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A Pilot Study Assessing the Impact of Gilenya Therapy on Bone Density Change in Relapsing Forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS-BMD)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811290
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 14, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia I. Simnad, MD, Simnad, Virginia, M.D.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess whether Multiple Sclerosis patients treated with Gilenya show a beneficial change over time in bone mass density and bone turnover markers as compared to matched controls treated with alternative FDA approved therapy or no therapy.

Condition or disease
Multiple Sclerosis

Detailed Description:
To assess the effect of Gilenya on the rate of decline in bone mass density and expression of selected bone turnover biomarkers in ambulatory subject with a relapsing form of Multiple Sclerosis compared to control subjects matched for age, race, gender, duration of disease, and disability on an alternative FDA approved disease modifying therapy or no therapy at 24 months compared to baseline.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Single Center Prospective, Open Label, Pilot Study to Assess Change in Bone Mass Density and Select Bone Turnover Biomarkers in Gilenya Treated Versus Non-Gilenya Treated Ambulatory Subjects With a Relapsing Form of Multiple Sclerosis
Study Start Date : January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
Gilenya Subjects
Gilenya therapy group subjects must have been treated with Gilenya a minimum of 3 months uninterrupted prior to screening visit, and approved by the principal investigator to continue on this agent.
Controlled Therapy Group
Control therapy group subjects must have been consistently on an FDA approved disease modifying therapy other than Gilenya or off such therapy a minimum of 6 months prior to screening visit.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess change in bone mass density in subjects taking Gilenya versus subjects taking alternative disease modifying therapy or no therapy. [ Time Frame: baseline and 22 months (96 weeks) ]
    The primary objective of this pilot study will be to assess the effect of Gilenya (fingolimod) on the rate of decline in bone mass density and expression of selected bone turnover biomarkers over 2 years in ambulatory subjects with a relapsing form of Multiple Sclerosis compared to control subjects matched for age, gender, race, duration of disease, and disability on an alternative FDA approved disease modifying therapy or no therapy.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Interim analysis of primary outcome measures [ Time Frame: baseline and 11 months (48 weeks) ]
    Assessment at week 48 of the change from baseline in bone mass density in ambulatory subjects with a relapsing form of MS treated with Gilenya compared to control subjects matched for age, gender, race, duration of disease, and disability on an alternative FDA approved disease modifying therapy or no therapy.

  2. Interim analysis of secondary outcome measures [ Time Frame: baseline and 11 months (48 weeks) ]
    expression of selected bone turnover biomarkers in ambulatory subjects with a relapsing form of Multiple Sclerosis treated with Gilenya compared to control subjects matched for age, gender, race, duration of disease, and disability on an alternative FDA approved disease modifying therapy or no therapy.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Men and women aged 21 or older diagnosed with a relapsing form of Multiple Sclerosis. Minimum age was defined due to the limitations of site's current DXA bone scan software in scanning any person under 21 years of age. A total of 36 subjects will be recruited, with estimated 20% screen failure/early termination to allow for 30 subjects enrolled to complete the study. Racial composition of the regional population (Puget Sound of the Pacific Northwest, USA) from which study candidates will be recruited over-represents Caucasian individuals, and thus this pilot study may not be balanced for race.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • • Male and female subjects, 21 years of age or older.

    • Subjects must be able to give consent by signing and dating an informed consent form (written in English) prior to any study assessments being performed.
    • Ambulatory with an Expanded Disability Status Scale(EDSS) between 2.5 - 6.5 inclusive.
    • Must meet McDonald criteria for a relapsing form (relapsing remitting and secondary progressive) of Multiple Sclerosis.
    • Gilenya therapy group subjects must have been treated with Gilenya a minimum of 3 months uninterrupted prior to screening visit, and approved by the principal investigator to continue on this agent.
    • Control therapy group subjects must have been consistently on an FDA approved disease modifying therapy other than Gilenya or off such therapy a minimum of 6 months prior to screening visit.
    • Subjects must be neurologically stable and have not received any form of steroid therapy for 4 weeks prior to screening visit.
    • Subjects must abide by safety surveillance monitoring studies appropriate to their disease modifying therapy and considered standard of care. Such monitoring will be considered outside the scope of this study.
    • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Subjects must not have been treated with Fingolimod, Gilenya or other experimental Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor agonist therapy in a clinical trial prior to enrollment in this study.

    • Subjects on an FDA approved disease modifying therapy other than Gilenya, or on no therapy, must not have received Gilenya therapy within 12 months of screening visit.
    • Current or previous use of bisphosphonate therapy, estrogen replacement, calcitonin, Depo-Provera, dehydroepiandrosterone, or methotrexate within 12 months of screening visit.
    • Medical contraindication to daily calcium intake of at least 1000 mg daily, and vitamin D3 supplementation of 800 IU daily.
    • Vitamin D insufficiency (25-hydroxy vitamin D level <=30 ng/ml) at the time of baseline visit.
    • Meeting National Osteoporosis Foundation criteria for osteoporosis requiring treatment with study prohibited therapies:
    • History of osteoporosis with baseline Dexa bone scan T score <-1.5 but >-2.0 with one or more risk factors for fracture (age >50 years, current smoking, low Body Mass Index (i.e. < 18.5), previous fragility fracture, parental history of osteoporosis or of fragility fracture of hip, femur, or vertebrae , alcohol consumption greater than 3 units per day, daily glucocorticoid usage).
    • Dexa bone scan T score < -2.0 with or without additional risk factors.
    • Subjects with Body Mass Index >=40 kg/m2 due to artifacts in Body mass density measurement with Dexa unit used.
    • Subjects with anatomical deformities or vertebral fractures that would potentially distort Body mass density measurements.
    • Current diagnosis of parathyroid disorder, untreated hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, renal insufficiency (Glomerular filtration rate- (GFR) <= 55), history of renal calculi or stones, uncontrolled mood disorder, drug or alcohol abuse.
    • Current use of "first generation" anticonvulsant medication (barbiturate, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproate), or of "second generation" anticonvulsant levetiracetam (implicated recently in accelerated bone density loss). Stable use of "second generation" anticonvulsant medication (gabapentin, pregabalin, lamotrigine, topiramate, lacosamide, zonisamide, oxcarbazepine) for symptoms management will be acceptable. Stable use of dopamine reuptake inhibitor class, Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors, Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor antidepressant therapies will be allowed.
    • Continuous or "pulsed" treatment with a corticosteroid for any medical condition. Brief therapy with intravenous methylprednisolone 1 gram for 3-5 days with no oral taper, for a confirmed neurological relapse will be allowed.
    • Subjects must not have any unstable medical or psychiatric condition per the judgment of the principal investigator which would risk safety or completion of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01811290


Locations
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United States, Washington
MS Center at Evergreen Health
Kirkland, Washington, United States, 98034
Sponsors and Collaborators
Simnad, Virginia, M.D.
Novartis
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Virginia I Simnad, MD Evergreen Hospital

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Responsible Party: Virginia I. Simnad, MD, Simnad, Virginia I. MD Medical Director, Simnad, Virginia, M.D.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01811290     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MS-BMD
First Posted: March 14, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Fingolimod Hydrochloride
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs