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Total Knee Arthroplasty: Functional and Clinical Outcomes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811563
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 14, 2013
Results First Posted : June 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the differences in functional and patient reported outcomes between total knee replacement (TKA) implants. In addition, this work will examine the correlation between functional assessments and patient reported outcomes following surgery. All subjects will complete assessments preoperatively, 4-6 weeks following TKA and then one year following TKA. Subjects will complete a series of patient reported outcomes as well as a series of functional outcomes at each of the time points of interest. The analysis will include a repeated measures design to determine differences between groups across time as well as correlations between the functional and patient reported outcomes. This work will hopefully determine the importance of using objective functional outcomes following TKA as well as determining the need for patient assessments out to one year following surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Knee Osteoarthritis Device: Zimmer Device: Stryker Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The number differences in subjects analyzed from baseline to 6 weeks to 52 weeks are due to the fact that we did not use the 6 week time point in the final analysis based on the clinical decision that 6 weeks was too early in recovery to provide accurate information for clinical decision making. Therefore the patients used in the final analysis were those subjects who were able to and completed the assessment at pre-op and 1 year post-op which is how we get to the 20 subjects per group.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Clinical and Functional Outcomes Following Total Knee Replacement Using Two Different Implants
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 26, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : February 26, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Knee Replacement

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Stryker
Subjects will be receiving the Stryker Triathlon total knee replacement
Device: Stryker
Active Comparator: Zimmer
Subjects will be receiving a Zimmer NexGen total knee replacement
Device: Zimmer



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) (Dynamic Balance) From Baseline to 6 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative) to 6 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The lower quarter y-balance test (YBT-LQ) is a test of dynamic balance in unilateral stance that has been deemed to be reliable and valid. The YBT-LQ consists of each patient standing on one leg and reaching as far as they can with their non-stance leg in the anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral direction while standing on the other foot on a centralized stance platform. The composite score is calculated as the sum of the three reach directions divided by 3 time the limb length and will be reported as a percentage of limb length.

  2. Change in Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) (Dynamic Balance) From Baseline to 52 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative) to 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The lower quarter y-balance test (YBT-LQ) is a test of dynamic balance in unilateral stance that has been deemed to be reliable and valid. The YBT-LQ consists of each patient standing on one leg and reaching as far as they can with their non-stance leg in the anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral direction while standing on the other foot on a centralized stance platform. The composite score is calculated as the sum of the three reach directions divided by 3 time the limb length and will be reported as a percentage of limb length.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Walking Speed From Baseline to 52 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    Each subject will complete three walking trials at a self-selected comfortable walking speed along a 5 meter walkway in order to record walking speed at each time point.

  2. Walking Speed at 6 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    Each subject will complete three walking trials at a self-selected comfortable walking speed along a 5 meter walkway in order to record walking speed at each time point.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Activity Score From Baseline to 52 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The UCLA activity score is a validated patient reported outcome of overall physical activity. Results on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 is "Wholly Inactive, dependent on others, and can not leave residence" and 10 is "Regularly participates in impact sports".

  2. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Activity Score at 6 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The UCLA activity score is a validated patient reported outcome of overall physical activity. Results on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 is "Wholly Inactive, dependent on others, and can not leave residence" and 10 is "Regularly participates in impact sports".

  3. Change in Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) Total From Baseline to 52 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative) and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The KOOS is a standardized and validated patient outcome score that assesses functional limitation in patient with knee problems. KOOS consists of 5 subscales; Pain, other Symptoms, Function in daily living (ADL), Function in sport and recreation (Sport/Rec) and knee related Quality of life (QOL). The previous week is the time period considered when answering the questions. Standardized answer options are given (5 Likert boxes) and each question is assigned a score from 0 to 4. A normalized score (100 indicating no symptoms and 0 indicating extreme symptoms) is calculated for each subscale.

  4. Change in Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) From 6 Weeks to 52 Weeks Following Total Knee Replacement. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The FJS is a patient reported measure of how bothersome the total joint replacement is for them, how much it affects daily activity and how much they are aware of the implant. The FJS is a 12-question survey regarding functional outcome, pain, stability, daily living, activity and sport. Scoring is from 0 to 4 with 0 as the best outcome; a low score means high satisfaction. Not all questions must be answered to score, all responses are summed and the total is divided by number of completed items multiplied by 25, with the final result subtracted from 100. The score range is from 0 to 100 with the highest score of 100 indicating the best outcome (the joint is completely "forgotten") and 0 indicating the worst outcome.

  5. Knee Society Score (KSS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative), 6 weeks and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The KSS is a patient reported measure of knee function that is specific to patients who are scheduled to receive or have previously had a total knee replacement. This outcome measures both patient reported pain and function changes from prior to surgery through recovery. The score range is from 0 to 100. The highest score of 100 points will be obtained by a well-aligned knee with no pain, 125 degrees of motion, and negligible anteroposterior and mediolateral instability.

  6. Sit to Stand Time [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative), 6 weeks and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The sit to stand test requires patients to stand up and sit down as many times as possible in 10 seconds from a standard arm chair.

  7. Timed Get up and go [ Time Frame: Baseline (Pre-Operative), 6 weeks and 52 weeks following total knee replacement ]
    The timed up and go requires a patient to rise from a chair walk three meters around a piece of tape and return to the chair again as quickly as possible.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients requiring primary total knee replacement
  2. Patients willing and able to comply with the follow-up visits and evaluations
  3. Patients willing to sign informed consent approved by the Institutional Review Board

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with inflammatory arthritis
  2. Patients with diabetic neuropathy
  3. Patients unable to ambulate without the use of an assistive device prior to surgery
  4. Patients unable to stand in single limb stance on each foot prior to surgery.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01811563


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Samuel S Wellman, MD Duke University

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Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811563     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00043737
193447 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Stryker )
First Posted: March 14, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 2, 2017
Last Update Posted: June 2, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Keywords provided by Duke University:
Total Knee Replacement
Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test
Functional Outcomes
Patient Reported Outcomes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis, Knee
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases