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N-Acetylcysteine for Patients With COPD and Chronic Bronchitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01739790
Recruitment Status : Terminated (PI discretion)
First Posted : December 3, 2012
Results First Posted : September 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is described as having mucolytic and antioxidant properties. It is widely prescribed for patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), particularly for those who have accompanying symptoms of chronic cough and sputum production. Compared to placebo, high-dose NAC will improve Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire scores in patients with COPD and chronic bronchitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COPD Chronic Bronchitis Drug: N-Acetylcysteine Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
A total of 130 subjects with COPD and chronic bronchitis will be randomized (in a double-blind fashion) to receive either high-dose NAC (1800 mg) or matching placebo twice daily for eight weeks. Respiratory health status, assessed by changes in St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire, will be used to determine the effects of NAC on lung function. It is anticipated that the subjects on high dose NAC will have improved scores.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of High-Dose N-Acetylcysteine on Respiratory Health Status in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Chronic Bronchitis: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial-3
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Sugar Pill
Identical placebo pills twice daily for 8 weeks Placebo pills manufactured to mimic appearance of intervention drug n-acetylcysteine and prescribed with identical frequency and duration.
Drug: Placebo
Identical placebo manufactured to mimic appearance of intervention drug with identical frequency and duration.

Active Comparator: N-Acetylcysteine
1800 mg twice daily for 8 weeks
Drug: N-Acetylcysteine
1800 mg twice daily for 8 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks ]
    The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) is scored on a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 representing the worst respiratory health status. The instrument is self-administered at baseline and again after 8-weeks of treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Capability to provide written informed consent
  • Age ≥ 40 years and ≤ 85 years
  • FEV1/FVC ratio (post bronchodilator) < 70%
  • FEV1 (post bronchodilator) < 65%
  • Presence of chronic cough and sputum production defined as the following:
  • Presence of chronic cough and sputum will be defined by responses to the first two questions on the SGRQ. Subjects who respond positively to both question 1 (cough) and question 2 (sputum) on the SGRQ as either "several days per week" or "almost every day" will be eligible
  • Current or former smoker with lifetime cigarette consumption of at least 10 pack-years
  • Negative serum pregnancy test at the baseline visit if patient is a pre-menopausal female (menopause defined as absence of a menstrual cycle in the last 12 months)
  • Must be fluent in speaking the English language

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not fully recovered for at least 30 days from a COPD exacerbation characterized by typical symptoms and treated with antibiotics or prednisone
  • Known allergy or sensitivity to NAC or albuterol
  • Any patient with unstable cardiac disease
  • Any patient with a documented history of uncompensated congestive heart failure in the last 2 years
  • Clinical diagnosis of asthma, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, or severe alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Active lung cancer or history of lung cancer if it has been less than 2 years since lung resection or other treatment. If history of lung cancer, must have no evidence of recurrence in the 2 years preceding the baseline visit.
  • Undergoing active treatment for malignancy except for hormonal therapy (i.e. prostate cancer, breast cancer) or non-metastatic skin cancer and are not symptomatic
  • Chronic kidney disease with an estimated GFR of < 30 ml/min. GFR will be estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula
  • History of cirrhosis with evidence of portal hypertension (ascites, chronic edema)
  • Participation in a pulmonary rehabilitation program or completion within past 6 weeks
  • Prisoners or institutionalized patients
  • Participation in another study involving an investigational product within 30 days of the baseline visit
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding patients.
  • Use of guaifenesin in the last 30 days
  • Currently on long acting nitrates for angina or heart failure
  • Abnormalities in screening blood work defined as:
  • WBC < 3.0 or > 15.0 K/cmm
  • Hemoglobin < 9.0 or > 17.0 gm/dl
  • Platelets < 75 or > 400 K/cmm
  • ALT > 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • INR > 1.5 unless on warfarin therapy
  • Any concomitant condition that might endanger the patient through participation in the study or interfere with study procedures, as assessed by the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01739790

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United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
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Principal Investigator: Dennis E Niewoehner, MD University of Minnesota

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT01739790    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1210M21542
First Posted: December 3, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 13, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University of Minnesota:
Chronic Bronchitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bronchitis, Chronic
Acute Disease
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Free Radical Scavengers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs