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Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Primary Sjögren's Syndrome. (ETAP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01782235
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 1, 2013
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Strasbourg, France

Brief Summary:

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration leading to destruction of acinar and ductal cells and loss of glandular parenchyma. The main symptoms of pSS are dry eyes and dry mouth, diffuse pain, and fatigue. One third of patients develop systemic features, the most severe being lymphomas.

Serum IL-6 is increased in serum, saliva, and tears of patients with pSS. IL-6 plays a pivotal role in B-cell activation, a hallmark of the pathogenesis of pSS, and in T-cell differentiation. Tocilizumab, a recombinant humanised monoclonal antibody acts as an IL-6R antagonist. The aim of this randomised double blind placebo controlled trial iss to evaluate the efficacy of tocilizumab for the treatment of pSS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) Drug: Tocilizumab Drug: Placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 110 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Tocilizumab for the Treatment of Primary Sjögren's Syndrome.
Actual Study Start Date : July 24, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 16, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 16, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Tocilizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tocilizumab arm
Tocilizumab arm will receive tocilizumab.
Drug: Tocilizumab
Placebo Comparator: Placebo arm
Placebo arm will receive placebo.
Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement of the ESSDAI score equal to or greater than 3 points compared to enrollment. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Improvement of the ESSDAI score equal to or greater than 3 points compared to enrollment, with no new domain with high activity of the ESSDAI compared to enrollment, and no clinical worsening according to the clinician (no worsening compared to enrollment greater than 1 point of the Systemic Activity 0-10 VAS according to the physician.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria :

  • Patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome according to the European - American consensus group criteria.
  • ESSDAI score ≥ 5.
  • In women in childbearing age, effective contraception during treatment and 3 months following treatment discontinuation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with previous history of therapy with tocilizumab.
  • Prednisone treatment introduced two weeks before inclusion or a change in this drug dose within two weeks before inclusion.
  • A prednisone dose ≥ 15 mg per day.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pilocarpine hydrochloride, cyclosporine, cimeviline if introduced within two weeks before inclusion.
  • Therapy with methotrexate, Hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, quinacrine, leflunomide, psychoactive drug if introduced within 8 weeks before inclusion or a dose change within 8 weeks before inclusion.
  • Treatment with azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil within 8 weeks before inclusion.
  • Live and live attenuated vaccines given within 4 weeks before inclusion.
  • Any biologic treatment within 6 month before inclusion.
  • Treatment with cyclophosphamide, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy or plasmapharese therapy in the last 6 months before inclusion.
  • Systemic auto-immune disease.
  • Patient with previous history of diverticular perforations, complications of diverticulitis, peritonite or inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease and Colitis ulcerative).
  • Patient with history of severe infection within 4 weeks before inclusion.
  • Patient with history of infection within 2 weeks before inclusion.
  • Patient with chronic infection or infection returns (e.g. tuberculose, VHB, VHC…).
  • Positive serology tests for HIV, HBV, HCV.
  • Severe uncontrolled dyslipidemia.
  • Hepatocellular insufficiency.
  • Unstable cardiovascular disease.
  • Severe or chronic kidney disease, severe or chronic lung disease, severe or chronic endocrine disorder, severe or chronic neurological disease ( not related to the SJP).
  • Patient with history of solid organ transplantation or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Patient with history of lymphoma, neoplasia diagnosed 5 years before inclusion except squamous and basal cell cancers and carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix.
  • Severe complications of SJp at the inclusion: vasculitis with renal neurologic, digestive or cardiac involvement, interstitial lung disease, symptomatic cryoglobulinemia with severe neurologic involvement, renal function impairment, severe myositis, corticotherapy ≥ 1 mg/kg in the last 30 days before inclusion.
  • Neutropenia < 1000*10^6 .
  • Thrombocytopenia < 50 000/µl
  • ALT or AST > 3 x ULN
  • alcohol and drug addiction : withdrawal at least one year before inclusion
  • A major surgical procedure in the 8 weeks before inclusion or a scheduled major surgery
  • Pregnant woman, breast feeding woman
  • Adults under supervision or guardianship
  • Patient taking part in another clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01782235

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Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg
Strasbourg, France, 67098
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Strasbourg, France
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Principal Investigator: Jacques-Eric Gottenberg Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Strasbourg, France Identifier: NCT01782235    
Other Study ID Numbers: 5206
2012-002045-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 1, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 21, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sjogren's Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Dry Eye Syndromes
Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases
Eye Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases