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FACBC Outcomes for Post Prostatectomy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01666808
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ashesh B Jani, Emory University

Brief Summary:
Investigators will perform a study with 162 patients in whom there is a strong suspicion of prostate cancer that has returned to the body after having a prostatectomy. Half of these patients will have radiotherapy decision-making and delivery per the usual routine, and half of these patients will have the radiotherapy decision and volumes guided by the FACBC test (anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (anti-3- [18F]FACBC). The major goal of the investigation is to see whether the FACBC improves the selection and the cancer control rates of post-surgery patients with a rising PSA who undergo radiotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: FACBC Radiation: Radiation therapy Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor, with approximately 200,000 new cases diagnosed per year. Several different local therapies are available for treatment, including surgery and radiotherapy Significant advances have been made in the technical aspects of surgery and of radiotherapy which have improved both the cancer control outcomes as well as the morbidity of treatment. Despite these significant advances, approximately 30% of patients treated with definitive local therapy experience recurrent disease. Recurrent disease after prostatectomy usually manifests with rising PSA (blood test for prostate cancer). The PSA level is often of limited use in differentiating local recurrence (ie. recurrence in the prostate bed) from recurrence outside of the prostate bed ( extra-prostatic recurrence).

One PET radiotracer which has shown promise in the staging and restaging of patients with prostate carcinoma is anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (anti-3-[18F]FACBC) which is a synthetic amino acid analog. FACBC demonstrated higher accuracy compared with 111Indium-capromab-pendetide in the restaging of patients with suspected recurrent prostate carcinoma.

The major goal in this proposed investigation is to use advanced molecular imaging to better guide post-prostatectomy decision making, in terms of guiding the decision to deliver radiotherapy, and in terms of the exact areas treated with radiotherapy.

Investigators will perform a study with 162 patients in whom there is a strong suspicion of prostate cancer that has returned to the body after having a prostatectomy. Half of these patients will have radiotherapy decision-making and delivery per the usual routine, and half of these patients will have the radiotherapy decision and volumes guided by the FACBC test. The major goal of the investigation is to see whether the FACBC improves the selection and the cancer control rates of post-surgery patients with a rising PSA who undergo radiotherapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 165 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Advanced Molecular Imaging With Anti-3-[18F]FACBC PET-CT to Improve the Selection and Outcomes of Prostate Cancer Patients Receiving Post-prostatectomy Radiotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 18, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : April 18, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FACBC PET scan
A trial group in which anti-3-[18F]FACBC PET-CT is used to guide radiotherapy decisions and radiotherapy treatment volumes.
Drug: FACBC
FACBC is given intravenously prior to PET scan
Other Name: anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid

Active Comparator: Radiation therapy
A control group whose treatment decisions will be made based on conventional imaging - bone scan and abdominopelvic CT and/or MR scan.
Radiation: Radiation therapy
External beam radiotherapy to prostate bed +/- pelvic lymph nodes; final dose of 66.6 Gy.
Other Name: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Failure-free Survival [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Definition of failure is: serum PSA value of 0.2ng/mL or more above the postradiotherapy nadir followed by another higher value, a continued rise in the serum PSA despite radiotherapy (RT), initiation of systemic therapy after completion of RT, or clinical progression.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Decision changes regarding radiotherapy versus no radiotherapy [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Number of decision changes regarding radiotherapy versus no radiotherapy

  2. Decision changes regarding whole-pelvis versus local fields [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Number of decision changes regarding whole-pelvis versus local fields

  3. Total number of decision changes [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Total number of decision changes

  4. Prostate bed clinical target volume (CTV) [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Absolute volume pre- vs post-PET.

  5. Prostate bed planning target volume (PTV) [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Absolute volume pre- vs post-PET.

  6. PTV dosimetric endpoints [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Standard radiotherapy dosimetric endpoints used to evaluate target coverage. Planning target volume (PTV) at V100 and V110 refer to %volume of the structure receiving 100% and 110% of the prescription dose, respectively, pre and post positron emission tomography (PET).

  7. Rectum dosimetric endpoints [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Standard radiotherapy dosimetric endpoints used to evaluate normal tissue doses, in this case, the rectum. V40 and V65 refer to the %volume of the structure receiving 40 Gy and 65 Gy, respectively, pre and post positron emission tomography (PET) volumes will be compared.

  8. Bladder dosimetric endpoints [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
    Standard radiotherapy dosimetric endpoints are used to evaluate normal tissue doses, in this case, the bladder. V40 and V65 refer to the %volume of the structure receiving 40 Gy and 65 Gy, respectively, pre and post positron emission tomography (PET) volumes will be compared.

  9. Rate of ≥ Grade 2 GU toxicity [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Acute and late toxicity will be collected.

  10. Rate of ≥ Grade 2 GI toxicity [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Acute and Late toxicity will be collected

  11. Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC) GU domain score [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Total score range 0-12. Higher score correlates with worse outcome.

  12. EPIC GI domain score [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Total score range 0-12. Higher score correlates with worse outcome.

  13. EPIC Sexual domain score [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Total score range 0-12. Higher score correlates with worse outcome.

  14. EPIC total score [ Time Frame: 3-Year post-intervention ]
    Total score range 0-60. Higher score correlates with worse outcome.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 95 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adenocarcinoma of the prostate, post radical-prostatectomy Detectable PSA
  • ECOG/Zubrod Performance Status of 0-2
  • Negative technetium 99-m MDP or F-18 PET bone scan for skeletal metastasis
  • CT or MR scan of abdomen and pelvis which does not suggest presence of metastatic disease outside of the pelvis
  • Willingness to undergo pelvic radiotherapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindications to radiotherapy (including active inflammatory bowel disease or prior pelvic XRT)
  • Inability to undergo anti-3-[18F]FACBC PET-CT
  • Age under 18
  • Metastatic disease outside of pelvis on any imaging or biopsy
  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years
  • Severe acute co-morbidity, defined as follows:

    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization in the last 3 months
    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
    • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
    • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based upon current CDC definition; note, however, that HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol. The need to exclude patients with AIDS from this protocol is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive. Protocol-specific requirements may also exclude immunocompromised patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01666808


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ashesh B Jani, MD, MSEE Emory University
Principal Investigator: David M Schuster, MD Emory University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Ashesh B Jani, Emory University:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] March 7, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ashesh B Jani, Professor & Residency Program Director, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01666808    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00057680
1R01CA169188-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 16, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases