and VitaBlue. Participants will be asked to take 1 tablet of Lovaza two times a day and 1 tablet of VitaBlue three times a day.
Drug: VitaBlue™

Self administration of nutritional supplement COGNUTRIN for 3 months.

The supplement to be used will be a combination of the following: (1) VitaBlue (40% polyphenolics, 12.5% anthocyanins from blueberries (BB) and (2) n-3 fatty acids - Lovaza.

Other Name: blueberry (BB) Anthocyanins

Drug: Lovaza®

Self administration of nutritional supplement COGNUTRIN for 3 months.

The supplement to be used will be a combination of the following: (1) VitaBlue (40% polyphenolics, 12.5% anthocyanins from blueberries (BB) and (2) n-3 fatty acids - Lovaza.

Other Name: omega-3-acid ethyl esters

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Administration
Participants will be provided with two bottles containing placebo. Participants will be asked to take 1 tablet of one placebo two times a day and 1 tablet of other placebo three times a day.
Other: Placebo

Self administration of placebo for 3 months.

Investigators use a placebo to make sure that it really is the study medicine that is making a difference in the participant's condition. It does not have anything in it that would normally help or harm most people.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Cognitive Function Scores With Intervention - HVLT and COWA [ Time Frame: Baseline (Time 1) and at 3 months +/- 7 days (Time 2) ]
    Mean change in cognitive function scores measured from baseline to post intervention with Cognutrin compared to placebo. Mean cognitive function scores by group and compared by time of testing (Time 1, Time 2). The HVLT test assesses verbal learning and memory. Subjects are given a list of words and asked to repeat as many words as they can recall at 3 times. There is no absolute low & high, as scores are age adjusted. Reported scores are T-scores- average score should be 50, with a standard deviation of 10. Any score below 50 indicates performance below population averages and any score above 50 indicates higher than population averages.The COWA test is a verbal fluency test that measures spontaneous production of words belonging to the same category or beginning with a designed letter. The scores are converted to z-scores. A Z score of -1 is 1 standard deviation below mean. The lowest and highest Z scores could be ≤ -3.0 and ≥3.0. A lower Z score is indicative of poor fluency.

  2. Change in Cognitive Function Scores With Intervention - Color Trails 1 & 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Time 1) and at 3 months +/- 7 days (Time 2) ]
    Mean change in cognitive function scores measured from baseline to post intervention with Cognutrin compared to placebo arms of the trial. Mean cognitive function scores by group and compared by time of testing (Time 1, Time 2). Tests: Color Trails 1 & Color Trails 2. Color Trails 1 consists of a page with scattered circles numbered from 1-25. Even numbered circles are colored yellow and odd numbered ones are colored pink. Respondents are instructed to connect the circles in consecutive numeric order with a continuous line as quickly as possible. Score is determined by recording the number of seconds required to complete the task. Color Trails 2 consists of a page containing 25 pink circles and 25 yellow circles numbered 1-60. Respondents are instructed to connect circles in consecutive order while alternating colors. A total score is determined by recording the number of seconds required to compete the task.

  3. Change in Cognitive Function Scores With Intervention - Digit Span [ Time Frame: Baseline (Time 1) and at 3 months +/- 7 days (Time 2) ]
    Mean change in cognitive function scores measured from baseline to post intervention with Cognutrin compared to placebo. Mean cognitive function scores by group and compared by time of testing (Time 1, Time 2). The Digit Span assesses immediate verbal memory and auditory attention. The examiner reads increasingly longer series of numbers and the respondent is required to repeat them in the same order. The examiner then reads additional sequences of numbers and the respondent is required to repeat them in reverse order. Digit Span yields one score, number of items completed correctly. Scores are scaled from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. The values for these scaled scores indicated that values from 1-7 indicate below average performance, corresponding to 1-16 percentile ranks. Scores between 8-12 indicate average performance, corresponding to percentile ranks of 25-75. Scores between 13-19 correspond to areas of strength and 84-99 percentile ranks.

  4. Change in Cognitive Function Scores With Intervention - Symbol Digit Modalities Test [ Time Frame: Baseline (Time 1) and at 3 months +/- 7 days (Time 2) ]
    Mean change in cognitive function scores measured from baseline to post intervention with Cognutrin compared to placebo arms of the trial. Mean cognitive function scores by group and compared by time of testing (Time 1, Time 2). The Symbol Digit Modalities Test requires respondents to write the number that corresponds with each symbol for a series of 110 items in which the symbol but not the number appears. Respondents identify the correct number using a key provided in which symbols are matched with numbers. Total score is determined by calculating the number of items correctly completed in 90 seconds Scale uses z-scores which have a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1. Scores cores above 0 indicate better than average performance whereas scores below 0 indicate poorer than average performance.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 3 months from baseline +/- 7 days ]
    The primary safety endpoint is incidence and severity of AEs occurring during intervention with either COGNUTRIN or placebo. All AEs that are reported by the participant, detected during a visit, physical examination, or laboratory work-up will be recorded in the participant's medical record and recorded on the case report form (CRF). All AEs that occur after the informed consent is signed will be recorded on the AE CRF whether or not related to study agent, using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for AEs (CTCAE) version 4.0.

  2. Occurrence of Adverse Events (AEs) by Causality [ Time Frame: 3 months from baseline +/- 7 days ]
    Number of Adverse events according to relation to study treatment category: Definitely related, Probably related, Possibly related, Unlikely to be related, Unrelated.

  3. Number of Participants Experiencing Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 3 months from baseline +/- 7 days ]
    The primary safety endpoint is incidence and severity of AEs occurring during intervention with either COGNUTRIN or placebo. All AEs that are reported by the subject, detected during a visit, physical examination, or laboratory work-up will be recorded in the participant's medical record and recorded on the case report form (CRF). All AEs that occur after the informed consent is signed will be recorded on the AE CRF whether or not related to study agent, using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for AEs (CTCAE) version 4.0.

  4. Number of Participants With Improvement in Function MRI and Structural MRI Post-Intervention [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Functional: Improved cortical activation in multiple areas of the brain on examination of functional MRI post study intervention. Imaging including: 1) Extended resting state functional MRI with data post-processed on Philips EWS. Performed with patient's eyes closed and minds wandering. 2) Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with effective slice thickness of 2.3mm. Post-processed on Philips EWS with color-coded DTI tractography images obtained, absolute FA calculations performed in 9 anatomic areas in both right and left brain with total of 18 FA values obtained per examination. Structural: Improved white matter signal changes which correlate with ischemic changes or microvascular ischemic changes, cortical atrophy, hippocampal atrophy, brain volume and gray-white matter ratio. Anatomic sequences including: 1) Coronal 3-D volume T1 weighted gradient echo images with effective slice thickness of 1mm. 2) Axial FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery)


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in Plasma Cytokines [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Mean change plasma cytokines from baseline to post intervention with Cognutrin vs. placebo. Inflammatory markers-Cytokines were measured with a panel including IFN-g, IL-6, IL-8 and INF-alpha.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cases with Stage II-IIIA Breast Cancer that have completed adjuvant treatment with anthracyclines and/or taxanes + or -Radiation therapy within past 6 months(+/- 7 days) (subjects on concurrent endocrine therapy (TAM, Aromatase inhibitors are also eligible to participate as this is standard of care for this patient population)
  • Able to understand and sign the informed consent
  • Fluent in reading, comprehension and communication in the English language
  • No evidence of dementia - Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) >=23 but some evidence of cognitive impairment
  • Must be aware of the nature of his current medical condition and must be willing to give consent after being informed of the experimental nature of therapy, alternatives, potential benefits, side-effects, risks and discomforts
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0- 2 (Karnofsky score >60%)
  • Acceptable hemoglobin and hematocrit level based on complete blood count (CBC)
  • Must be willing to be monitored for adequacy of nutritional intake during the intervention, as is the current standard of clinical practice

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of estrogens (oral, dermal or vaginal), progesterone (oral or topical), androgens, Raloxifene or Tamoxifen during the previous 3 months
  • Use of over the counter steroid hormonal supplements including dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • Patients with advanced or Stage IIIIB or IV breast cancer or other cancers
  • Use of n-3 fatty acids or high dose antioxidant supplements other than what is provided in the trial
  • History of known allergy to components of the study supplements
  • Renal or liver disease
  • Concurrent participation in another chemoprevention trial
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Metabolic abnormalities (e.g. thyroid disorders, insulin dependent diabetes, rheumatologic disease etc.)
  • Known claustrophobia, presence of pacemaker and/or ferromagnetic material in their body that would prohibit MRI imaging
  • Medical history of concussions
  • Other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the potential participant inappropriate for entry into this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01823991


Locations
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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Gateway for Cancer Research
University of South Florida
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nagi Kumar, Ph.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] May 13, 2016

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01823991    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-17089
First Posted: April 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 14, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
polyphenolics
anthocyanins
n-3 fatty acids
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases