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Trial record 46 of 371 for:    LENALIDOMIDE AND Dexamethasone

Pomalidomide or Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Previously Treated With Lenalidomide

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01794039
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 18, 2013
Results First Posted : August 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well pomalidomide and dexamethasone work compared to lenalidomide and dexamethasone in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has returned after a period of improvement (relapsed) or did not respond to previous treatment with lenalidomide (refractory). Pomalidomide and lenalidomide may help the immune system kill cancer cells and may also prevent the growth of new blood vessels that tumors need to grow. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Dexamethasone may also help pomalidomide and lenalidomide work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the drugs. It is not yet known whether pomalidomide and dexamethasone or lenalidomide and dexamethasone are effective in treating patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Pomalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the confirmed response rate of the combination of lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed myeloma who have previously become refractory to lenalidomide. (Arm A) II. To assess the confirmed response rate of the combination of pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed myeloma who have previously become refractory to lenalidomide. (Arm B)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the toxicity in each arm in patients with relapsed myeloma who have previously received lenalidomide.

II. To assess the response rates with pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients relapsing on lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Arm A) III. To assess time to progression and overall survival with each approach.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing progressive disease may crossover to arm B.

ARM B: Patients receive pomalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone as in arm A. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase 2 Trial of Retreatment With Pomalidomide or Lenalidomide With Dexamethasone for Patients With Relapsed Myeloma
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A (lenalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing progressive disease may crossover to arm B.
Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Experimental: Arm B (pomalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive pomalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone as in arm A. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Pomalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 4-Aminothalidomide
  • Actimid
  • CC-4047
  • Pomalyst




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Confirmed Tumor Responses Defined to be a Partial Response or Better Noted as the Objective Status on Two Consecutive Evaluations [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The proportion of successes will be estimated in each arm independently by the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated according to the approach of Duffy and Santner. A confirmed tumor response is defined to be a partial response or better noted as the objective status on two consecutive evaluations while receiving lenalidomide and dexmethasone (Arm A) or pomalidomide and dexamethasone (Arm B). All patients meeting the eligibility criteria who have signed a consent form and have begun treatment will be evaluable for response.The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) uniform response criteria (Rajkumar et al, 2011) will be used to assess response to therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events, Graded According to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last day of study drug treatment ]
    Recorded and reported for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine adverse event patterns. These results are reported in the Adverse Events section of this CT.gov report.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Due to an early closer from slow accrual the data from both arms was combined in survival analysis.

  3. Time to Progression [ Time Frame: Time from registration to the earliest date with documentation of disease progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The distribution of time to progression will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) uniform response criteria (Rajkumar et al, 2011) will be used to assess response to therapy.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1000uL
  • (Untransfused) platelet count >= 50000/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
  • Relapsed myeloma that previously became refractory to lenalidomide, after initial response of partial response or better to the drug; refractory is defined as progression on treatment with a dose of at least 10 mg daily for lenalidomide; greater than or equal to 180 days must have elapsed since previous lenalidomide therapy was stopped
  • Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:

    • Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL
    • >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >= 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
    • Monoclonal bone marrow plasmacytosis >= 30% (evaluable disease)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • Previously treated; NOTE: no limit to prior therapy provided there is adequate residual organ function
  • Provide informed written consent
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)* must have a negative serum pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours prior to prescribing lenalidomide for cycle 1 (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days as required by Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy [REMS]), and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy; all study participants must be registered into the Revlimid REMS program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of Revlimid REMS program

    • A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Willing to return to Mayo Clinic enrolling institution for follow-up

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Residual toxicity of > grade 1 from prior therapy
  • Other active malignancy < 1 year prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: if there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], or abstinence, etc.)
  • Other co-morbidity which would interfere with patient's ability to participate in trial, e.g. uncontrolled infection, uncompensated heart or lung disease
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational; NOTE: bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy, and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment
  • New York Heart Association classification III or IV
  • Diagnosed active deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that has not been therapeutically anticoagulated

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01794039


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shaji Kumar Mayo Clinic

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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01794039     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1187
NCI-2013-00412 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
12-006426
MCCC Add 1
MC1187 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 21, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 21, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Lenalidomide
BB 1101
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Thalidomide
Pomalidomide
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal