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Trial record 23 of 435 for:    colon cancer AND Capecitabine AND colon cancer

Phase I/II Study of Capecitabine Plus Aflibercept to Treat Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (X-TRAP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01661972
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 10, 2012
Results First Posted : July 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Strickler, M.D., Duke University

Brief Summary:

The Primary Phase I objectives are to determine the recommended phase II dose for the capecitabine and aflibercept doublet combination; and to describe any dose limiting and non-dose limiting toxicities. The Phase II Primary objective is to determine progression free survival associated with this regimen. The Phase II secondary objectives are to determine response rate associated with this regimen; to determine overall survival associated with this regimen; and to explore any correlation of clinical outcome with baseline and on treatment changes in blood-based angiogenesis biomarkers.

This open-label, non-randomized phase I/II trial is designed to assess the safety, tolerability and RPTD of capecitabine plus aflibercept in adult subjects with metastatic colorectal cancer.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Drug: Capecitabine and aflibercept Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 63 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: X-TRAP: Phase I/II Study of Capecitabine Plus Aflibercept in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Study Start Date : August 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 12, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 12, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase 1: Capecitabine and Aflibercept
A standard 3+3 dose escalation format will be used. Capecitabine will start at 850mg/m2 to be given on days 1-14 and off days 15-21. If tolerated, the dose will then be escalated to 1000mg/m2 for the next cohort, given on the same schedule. The dose of aflibercept will be held constant at 6 mg/kg, given intravenously every 3 weeks.
Drug: Capecitabine and aflibercept

Capecitabine given on days 1-14 and off days 15-21. Dose: Phase 1 cohort 1 850mg/m2 Phase 1 cohort 2 1000mg/m2, Phase 2 RPTD.

Aflibercept will be held constant at 6 mg/kg, given intravenously every 3 weeks.

Both agents will be administered on a 21-day cycle.


Experimental: Phase 2: Capecitabine and Aflibercept
Once the RPTD of the doublet combination has been identified, an additional 50 subjects with metastatic colorectal cancer will be added to a single, Phase 2 arm
Drug: Capecitabine and aflibercept

Capecitabine given on days 1-14 and off days 15-21. Dose: Phase 1 cohort 1 850mg/m2 Phase 1 cohort 2 1000mg/m2, Phase 2 RPTD.

Aflibercept will be held constant at 6 mg/kg, given intravenously every 3 weeks.

Both agents will be administered on a 21-day cycle.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended Phase II Dose (RPTD) for the Capecitabine and Aflibercept Doublet Combination [ Time Frame: RPTD for the study will be determined at the completion of Phase I; up to 1 year. ]
    Phase 1 of this study will be the dose escalation component to determine safety and the Recommended Phase II dose (RPTD) for the capecitabine plus aflibercept combination. Cohort 1 will receive 850mg/m2 capecitabine and 6mg/kg aflibercept. If less than 2 of 6 patients experience a dose limiting toxicity in Cohort 1, then the next patients will be enrolled in Cohort 2 at 1000mg/m2 capecitabine and 6mg/kg aflibercept. RPTD is determined by the number of dose limiting toxicities (Primary obj 2 for Phase I).

  2. Number of Dose-Limiting Toxicities (Phase 1) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

    Number of patients experiencing a dose-limiting toxicity in each cohort.

    A dose-limiting toxicity is defined as Grade 4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia or anemia or grade 3 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia lasting over 7 days Grade 3 thrombocytopenia associated with bleeding Febrile Neutropenia Nausea/Vomiting or Diarrhea ≥ grade 3 and lasting ≥ 4 days despite adequate supportive measures Grade ≥ 3 Bilirubin, ALT or AST > 7 days Other non-hematologic toxicity ≥ grade 3 excluding alopecia, anorexia, fatigue, hypertension, isolated lab abnormalities (not clinically significant) and/ rare, idiosyncratic reactions to any of the study drugs. Anorexia, fatigue and hypertension will be considered as DLT only if they reach grade 4 or are considered unmanageable Treatment delay of ≥ 14 days for cycle 2 due to unresolved toxicity Treatment-related death or clinically significant,treatment-related hospitalization


  3. Median Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: approximately 5 months ]
    Time in months from the start of study treatment to the date of first progression (PD) according to the RECIST criteria, or death due to any cause. Per RECIST criteria, a PD is indicated when there is at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameters from target lesions relative to the smallest sum recorded since treatment is initiated. Median PFS was estimated using a Kaplan-Meier curve, and is the time at which 50% of patients remain alive without disease progression.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: approximately every 9 weeks and/or restaging, through study completion ]
    The percentage of patients for whom the best overall response is complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). A CR occurs when all lesions disappear; whereas, a PR is indicated when there is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters (LD) of the target lesion. A PD (progressive disease) occurs when there is at least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD relative to the smallest sum LD recorded since treatment is initiated. Disease is considered stable if there is no response and no PD. All patients were assigned a best response for inclusion in this calculation in accordance with the protocol.

  2. Median Survival [ Time Frame: Subjects will be followed until death which is estimated to be on average 6 months - 1 year after coming off protocol therapy ]
    Time in months from the start of study treatment to date of death due to any cause. Median survival was estimated using a Kaplan-Meier curve and is the time point at which 50% of patients remain alive.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. For the phase I portion, patients must have histologically and/or cytologically confirmed malignant solid tumor that is refractory to standard therapies.

    For the phase II portion, patients must have histologically and/or cytologically confirmed metastatic colorectal carcinoma that has progressed on, is intolerant of, or is inappropriate for all standard therapies. Subjects must have been treated with a fluoropyrimidine (e.g., 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine), oxaliplatin, irinotecan and bevacizumab or have contraindication to such treatment. Prior epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting agent (or contraindication to these drugs) is required for subjects with K-Ras wildtype tumors

  2. Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria (see Appendix 1). Previously irradiated sites can be included if there is documented progression of disease in that site.
  3. Age 18 years and older.
  4. KPS > 70% (see Appendix 2)
  5. Life expectancy > 3 months.
  6. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count > 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelet count > 100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dl
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 2.5 x ULN (or <5 x ULN if liver metastases)
    • Creatinine clearance ≥50 mls/min by Cockcroft-Gault
    • Urine Protein/Creatinine ratio < 1 (or protein < 1+ on urinalysis or 24hour urine protein < 1gram/24 hours)
  7. Previous radiotherapy for palliation of recurrent disease is allowed if >4 weeks have elapsed since completion of therapy.
  8. Ability to take oral medications.
  9. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  10. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days from day 1 of study drug; both men and women must be willing to use two methods of contraception, one of them being a barrier method during the study and for 6 months after last study drug administration.
  11. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies or who have received anticancer therapies within 4 weeks from day 1 of study drug (including investigational agents, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibody based therapy, etc.)
  2. History of severe hypersensitivity reactions/anaphylaxis attributed to humanized and/or chimeric monoclonal antibodies or other such proteins.
  3. History of significant intolerance to capecitabine or 5FU (ie. Grade 4 toxicity related to one of these agents; grade 3-4 toxicity related to other concurrently administered agents is not an exclusion).
  4. History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation at any point within 6 months prior to day 1 of study drug, unless surgically repaired.
  5. Active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), diverticular disease or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation or gastrointestinal bleeding.
  6. Active bleeding diathesis or history of any major bleeding, CNS bleeding, or significant hemoptysis within 6 months of enrollment.
  7. Anticoagulation with warfarin (anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin is not an exclusion).
  8. History of arterial thromboembolic events or symptomatic pulmonary embolism within 6 months of study enrollment.
  9. Poorly controlled hypertension [defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP of >150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of >90 mmHg]
  10. Patients who have had a major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks from day 1 of study drug.
  11. History of active brain metastases or carcinomatous meningitis (treated metastases are permitted, provided the patient is asymptomatic and off steroids for 28 days).
  12. Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods. Two acceptable forms of contraceptives must be continued throughout the trial by either sex. Hormonal contraceptives are not acceptable as a sole method of contraception. (Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to day 1 of study drug).
  13. Any active infection, intercurrent illness, severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01661972


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Duke Cancer Center, Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Virginia
Virginia Oncology Associates
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23502
Sponsors and Collaborators
John Strickler, M.D.
Sanofi
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: John Strickler, MD Duke University

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Responsible Party: John Strickler, M.D., Associate Professor, Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01661972     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00037688
First Posted: August 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 11, 2017
Last Update Posted: October 29, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by John Strickler, M.D., Duke University:
colorectal cancer
all solid tumors
metastatic
refractory
advanced solid tumors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Capecitabine
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents