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Effectiveness Trial for Evaluating IAHA for PFPS (PFPS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811654
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 14, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ferring Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of intra-articular hyaluronan (IAHA) injections for the treatment of symptomatic patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and determine if this treatment can provide incremental clinical benefits over standard care for patients with this diagnosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Device: Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid-Euflexxa Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Objective: To determine the safety and effectiveness of intra-articular hyaluronan (IAHA) injections for the treatment of symptomatic patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and determine if this treatment can provide incremental clinical benefits over standard care for patients with this diagnosis.

Study Design: Two-arm, single-center, parallel, pragmatic, randomized, non-blinded, effectiveness trial

Indication for Use: For treatment of adult patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) who have failed to respond to conservative treatment and simple analgesics (e.g. acetaminophen).

Setting: University Teaching Hospital, Faculty Practice

Subjects: Male and female patients aged 18-40 diagnosed with symptomatic patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria. Approximately 68 subjects will be enrolled based on a power analysis of sample size estimation.

Methods: Patients signing informed consent will be randomized to one of two groups: (1) Standard Care, (2) Standard Care plus Intra-articular hyaluronan (IAHA) administered as a course of 3 consecutive weekly intra-articular injections.

Standard Care is defined as consisting of physical therapy, activity modification (relative rest), and/or oral analgesic therapy. Upon entering the trial, a specific physical therapy (PT) protocol will be implemented.

Data will be captured on the study knee history and symptoms. Radiographic examinations will be performed including weight-bearing anterior-posterior views with knees flexed 30 degrees, lateral, and sunrise views. The diagnosis of PFPS will be based on the subjects' being less than 40 years of age, and the occurrence of chronic retropatellar pain in the absence of other pain-causing abnormalities.

Arthrocentesis will be performed before all intra-articular injections, and any synovial fluid collected will be visually inspected for signs of infection before performing any injections. The volume of synovial fluid will be measured, and the samples will then be retained for further biomarker analysis.

A follow-up visit will be scheduled approximately 3 months after the baseline visit, to reevaluate patient condition.

Study Duration: A period of approximately 15 months is anticipated from the time the first patient is enrolled to the completion of the last patient visit. A final study report will then be generated after this 18 month time point.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Pragmatic, Effectiveness Trial Evaluating Intra-articular Hyaluronan for the Symptomatic Treatment of Chronic Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Study Start Date : April 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 7, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : March 4, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Standard Care
Patients in this group will receive treatment per standard care. Standard Care is defined as consisting of physical therapy, activity modification (relative rest), and/or oral analgesic therapy. A specific physical therapy (PT) protocol will be implemented.
Active Comparator: Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid-Euflexxa
Patients assigned to this group will receive treatment per standard care AND three (3) consecutive weekly injections of intra-articular hyaluronan (Euflexxa). Oral analgesics will be used at the lowest dose and for the shortest time possible to treat PFPS symptoms.
Device: Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid-Euflexxa
IAHA was approved by the FDA in 1997 as a synovial fluid replacement device to help relieve the pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) in patients who fail to respond adequately to conservative treatment and simple analgesics. In this study, IAHA, specifically Euflexxa, will be used off-label to determine whether patients afflicted with PFPS will experience similar analgesic effects as seen in those with OA.
Other Names:
  • Intra-articular Hyaluronan
  • IAHA
  • Viscosupplementation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score [ Time Frame: At baseline and 3 month follow-up ]
    A 100mm visual analog scale (VAS) for activity related pain assessment will serve as the primary outcome measure


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in PFPS Severity Scale (PSS) score [ Time Frame: At baseline and 3 month follow-up ]
    The PSS was specifically designed and tested on patients suffering from patellofemoral pain syndrome. In its original form, it is a visual analog scale (100 mm) for pain while performing 10 different activities that reflect typically painful movements for physically active subjects with PFPS. For the purposes of this study, the PSS was modified from a 10 cm visual analog scale to a 10 point Likert scale. This modified PSS will be used by all subjects. In addition, patients will be asked to identify which activity within the PSS is most painful to them.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in Tegner Activity Scale score [ Time Frame: At baseline and 3 month follow-up ]
    The Tegner activity scale will be used as an additional secondary outcome measure in this study because it has been demonstrated to be a valid clinimetric instrument for assessing function in patients with knee pain. The Tegner activity scale uses a numerical scale ranging from 0 to 10. Each value indicates the ability to perform specific activities. An activity level of 10 corresponds to participation in competitive sports, including soccer, football, and rugby at the elite level. Whereas an activity level of 0 is assigned if a person is on sick leave or receiving a disability pension because of knee problems.

  2. Global Assessment [ Time Frame: At 3 month follow-up ]
    A global assessment tool (e.g. EQ-5D) will be administered during the final visit for this study



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults from the ages of 18-40, male or female
  • Diagnosis of unilateral OR bilateral patellofemoral pain syndrome
  • Duration of diagnosis no less than 2 months and no greater than 3 years in the study knee
  • Unresponsive to standard treatment of at least 6 weeks duration, consisting of physical therapy, activity modification (relative rest), and/or oral analgesic therapy
  • Insidious onset of symptoms unrelated to a traumatic incident
  • Pain described as "behind", "underneath", or "around" the patella reported during at least two of the following activities:

    • Going up or down stairs
    • Squatting
    • Running
    • Hopping or jumping
    • Kneeling
    • Prolonged sitting
  • A baseline activity related VAS pain score between 50 and 90

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any co-morbidity that would influence the safety of intra-articular injections or impede safety and efficacy measurements in the study knee, such as:

    • Coagulopathies or the use of anticoagulant medications
    • History of allergy to any of the treatment interventions planned
    • Acute inflammation and/or palpable effusion in the study knee
    • Current or history of musculoskeletal infection in the study knee
    • Severe malalignment, deformity or chronic subluxation of study knee
    • History of prior patellar dislocation of the study knee
    • Ipsilateral joint/limb conditions (e.g. hip, thigh, lower leg, ankle, foot)
  • Any condition other than PFPS in the contralateral knee present at the time of enrollment or developing during the course of enrollment
  • Any radiographic signs of the following:

    • Osteoarthritis in any of the study knee compartments
    • Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions
    • Physeal injuries
    • Bone tumors
  • Vulnerable subjects and pregnant women
  • Participation in any other musculoskeletal studies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01811654


Locations
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United States, New York
Center for Musculoskeletal Care - NYU Langone Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
Ferring Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Dennis Cardone, DO NYU Langone Medical Center
Study Director: Philip Band, PhD NYU Langone Medical Center/Hospital for Joint Disease

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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811654     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-01020
First Posted: March 14, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 23, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Keywords provided by NYU Langone Health:
Patellofemoral
Hyaluronan
Intra-articular
Hyaluronic acid
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Analgesics
Hyaluronic Acid
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Viscosupplements
Protective Agents