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Comparison of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Weekly Paclitaxel or Eribulin Followed by A/C in Women With Locally Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01705691
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 12, 2012
Results First Posted : September 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eisai Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NSABP Foundation Inc

Brief Summary:
NSABP FB-9 is a Phase II, multi-center, randomized study of eribulin or weekly paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) as neoadjuvant therapy for women with HER2-negative, operable and locally advanced breast cancer (stage IIb and III). Patients in the control arm will receive neoadjuvant weekly paclitaxel (WP) followed by AC. The primary aim of the study is to determine the pathologic complete response (ypCR) in breast and axillary lymph nodes following completion of neoadjuvant therapy. The secondary aims include determination of the ypCR in axillary nodes, clinical complete response (ycCR) rate after eribulin or paclitaxel and after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, two-year recurrence-free interval, two-year overall survival, and toxicity of the neoadjuvant regimens.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer HER2-negative Breast Cancer Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Eribulin Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients will be randomized to one of two neoadjuvant therapy regimens. Patients in Arm 1 will receive WP 80 mg/m2 for 12 doses followed by standard AC every 21 days for 4 cycles. Patients in Arm 2 will receive 4 cycles of eribulin 1.4 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle followed by standard AC every 21 days for 4 cycles. As soon as possible following recovery from chemotherapy, the patient will have either lumpectomy or mastectomy and axillary staging.

In both arms, clinical response will be assessed by physical exam on day 1 of each study therapy cycle. MRI of the breast is required within 4 weeks prior to randomization and following completion of eribulin or WP (before starting AC). Following recovery from surgery, patients will receive radiation therapy and hormonal therapy as clinically indicated. Other postoperative therapies are prohibited.

Patients will be randomized to the control arm (Arm 1) and to the investigational arm (Arm 2) in a 1:2 ratio. The sample size will be up to 50 patients with about 30 patients in Arm 2 and about half that number in Arm 1. Accrual is expected to occur over 15 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Regimens With Weekly Paclitaxel or Eribulin Followed by Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide in Women With Locally Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm 1: Paclitaxel then AC
Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 IV weekly for 12 doses followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide IV every 21 days for 4 cycles
Drug: Paclitaxel
80 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes weekly for 12 weeks

Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2 IV over 15 minutes on day 1 every 21 days for 4 cycles

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2 IV over 30 minutes on day 1 every 21 days for 4 cycles

Experimental: Arm 2: Eribulin then AC
Eribulin 1.4 mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle for 4 cycles, followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide IV every 21 days for 4 cycles
Drug: Eribulin
1.4 mg/m2 IV over 2 to 5 minutes on Days 1 and 8 every 21 days for 4 cycles
Other Name: eribulin mesylate

Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2 IV over 15 minutes on day 1 every 21 days for 4 cycles

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2 IV over 30 minutes on day 1 every 21 days for 4 cycles




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic Complete Response Rate (ypCR) Following Neoadjuvant Therapy in Breast and Axillary Lymph Nodes [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery approximately 24 to 28 weeks. ]
    Percentage of patients with no histologic evidence of cancer in breast and axillary lymph nodes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ypCR Nodes [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery approximately 24 to 28 weeks. ]
    Percentage of patients with no histologic evidence of cancer in axillary lymph nodes.

  2. Clinical Overall Response (cOR)(Complete and Partial) Assessed by MRI at the Completion of WP or Eribulin (Before AC) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after initiation of study therapy ]
    Percentage of patients with clinical complete response (no significant enhancement on MR images) or clinical partial response (at least 30% decrease in the maximal diameter of the tumor)

  3. Clinical Complete Response (ycCR) Following Neoadjuvant Therapy Assessed by Physical Exam at the Completion of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: At approximately 24 to 28 weeks from initiation of study therapy ]
    The number of patients with clinical complete response.

  4. Recurrence Free Interval (RFI): The Time to Occurrence of Inoperable Progressive Disease and Local, Regional, and Distant Recurrence. [ Time Frame: Assessed through 24 months from randomization ]
    The percentage of patients free from recurrence at 24 months.

  5. 2-year Overall Survival (OS): Death From Any Cause From Time of Randomization Through 2 Years After Randomization. [ Time Frame: Assessed through 24 months from randomization ]
    Percentage of patients alive at 24 months.

  6. Adverse Events Experienced by Participants as a Measure of Toxicity. [ Time Frame: Assessed through 24 months from randomization ]
    Total patients with at least 1 AE.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients should have a life expectancy of at least 10 years, excluding their diagnosis of breast cancer. (Comorbid conditions should be taken into consideration, but not the diagnosis of breast cancer.)
  • Patients of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective non-hormonal method of contraception during therapy and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study therapy.
  • The patient must have consented to participate and must have signed and dated an appropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines.
  • Patients must be female.
  • Patients must be > 18 years old.
  • The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status must be 0 or 1.
  • The diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast must have been made by core needle biopsy or by limited incisional biopsy.
  • Patients must have ER analysis performed on the primary tumor prior to randomization. If ER analysis is negative, then Progesterone Receptor (PgR) analysis must also be performed. (Patients are eligible with either hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor-negative tumors.)
  • Clinical staging, based on the assessment by physical exam, must be American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC: cT2 and cN1, cT3 and cN0 or cN1, Any cT and cN2 or cN3, cT4
  • The patient must have a mass in the breast or axilla measuring greater than or equal to 2.0 cm by physical exam, unless the patient has inflammatory breast cancer, in which case measurable disease by physical exam is not required.
  • At the time of randomization, blood counts performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization must meet the following criteria: Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) must be greater than or equal to 1200/mm3; Platelet count must be greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; Hemoglobin must be greater than or equal to 10 g/dL.
  • The following criteria for evidence of adequate hepatic function performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization must be met: total bilirubin must be less than or equal to Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) for the lab unless the patient has a bilirubin elevation > ULN to 1.5 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin; and alkaline phosphatase must be less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab; and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab.
  • Patients with alkaline phosphatase > ULN but less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN are eligible for inclusion in the study if liver imaging (CT, MRI, PET, or PET-CT scan) performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization does not demonstrate metastatic disease and the requirements in the criteria below for unexplained skeletal pain are met.
  • Patients with either unexplained skeletal pain or alkaline phosphatase that is > ULN but less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN are eligible for inclusion in the study if a bone scan, PET-CT scan, or PET scan performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization does not demonstrate metastatic disease. Patients with suspicious findings on bone scan or PET scan are eligible if suspicious findings are determined to be benign by x-ray, MRI, or biopsy.
  • Serum creatinine performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization must be less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab.
  • Serum potassium and serum magnesium performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization must be Within Normal Limits (WNL).
  • The Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) assessment by 2-D echocardiogram or Multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan performed within 90 days prior to randomization must be greater than or equal to 50% regardless of the facility's Lower Limit of Normal (LLN).
  • ECG performed within 4 weeks before study entry must demonstrate a QTc interval that is less than or equal to 0.47 seconds.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Tumor that has been determined to be HER2-positive by immunohistochemistry (3+) or by in situ hybridization (positive for gene amplification), or has been determined to be HER2-equivocal and the investigator plans to administer trastuzumab or other targeted therapy.
  • Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) alone to diagnose the primary breast cancer.
  • Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy performed prior to randomization.
  • Surgical axillary staging procedure prior to randomization. (Procedures that are permitted prior to study entry include: 1) FNA or core biopsy of an axillary node for any patient, and 2) although not recommended, a pre-neoadjuvant therapy Sentinal Node (SN) biopsy for patients with clinically negative axillary nodes.)
  • Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease. (Note: Chest imaging is mandatory for all patients within 90 days prior to randomization. Other imaging [if required] must have been performed within 4 weeks prior to randomization.)
  • History of ipsilateral invasive breast cancer regardless of treatment or ipsilateral Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) treated with Radiation Therapy (RT). (Patients with a history of Lobular Carcinoma in Situ (LCIS), contralateral DCIS [regardless of RT], or contralateral invasive breast cancer are eligible.)
  • History of non-breast malignancies (except for in situ cancers treated only by local excision and basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin) within 5 years prior to randomization.
  • Known metastatic disease from any malignancy (solid tumor or hematologic).
  • Previous therapy with anthracyclines, taxanes, cyclophosphamide, or eribulin for any malignancy.
  • Treatment including RT, chemotherapy, and/or targeted therapy, administered for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to randomization.
  • Continued endocrine therapy such as raloxifene or tamoxifen (or other SERM) or an aromatase inhibitor. (Patients are eligible if these medications are discontinued prior to randomization.)
  • Any continued sex hormonal therapy, e.g., birth control pills and ovarian hormone replacement therapy. Patients are eligible if these medications are discontinued prior to randomization.
  • Requirement for chronic use of any drugs known to prolong the QT interval, including Na+ and K+ channel blockers. (Patients are eligible if these medications and/or substances can be discontinued prior to the first dose of eribulin and will not need to be resumed until after the last dose of eribulin.)
  • Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C with abnormal liver function tests.
  • Intrinsic lung disease resulting in dyspnea.
  • Active infection; or chronic infection requiring chronic suppressive antibiotics.
  • Persistent greater than or equal to grade 2 diarrhea regardless of etiology.
  • Sensory or motor neuropathy greater than or equal to grade 2, as defined by the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects (CTCAE) v4.0.
  • Conditions that would prohibit intermittent administration of corticosteroids for paclitaxel premedication.
  • Chronic daily treatment with corticosteroids with a dose of greater than or equal to 10 mg/day methylprednisolone equivalent (excluding inhaled steroids).
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as a systolic BP > 150 mmHg or diastolic BP > 90 mmHg, with or without anti-hypertensive medications. (Patients with hypertension that is well-controlled on medication are eligible.)
  • Cardiac disease (history of and/or active disease) that would preclude the use of any of the drugs included in the treatment regimen. This includes but is not confined to: Active cardiac disease: symptomatic angina pectoris within the past 180 days that required the initiation of or increase in anti-anginal medication or other intervention; ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions; supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication; conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker; valvular disease with documented compromise in cardiac function; and symptomatic pericarditis. History of cardiac disease: myocardial infarction documented by elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment of Left Ventricular (LV) function; history of documented Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) documented cardiomyopathy; and congenital long QT syndrome.
  • Other nonmalignant systemic disease that would preclude the patient from receiving study treatment or would prevent required follow-up.
  • Pregnancy or lactation at the time of randomization.
  • Any psychiatric or addictive disorder or other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude her from meeting the study requirements.
  • Use of any investigation agent within 4 weeks prior to randomization.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01705691


Locations
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United States, Colorado
CCOP, Colorado Cancer Research Program, Inc.
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80222
United States, Florida
CCOP - Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida, United States, 33140
United States, Georgia
Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital
Albany, Georgia, United States, 31703
Memorial Health University Medical Center
Savannah, Georgia, United States, 31404
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
West Michigan Cancer Center
Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49007
Providence Hospital - Southfield
Southfield, Michigan, United States, 48075-9975
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
United States, North Carolina
Carolinas Medical Center/Levine Cancer Center
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28203
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Pennsylvania
Albert Einstein Medical Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19141
Allegheny General Hospital/Allegheny-Singer Research Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15212
NSABP Foundation, Inc.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15212
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232-1305
United States, South Carolina
Roper Hospital
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29401
Cancer Centers of the Carolinas
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615
United States, Texas
Joe Arrington Cancer Research & Treatment Center
Lubbock, Texas, United States, 79410
United States, West Virginia
Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center at West Virginia University Hospitals
Morgantown, West Virginia, United States, 26506
Canada, Quebec
Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2W-1T8
Montreal General Hospital
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3G 1A4
Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
Eisai Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Norman Wolmark, MD NSABP Foundation Inc

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: NSABP Foundation Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01705691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSABP FB-9
First Posted: October 12, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 18, 2018
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors