Working… Menu

Efficacy of First Line DRC +/- Bortezomib for Patients With Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01788020
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 11, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 12, 2020
Centre Hospitalier de Lens, Unité de Recherche Clinique, Lens (Co-Sponsor)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christian Buske, University of Ulm

Brief Summary:
In Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) conventional chemotherapy induces only low CR rates and responses of short duration compared to other indolent lymphomas. Thus innovative approaches are needed which combine excellent activity and tolerability in patients with WM, who are mostly of advanced age. The immunochemotherapy DRC (dexamethasone, rituximab, cyclophosphamide) was shown to be highly effective in patients with WM without inducing major hematological toxicities. On the other hand the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib showed substantial activity as a single agent in WM with only very few side effects when given in a weekly schedule. Based on these observations it is the aim of this study to test whether the efficacy of the well tolerated DRC regime can be further improved by adding Bortezomib.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia Drug: Dexamethasone, Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide Drug: Dexamethasone, Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is defined by a bone marrow infiltration by lymphoplasmacytic cells and the presence of a monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) M gammopathy in the peripheral blood. The clinical understanding of the disease has been greatly improved by the identification of internationally recognized criteria for initiating therapy, the description of an international prognostic index for patients requiring a first-line therapy and the definition of response criteria. These criteria are mainly based on the evolution of serum IgM concentration. However, delayed IgM monoclonal protein responses may cause important difficulties in response assessment. In addition, discrepancies between the kinetics of serum M protein reduction and the clearance of monoclonal B-cells from the bone marrow have been reported. Despite continuing advances in the therapy of WM, the disease remains incurable with a median survival of 5 to 8 years from the time of diagnosis thereby necessitating the development and evaluation of novel treatment approaches.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 202 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of First Line Dexamethasone, Rituximab and Cyclophosphamide (DRC) +/- Bortezomib for Patients With Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia
Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DRC+Bortezomib

Induction experimental arm (Arm B):

Cycle 1-6:

Bortezomib 1.6 mg/m2 s.c. Day 1,8,15 Dexamethasone 20 mg p.o. Day 1 Rituximab 375 mg/m2 i.v. Day 1 Cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 x 2 p.o. Day 1-5 Repeat day 29.

Drug: Dexamethasone, Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib
Active Comparator: DRC

Induction standard arm (Arm A)

Cycle 1-6:

Dexamethasone 20 mg p.o. Day 1 Rituximab 375 mg/m2 i.v. Day 1 Cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 x 2 p.o. Day 1-5 Repeat day 29.

Drug: Dexamethasone, Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: participants will be followed for their participation in the trial, an expected average of 5.5 years ]
    PFS will be calculated from the date of inclusion to the stopping date or the date of progression, the date of last follow-up or the date of death if they occurred earlier.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Response rate [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The complete response rate (CR) is evaluated after the end of induction treatment.

  2. Time to treatment failure [ Time Frame: participants will be followed for their participation in the trial, an expected average of 5.5 years ]
    Time to treatment failure (TTF) is defined as the time from start of induction to stable disease, progression or death from any cause. Patients alive without treatment failure are censored at the latest tumor assessment date. TTF may also be calculated from induction randomization.

  3. Remission duration [ Time Frame: participants will be followed for their participation in the trial (from date of response), an expected average of 5 years ]
    Remission duration will be calculated in patients with response (CR, VGPR, PR, MR) to induction from end of induction to the date of progression, relapse or death from any cause. Patients alive without progression and relapse will be censored at the latest tumor assessment date.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: participants will be followed for their participation in the trial, an expected average of 5.5 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the period from the induction randomization to death from any cause. Patients who have not died until the time of the analysis will be censored at their last contact date. Additionally, overall survival from start of treatment to death from any cause may be analyzed.

  5. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The overall response (CR, VGPR, PR, MR) rates are evaluated after the end of induction treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Clinicopathological diagnosis of WM as defined by consensus panel one of the Second International Workshop on WM. Pathological diagnosis has to occur before study inclusion and randomization. In addition, pathological specimens have to be sent to the national pathological reference center at study inclusion and randomization. The positivity for CD20 can be assumed from any previous bone marrow immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry analysis performed up to 6 months prior to enrollment. Inclusion in the study will be based on morphological and immunological criteria. Immunophenotyping will be performed in each center and saved locally. Flow cytometry of bone marrow and blood cells will include at least one double staining and assess the expression of the following antigens: surface immunoglobulin, CD19, CD20, CD5, CD10 and CD23. Patients are eligible if tumor cells express the following antigens: CD19, CD20, and if they are negative for CD5, CD10 and CD23 expression. Patients with tumor cells positive for CD5 and/or CD23 and morphologically similar to WM cells may be included after ruling out other low grade B-cell malignancies.

  • Presence of at least one criterion for initiation of therapy, according to the 2nd Workshop on WM:

    • Recurrent fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue
    • Hyperviscosity
    • Lymphadenopathy which is either symptomatic or bulky (≥5 cm in maximum diameter)
    • Symptomatic hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly
    • Symptomatic organomegaly and/or organ or tissue infiltration
    • Peripheral neuropathy due to WM
    • Symptomatic cryoglobulinemia
    • Cold agglutinin anemia
    • IgM related immune hemolytic anemia and/or thrombocytopenia
    • Nephropathy related to WM
    • Amyloidosis related to WM
    • Hemoglobin ≤10g/dL
    • Platelet count <100x109/L
    • Serum monoclonal protein >5g/dL, even with no overt clinical symptoms Cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) score less than 6
  • World Health Organization (WHO)/ECOG performance status 0 to 2.
  • Other criteria:

    • Age ≥ than 18 years
    • Life expectancy >3 months.
    • Baseline platelet count ≥ 50 ×109/L, absolute neutrophil count ≥ 0.75×109/L (if not due to BM infiltration by the lymphoma).
    • Meet the following pretreatment laboratory criteria at the Screening visit conducted within 28 days of study enrollment:

      • ASAT (SGOT): ≤3 times the upper limit of institutional laboratory normal value
      • ALAT (SGPT): ≤3 times the upper limit of institutional laboratory normal value
      • Total Bilirubin: ≤20 mg/L or 2 times the upper limit of institutional laboratory normal value, unless clearly related to the disease (except if due to Gilbert's syndrome)
      • Serum creatinine: ≤ 2mg/dl
  • Premenopausal fertile females must agree to use a highly effective method of birth control for the duration of the therapy up to 6 months after end of therapy. A highly effective method of birth control is defined as those which result in a low failure rate (i.e. less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly such as implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some IUDs, sexual abstinence or vasectomised partner.
  • Men must agree not to father a child for the duration of therapy and 6 months after and must agree to advice a female partner to use a highly effective method of birth control.
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Prior systemic treatment of the WM (plasmapheresis and short- term administration of corticosteroids < 4 weeks administered at a dose equivalent to < 20 mg/day prednisone is allowed)
  • Patient with hypersensitivity to dexamethasone.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection
  • Active HIV, HBV or HCV infection
  • Known interstitial lung disease
  • Prior allergic reaction or severe anaphylactic reaction related to humanized or murine monoclonal antibody.
  • Central Nervous System involvement by lymphoma
  • Prior history of malignancies unless the subject has been free of the disease for ≥ 5 years. Exceptions include the following:

    • Basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
    • Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin,
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix,
    • Carcinoma in situ of the breast,
    • Incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer (TNM stage of T1a or T1b).
  • Uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to:

    • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus mellitus (as indicated by metabolic derangements and/or severe diabetes mellitus related uncontrolled organ complications)
    • Chronic symptomatic congestive heart failure (Class NYHA III or IV).
    • Unstable angina pectoris, angioplasty, stenting, or myocardial infarction within 6 months
    • Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia that is symptomatic or requires treatment, or asymptomatic sustained ventricular tachycardia.
    • Known pericardial disease
  • Subjects with ≥ Grade 2 neuropathy.
  • Women who are pregnant as well as women who are breastfeeding and do not consent to discontinue breast-feeding.
  • Participation in another clinical trial within four weeks before randomization in this study
  • No consent for registration, storage and processing of the individual disease-characteristics and course as well as information of the family physician about study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01788020

Layout table for location information
University Hospital Ulm
Ulm, Germany, 89081
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Ulm
Centre Hospitalier de Lens, Unité de Recherche Clinique, Lens (Co-Sponsor)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Martin Dreyling, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Germany University Hospital Großhadern, Munich
Principal Investigator: Veronique Leblond, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Groupe Hospitalier Pitié Salpêtrière France (Paris)
Principal Investigator: Pierre Morel, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Centre Hospitalier Schaffner France (Lens cedex)
Principal Investigator: Garcia Sanz, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - University Hospital Salamanca Spain
Principal Investigator: Maria da Silva, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Portuguese Institute of Oncology Portugal
Principal Investigator: Marie José Kersten, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - The Netherlands Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam
Principal Investigator: Roger Owen, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - St James's University Hospital UK
Principal Investigator: Meletios Dimopoulos, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - University of Athens School of Medicine Athens Greece
Principal Investigator: Alessandra Tedeschi, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator -Dirigente Medico, Divisione Ematologia Milano Italy
Principal Investigator: Eva Kimby, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Sweden, Denmark, Norway Hematology and Internal Medicine Karolinska Institutet Stockholm Sweden
Principal Investigator: Roman Hajek, MD National Co-Coordinating Investigator - Department of Haematooncology Ostrava Czech Republic
Study Chair: Wolfram Klapper, MD Coordinator Pathology (Germany) Department of Pathology Kiel
Study Chair: Sylvie Chevret Central Statistics (France)Department of Biostatistics and Medical Information,Hôpital Saint Louis, Paris
Study Director: Christian Buske, MD Coordinating Investigator Germany University Hospital Ulm
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Christian Buske, Prof. Dr. med. Christian Buske, University of Ulm Identifier: NCT01788020    
Other Study ID Numbers: ECWM-1
2013-000506-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 11, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 12, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by Christian Buske, University of Ulm:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
BB 1101
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists