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Trial record 83 of 405 for:    ARIPIPRAZOLE

Aripiprazole Once-monthly Versus Paliperidone Palmitate in Adult Patients With Schizophrenia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01795547
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 20, 2013
Results First Posted : December 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lundbeck A/S

Brief Summary:
To assess the effectiveness of aripiprazole once-monthly in the maintenance treatment of patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR®), in a naturalistic care setting by comparing it to an existing long-acting antipsychotic, paliperidone palmitate.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Drug: Aripiprazole and aripiprazole once-monthly Drug: Paliperidone and paliperidone palmitate Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 295 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 28-week, Randomised, Open-label Study Evaluating the Effectiveness of Aripiprazole Once-monthly Versus Paliperidone Palmitate in Adult Patients With Schizophrenia
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aripiprazole and aripiprazole once-monthly Drug: Aripiprazole and aripiprazole once-monthly
Oral aripiprazole tablets according to Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC)/United States Prescription Information (USPI) daily for 4 weeks followed by the 1st aripiprazole intramuscular (IM) injection at the end of Week 4. Oral tablets were taken for 2 more weeks after the 1st injection. Starting at the end of Week 8, additional injections were given every 4 weeks until Week 24.
Other Names:
  • Aripiprazole: Abilify®
  • Aripiprazole (extended-release injectable suspension): Abilify Maintena®

Active Comparator: Paliperidone and paliperidone palmitate Drug: Paliperidone and paliperidone palmitate
Oral paliperidone tablets according to SmPC/USPI daily for 3 weeks followed by 2 paliperidone palmitate IM injections at Weeks 3 and 4, respectively. Starting at the end of Week 8, additional injections were given every 4 weeks until Week 24.
Other Names:
  • Paliperidone: Invega®
  • Paliperidone palmitate: Xeplion® or Invega® Sustenna®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in Quality of Life Scale (QLS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The QLS is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess deficit symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning during the preceding 4 weeks. The QLS consists of 21 items in 4 domains: Interpersonal Relations (eight items), Instrumental Role (four items), Intrapsychic Foundations (seven items), and Common Objects and Activities (two items). Each item was rated on a 7-point scale, from 0 (severe impairment) to 6 (normal or unimpaired functioning). Definitions were provided for 4 anchor points of the 7 points. Each item had a brief description of the judgement to be made and a set of suggested probes for the clinician. The total score was calculated as the sum of all 21 items giving a range of 0 to 126, where the higher score indicated normal or unimpaired functioning.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Investigator's Assessment Questionnaire (IAQ) Total Score at Week 28 [ Time Frame: Week 28 ]
    The IAQ is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess the relative effectiveness (efficacy, safety and tolerability) of antipsychotic medications in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The IAQ consists of 12 items: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, other efficacy symptoms, cognition, energy, mood, somnolence, weight gain, signs and symptoms of prolactin elevation, akathisia, EPS (other than akathisia) and other safety or tolerability issues. For each item, the current medication was compared with previous antipsychotic medication on a five-point scale from 1 (Much better) to 5 (Much worse), or that item is Not applicable. The sum of the 12 items ranged from 12 (the current medication was much better than previous antipsychotic medication) to 60 (the current medication was much worse than previous antipsychotic medication).

  2. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in CGI-S Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    Clinical Global Impression - Severity of Illness (CGI-S) score provides the clinician's impression of the patient's current state of mental illness. The clinician uses his or her clinical experience of this patient population to rate the severity of the patient's current mental illness on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (normal - not at all ill) to 7 (among the most extremely ill patients).

  3. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in the 'Common Objects and Activities' QLS Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The QLS is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess deficit symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning during the preceding 4 weeks. The QLS consists of 21 items in 4 domains: Interpersonal Relations (eight items), Instrumental Role (four items), Intrapsychic Foundations (seven items), and Common Objects and Activities (two items). Each item was rated on a 7-point scale, from 0 (severe impairment) to 6 (normal or unimpaired functioning). The Common Objects and Activities domain score was calculated as the sum of 2 items (numbers 18 and 19) giving a range of 0 to 12, where the higher score indicated less unimpaired functioning.

  4. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in the 'Intrapsychic Foundations' QLS Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The QLS is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess deficit symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning during the preceding 4 weeks. The QLS consists of 21 items in 4 domains: Interpersonal Relations (eight items), Instrumental Role (four items), Intrapsychic Foundations (seven items), and Common Objects and Activities (two items). Each item was rated on a 7-point scale, from 0 (severe impairment) to 6 (normal or unimpaired functioning). The Intrapsychic Foundations domain score was calculated as the sum of 7 items (numbers 13 to 17 and 20 and 21) giving a range of 0 to 42, where the higher score indicated less unimpaired functioning.

  5. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in the 'Interpersonal Relations' QLS Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The QLS is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess deficit symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning during the preceding 4 weeks. The QLS consists of 21 items in 4 domains: Interpersonal Relations (eight items), Instrumental Role (four items), Intrapsychic Foundations (seven items), and Common Objects and Activities (two items). Each item was rated on a 7-point scale, from 0 (severe impairment) to 6 (normal or unimpaired functioning). The Interpersonal Relations domain score was calculated as the sum of 8 items (numbers 1 to 8) giving a range of 0 to 48, where the higher score indicated less unimpaired functioning.

  6. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in the 'Instrumental Role' QLS Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The QLS is a clinician-rated scale designed to assess deficit symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning during the preceding 4 weeks. The QLS consists of 21 items in 4 domains: Interpersonal Relations (eight items), Instrumental Role (four items), Intrapsychic Foundations (seven items), and Common Objects and Activities (two items). Each item was rated on a 7-point scale, from 0 (severe impairment) to 6 (normal or unimpaired functioning). The Instrumental Role domain score was calculated as the sum of 4 items (numbers 9 to 12) giving a range of 0 to 24, where the higher score indicated less unimpaired functioning.

  7. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in SWN-S Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    The SWN-S is a patient-rated scale designed to measure subjective effects of neuroleptic drugs to psychopathology, quality of life, and compliance over the past 7 days. The 20 items (10 positive and 10 negative statements) are grouped in 5 subscales (mental functioning, self-control, physical functioning, emotional regulation and social integration). Each subscale contains 4 items. Each item was rated on a six-point Likert scale, from not at all to very much. A score was calculated for each subscale, and the total score ranged from 20 to 120, where the higher score indicated better well-being.

  8. Change From Baseline to Week 28 in the TooL Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    Tolerability and Quality of Life (TooL) is a patient-rated scale developed to measure the impact of side-effects on the quality of life in patients treated with antipsychotic medication. The TooL consists of 8 domains: mood (worry-upset), function capabilities, fatigue-weakness, weight gain, stiffness-tremor, physical restlessness, sexual dysfunction, and dizziness-nausea. Each domain was rated on a four-point scale from 1 (no impact) to 4 (maximum impact). Total scores ranged from 8 (no impact) to 32 (maximum impact).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Main Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has schizophrenia, diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR®.
  • The patient has a CGI-S score from mildly ill to markedly ill at the Screening and Baseline Visit(s).
  • The patient is in need of a change in the current antipsychotic treatment and in the judgement of the investigator the patient would benefit from an extended treatment with a once-monthly formulation.
  • The patient agrees to protocol-defined use of effective contraception.

Main Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has any current psychiatric disorder or Axis I disorder (DSM-IV® criteria) other than schizophrenia established as the primary diagnosis.
  • The patient is experiencing acute exacerbation of psychotic symptoms at the Screening Visit or between the Screening and Baseline Visits.
  • The patient in the investigator's judgment has shown significant intolerance and/or lack of efficacy to oral aripiprazole, paliperidone or risperidone.
  • The patient is at significant risk of harming himself/herself or others according to the investigator's judgement or according to Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS).
  • The patient has a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
  • The patient has or has had significant medical condition that would expose him or her to an undue risk of a significant adverse event or interfere with assessments of safety or efficacy during the course of the study including, but not limited to neurological, hepatic, renal, metabolic, haematological, immunological, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, or cardiovascular disorders.
  • The patient has a disease or takes medication that could, in the investigator's opinion, interfere with the assessments of safety, tolerability, or efficacy, or interfere with the conduct or interpretation of the study.
  • The patient is, in the investigator's opinion, unlikely to comply with the protocol or is unsuitable for any reason.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01795547


Locations
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United States, California
US002
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90660
US006
San Diego, California, United States, 92102
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lundbeck A/S
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Investigators
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Study Director: Email contact via H. Lundbeck A/S LundbeckClinicalTrials@lundbeck.com

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: H. Lundbeck A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01795547     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14724A
2012-002785-12 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 3, 2015
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Aripiprazole
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Paliperidone Palmitate
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Agonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Agents
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Antagonists
Serotonin Antagonists
Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists
Dopamine Antagonists