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Single Center Study Using Omalizumab in Subjects With Atopic Dermatitis (OXAD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01678092
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 26, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kari Christine Nadeau, Stanford University

Brief Summary:
A phase 1 single center study in which omalizumab is dosed normally (according to the product insert) in subjects with atopic dermatitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atopic Dermatitis Biological: omalizumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A Phase I randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of Omalizumab in subjects with severe atopic dermatitis and food allergy. Subjects were to participate for 2 years. The treatment period was a 24 week period during which subjects received Omalizumab either every 2 or 4 weeks subcutaneously (as per product insert guidelines). Subjects randomized to the placebo group received sterile water every 2 or 4 weeks subcutaneously. Previous medications were standardized at equivalent doses one month prior to the first dose. The monthly laboratory assessment for each subject included a complete blood count (CBC), serum chemistries (Chem7/AST/ALT), and IgE levels.

Safety: Adverse events and clinical status were actively monitored during study visits at weeks 4, 8, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, and 36 (up to 3 months after last study dose) the as well as reviewed in daily diaries per NIH assessment guidelines. Assessments of platelet count (CBC), liver function (LFTs), serum chemistry panel, and serum IgE were made on a monthly basis during the treatment period (24 weeks). Serum pregnancy testing was performed at screening only as part of the inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Efficacy: Efficacy parameters included a standardized SCORAD classification system, Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) score and subject/care giver global assessment for subjects at 24 weeks compared to baseline. An assessment for food allergy was made by skin prick testing and RAST performed at baseline and during or after the last dose. Diaries were also taken to assess use of concomitant medications and food allergy symptoms. In addition, one of the secondary endpoints was to assess the durability of effect of Xolair once the treatment was discontinued. This was achieved through follow-up visits 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the last treatment dose. The investigators also assessed use of concomitant medications and food allergies via daily diaries for each of these assessments.

Number of subjects planned: 20 (Omalizumab 10 and Placebo 10). Number of subjects analysed: (Omalizumab 4 and Placebo 4).

Male or female aged 4-25 years. Diagnosis of severe atopic dermatitis (meeting SCORAD criteria) with at least 6 months of documented symptoms. Also with concomitant food allergy as determined by a positive skin prick testing.

Omalizumab was supplied as a sterile, white, preservative-free, lyophilized powder contained in a single-use vial that is reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI), USP, and administered as a subcutaneous (SC) injection. A Xolair vial contains 202.5 mg of Omalizumab, 145.5 mg sucrose, 2.8 mg L-histidine hydrochloride mono hydrate, 1.8 mg L-histidine and 0.5 mg polysorbate 20 and is designed to deliver 150 mg of Omalizumab, in 1.2 mL after reconstitution with 1.4 mL SWFI, USP. Treatment dose was determined as outlined in the product insert.

2 year study duration (24 Weeks treatment). The reference was placebo (sterile water) given subcutaneously.

The primary efficacy variables were improvement of SCORAD, Physician's Global Assessment, and Subject/Caregiver Global Assessment scores for subjects at 24 weeks compared to baseline.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1, Single Center Study Using Omalizumab in Subjects With Atopic Dermatitis
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eczema
Drug Information available for: Omalizumab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be considered for inclusion in this study based on meeting all of the following criteria:

  1. Male or female, aged 4 to 25 years with weight at study entry of greater than 15 kg
  2. Subjects with AD involving greater than 10% of total body surface area (BSA)
  3. Subjects with AD PGA score of severe at study entry
  4. Subject with SCORAD score defined as severe at study entry
  5. IgE level at study entry between 50 IU/mL and 3000 IU/mL
  6. Subjects with documented food allergy as determined by a positive skin prick test to the specific allergen extract, defined as a wheal of at least 0.5 the diameter of the histamine produced wheal and at least 3 mm larger than the diameter of the negative control, associated with exacerbation of atopic dermatitis
  7. Men and women of reproductive potential who document use of adequate contraception during the study and for 3 months after the conclusion of treatment with study drug/placebo
  8. Historical documentation of atopic dermatitis on one occasion in the patient's medical record. The patient should have 6 months or more of atopic dermatitis symptoms.
  9. Women of childbearing potential who have a negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) at the time of study entry -

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be ineligible for this study based on any one of the following criteria:

  1. With a chronic or acute disease that might interfere with the evaluation of Xolair therapy
  2. Pregnancy or lactation
  3. Current or prior malignancies (excluding non-melanoma skin carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix that has been adequately treated)
  4. History of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HSC-1), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV); or Hepatitis A virus (HAV)
  5. Infections that require intravenous antibiotic therapy
  6. Significant organ dysfunction, including cardiac, renal, liver, CNS, pulmonary, vascular, gastrointestinal, endocrine, or metabolic
  7. Treatment with a humanized or chimeric antibody therapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  8. Treatment with any investigational drugs or therapies within 2 weeks prior to study entry
  9. Any use of oral, systemic corticosteroids within 2 weeks prior to study entry
  10. Any use of topical agents for eczema or anti-pruritic agents 1 week prior to study entry.
  11. Treatment with antihistamines within 4 days of the first skin test screen.
  12. History of allergen immunotherapy within one year of the study start -

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01678092

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United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94022
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
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Principal Investigator: Kari Nadeau, MD, PhD Stanford University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Kari Christine Nadeau, Principle Investigator, Stanford University Identifier: NCT01678092    
Other Study ID Numbers: 011394
First Posted: September 3, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 26, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dermatitis, Atopic
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Allergic Agents
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents