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Trial record 4 of 6 for:    Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation (NBIA)

Efficacy and Safety Study of Deferiprone in Patients With Pantothenate Kinase-associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01741532
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2012
Results First Posted : May 23, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ApoPharma

Brief Summary:

A multi-center, placebo controlled, double-blind trial comparing the efficacy and safety of 18 months of treatment with deferiprone versus placebo in patients with PKAN.

This investigator-initiated trial was funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013, HEALTH-F2-2011, grant agreement No. 277984) to the TIRCON consortium (Treat Iron-Related Childhood-Onset Neurodegeneration) and by the FDA Office of Orphan Products Development (OOPD) (Dr. Elliott Vichinsky).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration Drug: Deferiprone oral solution Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 18-month study in patients with PKAN aged 4 years and older. Participants are randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either deferiprone oral solution or placebo, twice a day for 18 months. Efficacy assessments, an MRI scan to measure iron levels in the globus pallidus, pharmacokinetic evaluations, and safety assessments are conducted at specified time points. Following completion of the trial, eligible patients are invited to enroll in an 18-month extension study, TIRCON2012V1-EXT, in which all participants receive deferiprone.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 89 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Placebo solution matched deferiprone oral solution in appearance, taste, and packaging
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Deferiprone in Patients With Pantothenate Kinase-associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN)
Actual Study Start Date : December 13, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 21, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : January 11, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Deferiprone
Deferiprone 80 mg/mL oral solution
Drug: Deferiprone oral solution
Deferiprone 80 mg/mL oral solution will be administered twice daily (b.i.d.) for 18 months. An initial dose of 5 mg/kg b.i.d. will be administered for 6 weeks. The dose will then be escalated to 10 mg/kg b.i.d. and finally to 15 mg/kg b.i.d.
Other Names:
  • DFP
  • L1

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo solution
Drug: Placebo
A deferiprone matching placebo oral solution will be given twice daily for 18 months.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Score on Barry-Albright Dystonia Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The Barry-Albright Dystonia (BAD) scale rates severity of dystonia (sustained muscle contractions causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures) in 8 body regions. The individual scores are summed to provide a total score ranging from 0 to 32, with higher scores indicating greater severity. The co-primary endpoint in this study was the change from baseline to Month 18 in BAD total score.

  2. Score on Patient Global Impression of Improvement at End of Study [ Time Frame: Month 18 ]
    The Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) is a global index that assesses the response of a condition to a therapy by asking patients to rate their current state relative to their state at baseline. It consists of a 7-point rating scale, where 1=very much improved, 2= much improved, 3 = minimally improved, 4 = no change, 5 = minimally worse, 6 = much worse, and 7 = very much worse.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Score on Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) is the major rating scale used to assess severity of symptoms of Parkinson's disease, some of which are similar to those of PKAN. The UPDRS subscales used in this study were Part I: Mentation, Behavior and Mood, scored from 0 (best) to 16 (worst); Part II: Activities of Daily Living, scored from 0 (best) to 52 (worst); Part III: Motor Examination, scored from 0 (best) to 108 (worst); and Part VI: Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale, scored from 0% (worst) to 100% (best).

  2. Change in Score on Functional Independence Measure [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale is used to assess physical and cognitive disability in three areas of daily living: self-care, mobility, and cognition. Within each area, items are scored according to the level of assistance required to perform that activity of daily living. A score of 1-2 indicates that the patient is completely dependent on a helper to perform the task, a score of 3-5 indicates that the patient is moderately dependent, and a score of 6-7 indicates that no help is required. The individual scores are summed to provide a global score from 18 (worst) to 126 (best).

  3. Change in Score on WeeFIM [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The WeeFIM is the pediatric version of the Functional Independence Measure scale, and is used to assess physical and cognitive disability in three areas of daily living: self-care, mobility, and cognition. Within each area, items are scored according to the level of assistance required to perform that activity of daily living. A score of 1-2 indicates that the patient is completely dependent on a helper to perform the task, a score of 3-5 indicates that the patient is moderately dependent, and a score of 6-7 indicates that no help is required. The individual scores are summed to provide a global score from 18 (worst) to 126 (best).

  4. Change in Score on Pediatric Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) questionnaire is used to measure functional health and well-being from the patient's point of view. Separate versions of the questionnaire are available for children, young adults aged 18-25 years, and adults older than 25 years. Patients are asked to indicate how they have felt over the past month, and the scores of the 23 questions are used to generate an overall score that ranges from 0 (worst) to 100 (best).

  5. Change in Score on Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a self-rated questionnaire that assesses sleep quality and disturbances over a 1-month time interval. A total of 19 individual items are used to generate 7 "component" scores: subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction, and a score is generated that ranges from 0 (best) to 21 (worst).

  6. Change in Level of Brain Iron [ Time Frame: Baseline to 18 Months ]
    Neurodegeneration in patients with PKAN is associated with localized brain iron accumulation, with the highest amount of accumulation seen in the globus pallidus, one of the main areas for motor control. MRI R2* scans of this region were performed at baseline and Month 18 in a subset of patients who did not have a deep brain stimulation (DBS) device implanted, and for whom the use of anesthesia, if required, was deemed acceptable by the investigator.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Main Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females 4 years of age and older at screening visit;
  • Have PKAN, confirmed by genetic testing (supporting evidence required);
  • Barry-Albright Dystonia (BAD) total score ≥ 3 at the screening visit;
  • Patients who have Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) systems or baclofen pumps in place will be eligible for the study, but they must have had a stable setting for at least two months prior to the screening visit and stimulation parameters / pump settings must remain stable for the duration of the trial:

Main Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of iron deficiency defined by Fe:TIBC ratio <15%, or serum ferritin <12 ng/mL;
  • Treatment with deferiprone in the past 12 months;
  • Previous failure of treatment with deferiprone, or previous discontinuation of treatment with deferiprone due to adverse events;
  • Conditions known to contraindicate the use of deferiprone (history of agranulocytosis or recurrent episodes of neutropenia);
  • A serious, unstable chronic illness not related to PKAN condition during the past 3 months before screening visit including but not limited to: hepatic, renal, gastro-enterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrinologic, neurologic or immunologic disease;
  • Evidence of abnormal liver or renal function (serum liver enzyme level(s) > 3 times upper limit of normal at screening) or abnormal creatinine levels at screening visit;
  • Disorders associated with neutropenia (ANC < 1.5 x 10^9/L) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 50 x 10^9/L) in the 12 months preceding the initiation of the study medication. Exception: for patients whose neutropenia was attributed by the treating physician to episodes of infection or to drugs associated with a decline in the neutrophil count and in whom the ANC has fully recovered at the screening visit;
  • History of malignancy;

Other protocol inclusion or exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01741532


Locations
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United States, California
Children's Hospital & Research Center at Oakland
Oakland, California, United States, 94609
Germany
Klinikum der Universität München
Munich, Germany, 80336
Italy
Foundation Neurological Institute C. Besta
Milan, Italy, 20133
United Kingdom
Newcastle University Institute of Human Genetics
Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom, NE1 3BZ
Sponsors and Collaborators
ApoPharma
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Fernando Tricta, MD ApoPharma Inc.
Principal Investigator: Thomas Klopstock, MD Friedrich-Baur-Institute, Department of Neurology, University of Munich Ziemssenstr
Principal Investigator: Elliott Vichinsky, MD Children's Hospital & Research Center at Oakland Hematology/ Oncology, Pediatric Rehabilitation

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: ApoPharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01741532     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TIRCON2012V1
1R01FD004103-01 ( U.S. FDA Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 5, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 23, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Keywords provided by ApoPharma:
Pantothenate Kinase-associated Neurodegeneration
PKAN
NBIA
Deferiprone
Ferriprox
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration
Nerve Degeneration
Brain Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuroaxonal Dystrophies
Movement Disorders
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Deferiprone
Iron Chelating Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action