First-line Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone For AL Amyloidosis or LCDD
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01728259|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (FDA placed the study on a clinical hold, due to the concerns by the FDA and Health Canada, Celgene decided to permanently close the study.)
First Posted : November 19, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2023
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Light Chain Deposition Disease Primary Systemic Amyloidosis||Drug: pomalidomide Drug: bortezomib Drug: dexamethasone Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis||Phase 1|
I. Establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of pomalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (PVD) to take forward in a subsequent phase 2 study.
I. Obtain a preliminary assessment of efficacy of PVD regimen as initial treatment of amyloid light-chain (AL) or light chain deposition disease (LCDD).
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of pomalidomide and bortezomib.
Patients receive pomalidomide orally (PO) on days 1-21; bortezomib intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, and 15; and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at least every 3 months.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||18 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I Study of Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone (PVD) as First-Line Treatment of AL Amyloidosis or Light Chain Deposition Disease|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 31, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 31, 2018|
Experimental: Treatment (pomalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone)
Patients receive pomalidomide PO on days 1-21; bortezomib IV or SC on days 1, 8, and 15; and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Name: CC-4047
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
- Maximum tolerated dose defined as the dose level before 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
- Complete hematologic response rate (hCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence intervals.
- Overall hematologic response rate (partial response [PR] + complete response [CR]) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
- Organ response rates (heart, liver, kidney) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]Organ responses will be tabulated and reported for all patients with cardiac, renal, hepatic, and/or neurologic involvement by amyloidosis.
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of death, assessed up to 28 days ]Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence interval.
- Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence interval.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
- Able to adhere to protocol requirements
- Histologically confirmed AL or LCDD (any time prior to screening)
- Up to 1 cycle of prior therapy allowed (maximum of 120 mg total dexamethasone (or equivalent amount of prednisone), 4 days of melphalan, and/or 4 doses of velcade; at least 4 wks has to have had passed since last dose of melphalan, 2 wks since last velcade or glucocorticoid dose
Measurable light chain elevation, as defined by:
- A difference between the involved immunoglobulin free light chain and uninvolved light chain and uninvolved light chain (dFLC) of >= 5 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa lambda free light chain ratio
- EXCEPTION: during the DOSE ESCALATION PORTION of the study only, a measurable M-protein (>= 0.5 g/dL) on serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) or a measurable urinary light chain (>= 200 mg/24 hrs) by urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP) without a dFLC meeting the above criteria is acceptable; subjects without a dFLC >= 5 mg/dL treated at the MTD will not count towards the expansion cohort
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2 at study entry
- Demonstrated clonal population of plasma cells in the bone marrow or positive immunohistochemical stain with anti-light chain anti-sera of amyloid fibrils
- NTproBNP < 8500 pg/mL
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1000/mm^3
- Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3
- Serum creatinine =< 2.5 mg/dL
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
- AST(SGOT) and ALT(SGPT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory POMALYST REMS™ program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the POMALYST REMS™ program
- Disease free of prior malignancies for > or = 2 years with exception of treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast, or low-risk localized prostate cancer does not outright exclude patients, but such cases need to be discussed with Dr. Zonder prior to enrollment.
- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting pomalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking pomalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
- Able to take aspirin (ASA;81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin), unless baseline prothrombin time [PT] or partial thromboplastin time [PTT] is >= 1.5 ULN, in which case thromboprophylaxis not required
- Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
- Pregnant or breast feeding females; (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking pomalidomide)
- Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
- Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline
- Known hypersensitivity reaction or history of desquamating rash related to thalidomide or lenalidomide
- Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron, or any of the other agents utilized in this protocol
- Patient has >= grade 3 peripheral sensory neuropathy or >= grade 2 painful sensory neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment; (NOTE: patient with peripheral neuropathy [PN] that was previously this severe but is currently improved due to ongoing therapy [e.g., gabapentin or amitriptyline] may be eligible)
- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities (not including 1st degree atrioventricular (AV)-block, Wenckebach type 2nd degree heart block, or left bundle branch block; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant); note: there is no lower limit of left ventricular ejection fraction below which patients are excluded from participation
- Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
- Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C
Meets criteria for symptomatic multiple myeloma, defined as:
>= 10% monoclonal plasma cells in the marrow AND ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
- Biopsy-confirmed plasmacytoma
- Lytic bone lesion(s)
- Hypercalcemia without other explanation
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01728259
|United States, Colorado|
|Colorado Blood Cancer Institute|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston University School of Medicine|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118-2393|
|United States, Michigan|
|Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke University Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Princess Margaret Cancer Centre|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeffrey Zonder||Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute|
|Responsible Party:||Jeffrey Zonder, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||November 19, 2012 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||May 9, 2023|
|Last Verified:||May 2023|
Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immune System Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists