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VEGFR/PDGFR Dual Kinase Inhibitor X-82 and Everolimus for Treating Patients With Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01784861
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 6, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
This study is to evaluate the combination of an investigational drug X-82 with everolimus in the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma Pancreatic Neoplasms Drug: X-82 Drug: Everolimus Procedure: Blood draws for pharmacokinetic testing Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of X-82, an Oral Anti-VEGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, With Everolimus for Patients With Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : May 3, 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Level 0
  • X-82 100 mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • Everolimus and X-82 should be taken at the same time every day
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: Dose Level 1
  • X-82 150 mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • Everolimus and X-82 should be taken at the same time every day
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: Dose Level 2
  • X-82 200 mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • Everolimus and X-82 should be taken at the same time every day
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: Phase II Dose
  • X-82 (dose determined by Phase I portion to be 300 mg) mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: Dose Level 3
  • X-82 300 mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • Everolimus and X-82 should be taken at the same time every day
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: Dose Level 4
  • Everolimus 10mg by mouth once daily for each cycle MUST BE TAKEN FIRST
  • X-82 400 mg by mouth once daily 2 HOURS AFTER everolimus dose
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Experimental: PK Expansion Renal Cell Carcinoma - Group A
  • Everolimus 10 mg by mouth once daily for each cycle (MUST BE TAKEN FIRST)
  • X-82 (dose determined by Phase I portion to be 300 mg) mg by mouth once daily 2 HOURS AFTER everolimus dose
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Procedure: Blood draws for pharmacokinetic testing
Experimental: PK Expansion Renal Cell Carcinoma - Group B
  • Everolimus 10 mg by mouth once daily for each cycle (MUST BE TAKEN FIRST)
  • X-82 (dose determined by Phase I portion to be 300 mg) mg by mouth once daily 4 HOURS AFTER everolimus dose
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Procedure: Blood draws for pharmacokinetic testing
Experimental: PK Expansion Renal Cell Carcinoma - Group C
  • Everolimus 10 mg by mouth once daily for each cycle
  • X-82 (dose determined by Phase I portion to be 300 mg) mg by mouth once daily
  • Everolimus and X-82 MUST BE TAKEN AT THE SAME TIME
  • 28 days =1 cycle
Drug: X-82
Other Names:
  • Afinitor®
  • Afinitor Disperz®

Drug: Everolimus
Other Names:
  • Zortress®
  • RAD001

Procedure: Blood draws for pharmacokinetic testing



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose limiting toxicities - Phase I [ Time Frame: Completion of 1st cycle for all patients on dose escalation ]
    Tolerability of X-82 in combination with everolimus will be determined by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0)

  2. Overall Toxicities - Phase I [ Time Frame: 30 days after completion of treatment ]
    Tolerability of X-82 in combination with everolimus will be determined by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0)

  3. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) - Phase I [ Time Frame: Completion of 1st cycle for all patients on dose escalation ]
    Tolerability of X-82 in combination with everolimus will be determined by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0)

  4. Objective response rate (complete response + partial response) - Phase II Pancreatic Cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]

    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.

    Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Stabilization Rate - Phase II Pancreatic Cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Disease stabilization rate is defined as the proportion of patients achieving a best overall response of complete response, partial response, or stable disease.

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) - Phase II Pancreatic Cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.

  3. Overall Survival - Phase II Pancreatic Cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Start of the treatment until death.

  4. Toxicity - Phase II Pancreatic Cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Tolerability of X-82 in combination with everolimus will be determined by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Phase I and PK Expansion Cohort Inclusion Criteria

  • Phase I Patients: Histologic documentation of a solid malignancy and has exhausted available standard medical treatments or has no standard treatments currently available. This includes primary brain tumors.
  • PK Expansion Patients: Histologic documentation of locally unresectable or metastatic renal cell carcinoma not currently amenable to surgery, radiation, or other therapy with curative intent.
  • Measurable or nonmeasurable disease per RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • ECOG performance status of 0-1
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Granulocytes ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
    • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present)
    • Urine protein ≤ 1+ OR urine protein to creatinine ratio ≤ 1; if UPC ratio is > 1 on urinalysis, then 24-hour urine collection for protein must be obtained and level must be < 1,000 mg for patient enrollment.
  • QTcF < 450 ms.
  • Normal LVEF.
  • Recovery from any major or minor surgeries.
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • Able to understand and willing to sign written informed consent document.

Phase II Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologic documentation of well differentiated or moderately differentiated locally unresectable or metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor from either a primary or metastatic site with documented disease progression ≤ 12 months prior to enrollment whose disease is not currently amenable to surgery, radiation, or other modality therapy with curative intent. If different histologic classification schemes are used, equivalent histologic classifications (for example "grade 1," "low grade," or "intermediate grade") are allowed. There must be histologic documentation of a pancreatic primary site or clinical evidence of a pancreatic neuroendocrine primary tumor as determined by the treating physician. Documentation from a metastatic site is sufficient if there is clinical evidence of a pancreatic primary site. In the case of discordant pathology, patient eligibility will be determined by the PI after review of available records. Patients with neuroendocrine tumors (e.g., gastrinoma, VIPoma) in whom a pancreatic or peripancreatic primary site is strongly suspected are also eligible.
  • Evidence of measurable disease per RECIST 1.1. Measurable disease is defined as lesions that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 2 cm with conventional techniques or as ≥ 1 cm with spiral CT scan.
  • There is no limit on the number of prior chemotherapy regimens allowed. Any prior treatment (with the exception of lanreotide or octreotide) must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to initiation of treatment.
  • Prior treatment with embolization or ablative therapies is allowed if measurable disease remains outside of the treated area or if there is definite progression of the treated lesions. There is no limit on the number of prior procedures.
  • ECOG performance status of 0-1
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Granulocytes ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
    • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present)
    • Urine protein ≤ 1+ OR urine protein to creatinine ratio ≤ 1; if UPC ratio is > 1 on urinalysis, then 24-hour urine collection for protein must be obtained and level must be < 1,000 mg for patient enrollment.
  • QTcF < 450 ms.
  • Normal LVEF.
  • Patients with fasting serum cholesterol > 300 mg/dL OR > 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides > 2.5 x ULN should initiate lipid lowering medications.
  • Recovery from any major or minor surgeries. Patient must be 4 weeks post-major surgery and 2 weeks post-minor surgery.
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • Able to understand and willing to sign written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

Phase I and PK Expansion Cohort Exclusion Criteria

  • Active or severe liver disease (acute or chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis).
  • Patients currently receiving cancer therapy (i.e., chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, surgery and/or tumor embolization).
  • Receiving any other investigational agent(s) within 21 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of study drug. A minimum of 10 days between termination of the investigational drug and administration of study drug is required.
  • Any radiotherapy or immunotherapy within the last 3 weeks (limited palliative radiation is allowed ≥2 weeks). Chemotherapy regimens with delayed toxicity within the last 4 weeks (or within the last 6 weeks for prior nitrosourea or mitomycin C). Chemotherapy regimens given continuously or on a weekly basis with limited potential for delayed toxicity within the last 2 weeks.
  • Major surgery within the last 4 weeks; minor surgery within the last 2 weeks.
  • Immunization with any attenuated live vaccine within 1 week prior to registration.
  • Concurrent condition resulting in immune compromise, including chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to, or intolerance of, or other significant toxicity with, compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to X-82 or everolimus.
  • Patients with fasting serum cholesterol > 300 mg/dL OR > 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides > 2.5 x ULN who would need to initiate lipid lowering medications.
  • Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing prolonged QTc and/or Torsades de Pointes, or patients with a history of risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (e.g., familial long QT syndrome, heart failure, left ventricular hypertrophy, slow heart rate (<45 beats per minute)).
  • Concomitant use of herbal medications (i.e. St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), ginkgo biloba) at least 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug and throughout participation in the trial.
  • Concomitant use of any drug which is a moderate or strong CYP3A4 inhibitor or strong CYP3A4 inducer.
  • Patients with known CNS metastases, unless metastases are treated and stable and the patients do not require systemic steroids.
  • Treatment with therapeutic doses of coumarin-type anticoagulants (maximum daily dose of 1 mg allowed for port line patency permitted). Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) will be allowed.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, inadequately controlled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 6 months of starting study drugs, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of the study drugs.
  • Inability or unwillingness to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Known HIV-positivity on combination antiretroviral because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with X-82 or everolimus. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

Phase II Exclusion Criteria

  • Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma or small cell carcinoma.
  • Prior treatment with everolimus, other mTOR inhibitors, or anti-VEGF drug (sunitinib, bevacizumab).
  • Patients currently receiving cancer therapy (i.e., chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, surgery and/or tumor embolization).
  • Major surgery < 4 weeks from the start of treatment.
  • Minor surgery < 2 weeks from the start of treatment. (Insertion of a vascular access device is not considered major or minor surgery.)
  • Any radiotherapy or immunotherapy within the last 21 days (limited palliative radiation is allowed ≥2 weeks). Chemotherapy regimens with delayed toxicity within the last 4 weeks. Chemotherapy regimens given continuously or on a weekly basis with limited potential for delayed toxicity within the last 2 weeks.
  • Immunization with any attenuated live vaccine within 1 week prior to registration.
  • Concurrent condition resulting in immune compromise, including chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents.
  • Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing prolonged QTc and/or Torsades de Pointes, or patients with a history of risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (e.g., familial long QT syndrome, heart failure, left ventricular hypertrophy, slow heart rate (<45 beats per minute)).
  • Concomitant use of herbal medications (i.e. St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), ginkgo biloba) at least 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug and throughout participation in the trial.
  • Concomitant use of any drug which is a moderate or strong CYP3A4 inhibitor or strong CYP3A4 inducer.
  • Active or severe liver disease (acute or chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis).
  • Positive anti-HBV. HBV seropositive patients (HBsAg positive) are eligible if they are closely monitored for evidence of active HBV infection by HBV DNA testing, and they must agree to receive suppressive therapy with lamivudine or other HBV-suppressive therapy until at least 4 weeks after the last dose of everolimus. Patients who are anti-HCV positive are eligible provided that hepatitis C viral load (hepatitis C RNA) is undetectable.
  • Clinical evidence of brain metastases or carcinomatous meningitis.
  • History of GI perforation within 12 months prior to registration or presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of the study drugs.
  • History of clinically significant bleeding episodes.
  • Current NYHA class II, III, or IV congestive heart failure (see Appendix C) or symptomatic heart failure within 60 days prior to the start of study drugs.
  • Symptomatic arterial peripheral vascular disease.
  • History of aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, angina, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or other arterial thrombotic events within 6 months of registration. Patients on therapeutic non-coumarin anticoagulation are eligible provided that they are on a stable dose of anticoagulants.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or inadequately controlled hypertension.
  • Receiving any other investigational agent(s) within 21 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of study drug. A minimum of 10 days between termination of the investigational drug and administration of study drug is required.
  • History of allergic reactions or intolerance of, or other significant toxicity with, attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to X-82 or everolimus.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Inability or unwillingness to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Known HIV-positivity on combination antiretroviral because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with X-82 or everolimus. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01784861


Locations
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Benjamin Tan, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01784861     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201303150
First Posted: February 6, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Adenoma, Islet Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Adenoma
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents