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Study of Infusion of Blood Cells (Lymphocytes) to Stimulate the Immune System to Fight Leukemia/Lymphoma (273)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01685606
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of accrual and low efficacy)
First Posted : September 14, 2012
Results First Posted : June 26, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Peter Quesenberry, Brown University

Brief Summary:
The study of whether an infusion of blood cells called lymphocytes from a donor can stimulate the immune system to fight your leukemia/lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mantle Cell Lymphoma Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Burkitts Lymphoma T Cell Lymphomas Acute Myeloid Leukemia/Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Biological: cellular immunotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

There have been important advances in the modulation of the immune system for the treatment of hematologic malignancies and solid tumors.

This protocol will build upon these previous observations as follows:

  • Haploidentical peripheral blood pheresed cells will be used at 1-2x108 CD3 cells/kg.
  • Total body radiation will not be utilized.

    • This modification may more effectively activate the recipient's immune system to attack their hematological malignancy by not damaging the recipient's immune cells prior to cellular infusion. Safety should be improved since the risk of graft versus host disease should be greatly reduced as the host's immune system will not be conditioned.
  • Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) priming will not be used.

    • In our first clinical trial, G-CSF priming was not used for matched transplants. Our second trial did employ G-CSF priming in the haplo-identical setting. Previous data has cited a role for G-CSF in stimulation of invariant Natural Killer(NK) cells with enhanced GVL effects11. However, our most recent laboratory data with unprimed PBMC has shown effective cell kill activity without the addition of G-CSF. As G-CSF would be administered to healthy volunteers, the unclear benefit of the addition of this cytokine is offset by the potential side effects such as headache, fever, and bone pain. G-CSF mobilization serves to shift the response from a TH1 to TH2 through the increased production of T regulatory cells. The end result would be a decrease in immune stimulation. Since the goal of this study is to NOT have engraftment, the manipulation of the donor cells to dampen the host versus tumor stimulation is not needed nor desired. Furthermore, since this protocol is not a stem cell transplant, stem cells do not need to be mobilized with G-CSF.

It is important to note that the proposed study is not a stem cell transplant study. In the situation of stem cell transplants, the goal of the procedure is to have engraftment, or sustainable donor chimerism in the marrow to provide hematopoietic reconstitution as well as immunologic reconstitution. In this study, we are evaluating the use of donor lymphocytes (not stem cells) to stimulate an immune response of the recipients' immune system.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BrUOG 273:Cellular Immunotherapy For Refractory Hematological Malignancies:A Brown University Oncology Research Group Study
Study Start Date : March 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: cellular immunotherapy
A minimum of 1x108 CD3+ cells and maximum of 2x108 CD3+ cells/kg from a haploidentical donor will be infused, irrespective of the number of CD34+ cells.
Biological: cellular immunotherapy
A minimum of 1x108 CD3+ cells and maximum of 2x108 CD3+ cells/kg from a haploidentical donor irrespective of the number of CD34+ cells will be infused.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate of Cellular Immune Therapy With HLA Haploidentical Peripheral Blood Pheresed Cells in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Hematological Malignancies. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after infusion then 6 months after and every 4 months for approximately 2 years ]

    Criteria for AML and ALL (adapted from Cheson et al.20)

    Complete remission (CR) is defined as the presence of all of the following

    • Peripheral blood

      o No leukemic blasts present.

    • No extramedullary findings of leukemia or disappearance of such (i.e. CNS or soft tissue involvement)
    • Bone marrow

      • Cellularity >20% with baseline maturation.
      • No Auer rods
      • Less than 5% blast cells.
    • Complete blood counts and bone marrow normalization criteria must be met within one week of each other. Hematopoeitic recovery is an ANC > 1.0 x 109/L and platelet count > 100x109/L. No specific hemoglobin or hematocrit level is specified but the patient must be transfusion free.

    Complete remission with incomplete recovery (CRi) is defined as the following:

    • Meets criteria for CR except
    • ANC < 1.0 x 109/L or platelet count < 100x109/L

    Partial remission (PR).

    • Must meet all criteria of a CR except that the bone marrow may contain 5-20% blasts.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To Evaluate the Rate of Dose Limiting Toxicities of HLA Haploidentical Peripheral Blood Pheresed Cellular Infusions. [ Time Frame: 30 days and 16 weeks after infusion ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic confirmation of hematological malignancy consisting of the following leukemias/lymphomas:
  • Mantle cell lymphoma with Ki-67>30%
  • Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Burkitts Lymphoma
  • Systemic T Cell Lymphomas
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Recurrence or progression of hematological malignancy after at least 1 prior standard treatment with progression within 6 months from last treatment.
  • No curative treatment option is available.

    -> 4-weeks since prior chemotherapy or radiation to cellular therapy infusion. (Hydroxyurea may be utilized up to 48 hours prior to initiation of treatment on this protocol).

  • Age equal to or greater than 18 years.
  • Patients with a history of invasive second malignancy unless disease free for > 5 years.
  • Patients must have an expected life expectancy of at least 2 months at the time of initiation of treatment.
  • No active systemic infection.
  • Patients who have relapsed after standard autologous stem cell infusion are eligible as long as they meet all inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria. These patients must be out more than 6 months from cell infusion to be eligible for enrollment.
  • DLCO > 40% with no symptomatic pulmonary disease.
  • LVEF > 40% by MUGA or echocardiogram.
  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl. Total bilirubin less than 1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN), AST < 3x ULN.
  • Non-pregnant and willing to use appropriate birth control during the duration of the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of HIV infection.
  • Any uncontrolled severe, concurrent illness which in the opinion of the treating physician would make this protocol treatment unreasonably hazardous for the patient.
  • Oxygen dependent obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Failure to demonstrate adequate compliance with medical therapy and follow-up.
  • Significant medical or psychiatric illness that would impair the ability to participate in protocol therapy.
  • For women of reproductive potential, refusal to use effective form of contraception.
  • Previous allogeneic stem cell transplant
  • Patients who have had previous purine analog (fludarabine, pentostatin, 2-CDA) -Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), multiple myeloma, and indolent lymphoma (follicular lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma)
  • Patients with HLA antibodies to donor HLA type.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01685606

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United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
The Miriam Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brown University
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Principal Investigator: Peter Quesenberry, MD Brown University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Peter Quesenberry, Principal Investigator, Brown University Identifier: NCT01685606    
Other Study ID Numbers: BrUOG 273
First Posted: September 14, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 26, 2015
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015
Keywords provided by Peter Quesenberry, Brown University:
Mantle cell
Diffuse large B cell
T cell
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Burkitt Lymphoma
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Tumor Virus Infections