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Lipophilic Micronutrients, Adipokines and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (2011-23)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01678469
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2015 by Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 5, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille

Brief Summary:

Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a defect of glucose tolerance with its onset or its first recognition during pregnancy and that usually disappears, at least temporarily, after delivery. Its prevalence generally ranges between 3 and 6%, but may reach 12 to 15% in high-risk populations or specific ethnic groups. GDM increases the risk of potentially severe maternal, fetal and neonatal complications (gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, caesarean delivery; macrosomia; shoulder dystocia). These risks are linearly correlated with the level of maternal hyperglycaemia. GDM is due to a failure of pancreatic beta cells to sustain compensatory insulin secretion for insulin resistance that is physiological in pregnancy but can be much more pronounced in some women, especially in case of overweight or obesity. Maternal obesity is a major risk factor of GDM. Yet, micronutrient deficiencies are frequently reported in obese patients. Some nutritional deficiencies, concerning particularly some lipophilic micronutrients (vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, carotenoids) may be associated with diseases linked to insulin resistance. Numerous studies show an inverse relationship between plasma concentrations and/or dietary intake of these micronutrients and incidence of type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D deficiency could be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes through an alteration of insulin secretion and sensitivity. Deficiencies in vitamin A, vitamin E or carotenoids (in particular lycopene and beta carotene) increase oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory status, and could thus be implied in the physiopathology of insulin resistance and glucose intolerance.

Some case-control studies find an inverse correlation between the plasma concentrations of vitamin D during pregnancy and the incidence of GDM, independently of age, ethnic origin and of body mass index. Data are scarce for vitamin A and vitamin E, and are lacking for carotenoids. Besides, the few available studies are mainly descriptive ones, without clear explanations on underlying mechanisms. The favourable effects of these micronutrients on insulin sensitivity could be partially mediated by adipokines and/or pro-inflammatory cytokines secreted at the level of the adipose tissue. Numerous studies showed that women developing GDM during their pregnancy presented with a significant decrease in the circulating rates of adiponectin, (that is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties) and a significant increase in the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines implied in the physiopathology of insulin resistance. In our laboratory (INRA unit 1260), we showed in experimental works conducted in vitro in human adipocytes and in vivo in mice that vitamin E could induce the transcription and the secretion of adiponectin; we also showed that vitamin D or lycopene could modulate the inflammatory reaction in the adipose tissue, which is involved in the physiopathology of insulin resistance.

Aims and methods We hypothesise that, in pregnant women, there is a link between plasma concentrations and dietary intakes of lipophilic micronutrients (mainly vitamins A, D, E and carotenoids), secretion of adipokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and risk of developing a GDM; we also hypothesise that this relationship is independent of age, body mass index, ethnic origin and other main risk factors of GDM. To test this hypothesis, we aim to lead a transversal monocentric study, within a population of 500 pregnant women submitted to a systematic screening of GDM by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the Hôpital Nord of Marseilles.

The main criterion of evaluation of the link between lipophilic micronutrients and GDM will be a nutritional score calculated as follows: for each micronutrient (vitamin A, D, E, lycopene, beta carotene, alpha carotene, lutein), we will attribute 0 point if the patient is situated in the lowest quartile, 1 or 2 points in the following quartiles, and 3 points in the highest quartile. At the end, each patient will thus have a score between 0 and 21 reflecting the global status of these micronutrients.

The main secondary objectives will be to define the relationships between the plasma concentrations and dietary intakes of these micronutrients and 1/the value of glycemia and insulinemia during OGTT 2/the degree of insulin sensitivity estimated by the measure of HOMA index, 3/the circulating rates of some adipokines (mainly adiponectin, leptin, chemerin) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF alpha, IL-1, IL-6), and 4/the children's birth weight.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Other: blood sample Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Lipophilic Micronutrients, Adipokines and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Study Start Date : November 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
blood sample Other: blood sample

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. link between plasma concentrations and dietary intakes of lipophilic micronutrients and risk of developing a Gestational diabetes mellitus [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • pregnant woman screen for Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pregnant woman with intercurate disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01678469

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Contact: Patrice Darmon, MD 001 34 91 96 87 23

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Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille Recruiting
Marseille, France, 13005
Contact: Patrice Darmon         
Principal Investigator: patrice Darmon         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille Identifier: NCT01678469    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-A001138-33
First Posted: September 5, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes, Gestational
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Pregnancy Complications