We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Try the New Site
We're building a modernized ClinicalTrials.gov! Visit Beta.ClinicalTrials.gov to try the new functionality.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

First-line Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone For AL Amyloidosis or LCDD

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01728259
Recruitment Status : Terminated (FDA placed the study on a clinical hold, due to the concerns by the FDA and Health Canada, Celgene decided to permanently close the study.)
First Posted : November 19, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeffrey Zonder, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pomalidomide and bortezomib when given together with dexamethasone in treating patients with amyloid light-chain amyloidosis or light chain deposition disease. Biological therapies, such as pomalidomide, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop abnormal cells from growing. Bortezomib may stop the growth of abnormal cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving pomalidomide and bortezomib together with dexamethasone may be an effective treatment for amyloid light-chain amyloidosis or light chain deposition disease

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Light Chain Deposition Disease Primary Systemic Amyloidosis Drug: pomalidomide Drug: bortezomib Drug: dexamethasone Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. Establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of pomalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (PVD) to take forward in a subsequent phase 2 study.


I. Obtain a preliminary assessment of efficacy of PVD regimen as initial treatment of amyloid light-chain (AL) or light chain deposition disease (LCDD).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of pomalidomide and bortezomib.

Patients receive pomalidomide orally (PO) on days 1-21; bortezomib intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, and 15; and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at least every 3 months.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone (PVD) as First-Line Treatment of AL Amyloidosis or Light Chain Deposition Disease
Actual Study Start Date : March 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 31, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (pomalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone)
Patients receive pomalidomide PO on days 1-21; bortezomib IV or SC on days 1, 8, and 15; and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: pomalidomide
Given PO
Other Name: CC-4047

Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • LDP 341
  • MLN341

Drug: dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose defined as the dose level before 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete hematologic response rate (hCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence intervals.

  2. Overall hematologic response rate (partial response [PR] + complete response [CR]) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  3. Organ response rates (heart, liver, kidney) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Organ responses will be tabulated and reported for all patients with cardiac, renal, hepatic, and/or neurologic involvement by amyloidosis.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of death, assessed up to 28 days ]
    Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence interval.

  5. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Will be estimated and reported with 95% confidence interval.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • Able to adhere to protocol requirements
  • Histologically confirmed AL or LCDD (any time prior to screening)
  • Up to 1 cycle of prior therapy allowed (maximum of 120 mg total dexamethasone (or equivalent amount of prednisone), 4 days of melphalan, and/or 4 doses of velcade; at least 4 wks has to have had passed since last dose of melphalan, 2 wks since last velcade or glucocorticoid dose
  • Measurable light chain elevation, as defined by:

    • A difference between the involved immunoglobulin free light chain and uninvolved light chain and uninvolved light chain (dFLC) of >= 5 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa lambda free light chain ratio
    • EXCEPTION: during the DOSE ESCALATION PORTION of the study only, a measurable M-protein (>= 0.5 g/dL) on serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) or a measurable urinary light chain (>= 200 mg/24 hrs) by urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP) without a dFLC meeting the above criteria is acceptable; subjects without a dFLC >= 5 mg/dL treated at the MTD will not count towards the expansion cohort
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2 at study entry
  • Demonstrated clonal population of plasma cells in the bone marrow or positive immunohistochemical stain with anti-light chain anti-sera of amyloid fibrils
  • NTproBNP < 8500 pg/mL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3
  • Serum creatinine =< 2.5 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST(SGOT) and ALT(SGPT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory POMALYST REMS™ program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the POMALYST REMS™ program
  • Disease free of prior malignancies for > or = 2 years with exception of treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast, or low-risk localized prostate cancer does not outright exclude patients, but such cases need to be discussed with Dr. Zonder prior to enrollment.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting pomalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking pomalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  • Able to take aspirin (ASA;81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin), unless baseline prothrombin time [PT] or partial thromboplastin time [PTT] is >= 1.5 ULN, in which case thromboprophylaxis not required

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
  • Pregnant or breast feeding females; (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking pomalidomide)
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline
  • Known hypersensitivity reaction or history of desquamating rash related to thalidomide or lenalidomide
  • Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron, or any of the other agents utilized in this protocol
  • Patient has >= grade 3 peripheral sensory neuropathy or >= grade 2 painful sensory neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment; (NOTE: patient with peripheral neuropathy [PN] that was previously this severe but is currently improved due to ongoing therapy [e.g., gabapentin or amitriptyline] may be eligible)
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities (not including 1st degree atrioventricular (AV)-block, Wenckebach type 2nd degree heart block, or left bundle branch block; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant); note: there is no lower limit of left ventricular ejection fraction below which patients are excluded from participation
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
  • Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C
  • Meets criteria for symptomatic multiple myeloma, defined as:

    • >= 10% monoclonal plasma cells in the marrow AND ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:

      • Biopsy-confirmed plasmacytoma
      • Lytic bone lesion(s)
      • Hypercalcemia without other explanation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01728259

Layout table for location information
United States, Colorado
Colorado Blood Cancer Institute
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118-2393
United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Zonder Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jeffrey Zonder, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01728259    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-155
First Posted: November 19, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis
Multiple Myeloma
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists