Healthy Homes Healthy Children (H3C) (H3C)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01740622|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2018
To evaluate the efficacy of a CCHMC Human Resources Benefits program to reduce exposure to injury hazards and subsequent injury-related medical claims for their children.
H1: The investigators anticipate, based on our recently completed trial, that the installation of multiple, passive safety devices in the homes of children 6- to 36-month old children of CCHMC non-contract employees randomized to the intervention group will reduce childhood injuries and medical claims by 50% compared to children of CCHMC non-contract employees who do not receive the home safety program.
H2: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Employees whose children are randomized to the intervention will have 30% less lost work days compared to employees whose children are assigned control group.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Injury in the Home||Other: Injury Prevention Measures||Not Applicable|
Injury is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for US children; the home is the leading location of injury for younger US children. Unintentional injuries in the home environment account for more than 4 million visits to emergency departments, with over 74,000 hospitalizations and 2,800 deaths each year in US children at a cost in excess of $3 billion annually and $800 per emergency visit. Ambulatory visit rates for injury in US Children are more than 3-fold higher than emergency visit rates and account for more than 13 million visits to offices and clinics each year in the U.S.
There is increasing interest in developing systems to improve the health of populations of children residing in the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) primary service area. Emerging payment models are fostering programs that can improve proactive population health management including preventive measures to reduce morbidity and improve the value of health services provided by insurers and accountable care organizations. This project will test the efficacy of an intervention to reduce exposure to injury hazards in the home and subsequent preventable and medically attended injury in young children.
Experimental Group: In homes of children randomized to the intervention arm of the trial, a comprehensive observational survey of living spaces will be undertaken. The study will examine living spaces to which a child may be exposed including 5 high-exposure, high-risk areas (main activity room, kitchen, child's bedroom and bathrooms, and stairways). In addition to quantifying hazards, the area of rooms will be obtained allowing for determination of both the number and density of injury hazards.
The hazards identified by the intervention team will be reviewed with the parent and the proposed interventions will be presented. Intervention options are designed and prioritized so that the most passive and durable interventions are recommended first and progressively less 'passive' and less durable options last. After consent is obtained, passive measures will be installed across the living space as indicated.
Control Group: Participants who are assigned to the control group will have their medical claims examined related to injury in the home. Households in this control condition will also be provided with information sheets on child safety developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP). These age-based recommendations for child safety are provided as standard of care at many pediatric offices.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||520 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Healthy Homes Healthy Children (H3C)|
|Study Start Date :||October 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2017|
Experimental: Injury Intervention Group
In homes of children who are randomized to the injury intervention arm of the trial, a comprehensive survey of injury hazards in living spaces will be undertaken. In addition to quantifying hazards, the area of living spaces will be obtained to allow the determination of both the number and density (number of hazards per 100 sq.ft.) of injury hazards. If one or more injury hazards are identified, they will be removed and/or modified to reduce exposure and injury risk. The intervention is focused on areas in living spaces below 1-meter (~39 inches) in height from (the 75th percentile in height or eye-level for a 3-year old US male toddler) which might be easily reached or climbed on by children less than 4 years.
Other: Injury Prevention Measures
The hazards identified in the home will be reviewed with the parent and the proposed interventions will be presented. Intervention options are designed and prioritized so that the most passive and durable interventions are recommended first (e.g. self-closing, self-locking stair gate) and progressively less 'passive' and less durable options last (e.g. area gate, pressure mounted gate, or refusal of intervention).
No Intervention: Control Group
Participants who are assigned to the control group will have their medical claims examined related to injury in the home. Households in this control condition will also be provided with information sheets on child safety developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP). These age-based recommendations for child safety are provided as standard of care at many pediatric offices.
- Any modifiable and medically-attended injury in enrolled children sustained in the home [ Time Frame: Quarterly ( quarterly online surveys) (up to 24 months) ]The primary outcome measure will be claims for medically-attended injury sustained in the home environment. This composite outcome includes any medical claims from phone calls, office, clinic, and emergency department (ED) visits by enrolled children in the home for injuries whose exposure was modified by the installed safety devices (i.e. falls, cuts/pierces, struck/strike, burns, poisonings).
- Presenteeism / Absenteeism at work due to child's injury [ Time Frame: Quarterly (online surveys) (up to 2 years) ]Furthermore, the investigators will attempt to capture work loss, presenteeism and absenteeism associated with medical treatment for a child's injury.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01740622
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229-3039|
|Principal Investigator:||Kiernan Phelan, MD||Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati|