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Itraconazole in Treating Patients With Biochemically Relapsed Prostate Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01787331
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2013
Results First Posted : October 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well itraconazole works in treating patients with biochemically relapsed prostate cancer. Itraconazole may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Adenocarcinoma Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma Stage I Prostate Adenocarcinoma AJCC v7 Stage II Prostate Adenocarcinoma AJCC v7 Stage III Prostate Adenocarcinoma AJCC v7 Drug: Itraconazole Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the proportion of patients who achieve a >= 50% decline in serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after 12 weeks of protocol therapy with itraconazole dosed at 300 mg orally (PO) twice daily (BID) is superior to a historical control based upon the observed PSA response proportion in prior studies of non-castrating systemic therapy in men with biochemically relapsed hormone sensitive prostate cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the median time to PSA progression from the start of protocol therapy with itraconazole among men with biochemically relapsed prostate cancer.

II. To determine the median time to clinical progression measured from the start of protocol therapy with itraconazole among men with biochemically relapsed prostate cancer.

III. To determine the median metastasis-free survival measured from the start of protocol therapy in patients treated with itraconazole for biochemically relapsed prostate cancer.

IV. To determine the mean percent change from baseline after 12 weeks of protocol therapy compared with pre-treatment in PSA doubling time.

V. To characterize the safety profile of itraconazole in the biochemically relapsed hormone sensitive prostate cancer population, as graded by Common Toxicity Criteria (CTCAE) version 4.03. All adverse events will be tabulated by grade according to the worst grade experienced.

VI. To determine the mean steady-state itraconazole and hydroxy-itraconazole serum levels after 4 weeks of therapy with itraconazole.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hedgehog Inhibition as a Non-Castrating Approach to Hormone Sensitive Prostate Cancer: A Phase II Study of Itraconazole in Biochemical Relapse
Actual Study Start Date : October 29, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 30, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (itraconazole)
Patients receive twice/day 300mg itraconazole (oral)
Drug: Itraconazole
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Lozanoc
  • Oriconazole
  • R 51,211
  • Sporanox

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients Who Achieve a Greater Than or Equal to 50% Decline in Serum Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks after start of treatment ]
    The number of patients with biochemically relapsed disease after prior definitive local therapy who achieve a ≥ 50% decline from baseline in serum PSA after 12 weeks of therapy with itraconazole, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Time to PSA Progression [ Time Frame: From day 1 of study treatment to the first date of PSA progression, assessed up to 2 years ]

    PSA progression defined as:

    1. If no PSA decline is observed on therapy, PSA progression will be defined as an increase in serum PSA > 50% above the baseline PSA, and an absolute increase of > 2 ng/mL above baseline, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later.
    2. If PSA declines on therapy, PSA progression will be defined as an increase in serum PSA > 50% above the nadir PSA on therapy, and an absolute increase > 2 ng/mL above the nadir, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later.

    The probability distribution of the time to PSA progression will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method measured from the start of protocol therapy. The results will be summarized by the estimated median with 95% confidence intervals.


  2. Median Time to Clinical Progression [ Time Frame: From day 1 of protocol therapy to first occurrence of either development of overt metastases or initiation of non-protocol therapy, whichever comes first, assessed up to 2 years ]

    Clinical progression will be defined as the first occurrence of either the development of metastases or initiation of non-protocol therapy, and will exclude PSA-only progression.

    The probability distribution of the time to clinical progression will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method measured from the time of start of protocol therapy. The results will be summarized by the estimated median with 95% confidence intervals.


  3. Median Metastasis-free Survival [ Time Frame: From the time of start of protocol therapy to development of metastatic disease, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The probability distribution of the time to first metastasis will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method measured from the time of start of protocol therapy. The results will be summarized by the estimated median with 95% confidence intervals.

  4. Mean Percent Change in PSA Doubling Time [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 12 weeks of therapy ]
    The mean percent change in PSA doubling time after 12 weeks of protocol therapy from pre-treatment PSA doubling time.

  5. Adverse Events Observed During Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    All adverse events will be tabulated by grade according to CTCAE version 4.03. Reported grades will be based on the worst grade experienced by each patient for any given adverse event.

  6. Mean Steady-state Trough Level of Serum Itraconazole [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after start of therapy ]
    Descriptive statistics including the mean, standard deviation, and range of steady-state trough serum levels of itraconazole and its active metabolite hydroxy-itraconazole will be determined.

  7. Mean Steady-state Trough Level of Hydroxy-itraconazole [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after start of therapy ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Biochemically relapsed disease with a rising PSA on at least two successive measurements at least two weeks apart after prior definitive local therapy (radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation, or brachytherapy) or combination of radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy (RT) with curative intent; if the confirmatory PSA value is less than the screening PSA value, then an additional test for rising PSA will be required to documents progression
  • Prior primary or salvage radiation or not a candidate for salvage radiation due to patient preference or clinical assessment based upon disease characteristics and/or patient co-morbidities
  • Minimum PSA:

    • If no prior androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for biochemical relapse:

      • 1.0 ng/mL if prior radical prostatectomy with or without adjuvant/salvage radiation therapy, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later, or
      • Nadir + 2 ng/mL if prior RT alone without prior radical prostatectomy, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later
    • If prior ADT for biochemical relapse:

      • 4.0 ng/mL or > 2 ng/mL above nadir on prior cycle of ADT, whichever is higher, confirmed by repeat measurement at least 2 weeks later
  • No evidence of metastatic disease on imaging by whole body bone scan (technetium-99 or sodium fluoride [Na-F] positron emission tomography [PET] bone scan) and cross-sectional imaging of the abdomen/pelvis (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) within 6 weeks of day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Prior androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist and/or antagonist allowed for either (neo)adjuvant treatment with local therapy or for biochemical relapse
  • Last effective dose of LHRH agonist/antagonist ?expired? > 3 months prior to study entry; for example, a patient receiving LHRH agonist injection every 3 months would be eligible provided their last injection was > 6 months prior to day 1 of protocol therapy; a patient receiving LHRH agonist injections every 4 months will be eligible provided last injection was > 7 months prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Serum testosterone level:

    • If no prior androgen deprivation therapy:

      • A single measurement greater than 150 ng/dL within 3 months of day 1 of protocol therapy
    • If prior androgen deprivation therapy (either in adjuvant or biochemical relapse setting):

      • The two most recent measurements of serum testosterone prior to day 1 of protocol therapy must fulfill the following criteria:

        • Both measurements are greater than 150 ng/dL
        • The two measurements are spaced at least 14 days apart
        • Both must be measured within 3 months of day 1 of protocol therapy
        • There must not be an increase of > 50 ng/dL between these two successive measurements
  • PSA doubling time (PSADT) =< 15 months, calculated based upon all serum PSA measurements obtained within 3 months prior to day 1 of protocol therapy, with a minimum of three PSA measurements spaced at least 14 days apart ; PSA values obtained when serum testosterone was known to be less than 150 ng/dL, prior to local therapy, or within three months of last dose of LHRH agonist/antagonist or antiandrogen will be excluded from the calculation of the PSADT
  • Total bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN), or less than 3 times ULN at study entry in a patient with documented Gilbert?s disease
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels less than 1.5 times ULN at study entry
  • Serum potassium greater than 3.5 mmol/L without oral supplementation
  • No history of uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure > 160/100 mm Hg despite anti-hypertensive medication)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Estimated life expectancy greater than 5 years
  • Ability to sign written informed consent
  • Ability to swallow study drug whole as a capsule
  • Primary prostate cancer tissue available for analysis is not required for inclusion onto this study but is strongly encouraged
  • Patients who have partners of childbearing potential must be willing to use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection as determined to be acceptable by the principal investigator and sponsor during the study and for 1 week after last study drug administration

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Castrate-resistant disease, as evidenced by either:

    • Rising PSA on 2 consecutive measurements at least 2 weeks apart with concurrent documented serum testosterone < 50 ng/dL at the time of PSA measurement, or
    • Rising PSA on 2 consecutive measurements at least 2 weeks apart measured within 3 months after last LHRH agonist/antagonist injection
  • Prior bilateral orchiectomy
  • Congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or higher severity at study entry
  • History of chronic active hepatitis
  • Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy at the time of study entry
  • Use of 5-alpha reductase antagonist (i.e. finasteride, dutasteride) or antiandrogen (i.e. flutamide, bicalutamide) within 6 weeks of day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Use of systemic steroids at an equivalent dose of prednisone 5 mg/day or higher within 6 weeks of day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Use of medications or herbal supplements which are known to potentially lower serum PSA within 6 weeks of day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Use of other medications that may potentially interact with itraconazole within 1 week of study entry
  • Use of other investigational agents within 6 weeks of day 1 of protocol therapy
  • Prior pathology consistent with small cell carcinoma or prostate cancer with predominantly neuroendocrine differentiation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01787331


Locations
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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rahul Aggarwal, MD University of California, San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of California, San Francisco:

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Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01787331     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 125513
NCI-2013-02375 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: February 8, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 23, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 23, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Itraconazole
Hydroxyitraconazole
Prostatic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors