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fMRI and NIRS Imaging for Traumatic Brain Injury

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01668758
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : August 20, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:


- The amount of blood flowing in brain areas goes up when those areas are being used for activities, such as movement or seeing. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a common way of measuring blood flow in the brain. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can also be used to study blood flow in the brain. However, NIRS has not been used as often as fMRI. Researchers want to compare fMRI and NIRS to see whether they give similar results. These studies will be used to look at people who have had a traumatic brain injury.


- To test how well NIRS measure changes in blood flow in the brain after a traumatic brain injury.


  • Individuals between 18 and 60 years of age who have had a traumatic brain injury.
  • Healthy volunteers at least 18 years of age.


  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Researchers may ask to see brain images during from previous MRI scans.
  • Participants will have a NIRS scan of the brain. They will be asked to do certain tasks while inside the scanner. These tasks will involve responding to images that appear on a screen.
  • Treatment will not be provided as part of this study.

Condition or disease
Cognition Disorder Functional Brain Imaging

Detailed Description:

The goal of this study is to be able to assess frontal lobe function in a rapid, objective, and standardized way, without the need for expertise in cognitive test administration. Such methods would be particularly helpful in mild traumatic brain injury, where objective measures are needed, and would greatly expand the capacity to make such assessments in standard clinical practice.

Our goal is to recruit 100 subjects total in two groups of age, gender, and education matched subjects, as follows: TBI (n = 50) and non-TBI (n = 50).

The subject will be asked to perform 2 computer-based cognitive tests while the fNIRS device is in place. The fNIRS sensor pads will record changes in blood oxy/deoxy hemoglobin concentrations in the underlying cortex. Data will be stored for post processing analysis.

The main outcome measures will be: 1) a correlation of the fNIRS results between the TBI and non-TBI groups; 2) a correlation of the fNIRS results with the severity of the TBI within the TBI group. Finally, we plan to compare individual measurement from TBI patients with the healthy group.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Detection of Hemodynamic Changes in Traumatic Brain Injuries Population With Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Study Start Date : July 25, 2012
Study Completion Date : July 1, 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The main outcome measures will be to identify if the brain flow hemodynamic between the healthy and the TBI group is affected by trauma.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The secondary outcome of the two parametric paradigms will investigate if the degree of disruption correlates with measures of the severity of injury (GC scale). Finally, we will compare individual measurement form TBI patient with the health...

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Healthy population

- Age 18 to 60, inclusive.

Traumatic brain injuries population

  • Age 18 to 60.
  • Have a recorded past traumatic brain injuries rated in the Glasgow Coma Scale between 9 and 15


  • Pregnancy
  • History of hypertension
  • History of any disease of the central nervous system
  • Current use of sedating medication, including antihistamines
  • Subjects with any of the following will be excluded from MRI testing: aneurysm clip; implanted neural stimulator; implanted cardiac pacemaker or autodefibrillator; cochlear implant; ocular foreign body, such as metal shavings; permanent eyeliner; insulin pump; or irremovable body piercing due to the possible dangerous effects of the MRI magnet upon metal objects in the body.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01668758

Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Amir Gandjbakhche, Ph.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01668758    
Other Study ID Numbers: 120165
First Posted: August 20, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: July 1, 2013
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Traumatic Brain Injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Cognition Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders