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A Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of GSK1605786 for Treatment of Patients With Active Ulcerative Colitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01658605
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study CCX115383 has been terminated prior to enrolment of any patients. A decision was made by GSK to delay pursuit of this indication as the biology evolves.)
First Posted : August 7, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
GSK1605786 is an oral antagonist specific for the chemokine receptor CCR9 in development for treatment of small bowel and colonic Crohn's disease (CD). The purpose of this Phase II proof of concept study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of GSK1605786 (500 mg twice daily) administered orally for 16 weeks for the treatment of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). A key secondary objective is to understand the mechanism by which GSK1605786 is acting and to this end samples will be collected to confirm the degree of inhibition of CCR9 on T lymphocytes in the blood of patients, and to explore the relationship between concentration of drug and changes in lymphocyte and antigen presenting cell populations in the peripheral circulation and in the colon. Patients recruited at specified investigational sites will be invited to participate in an optional sub-study to explore the effects of GSK1605786 on trafficking of technetium labelled T cells using Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT). Specifically, the technique will be used to follow trafficking to large intestine and thymus and findings linked to pharmacokinetics of GSK1605786, receptor occupancy and clinical efficacy outcomes

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colitis, Ulcerative Drug: GSK1605786 Other: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, 20-week, Multi-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Proof of Concept Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of GSK1605786 for Treatment of Patients With Active Ulcerative Colitis
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GSK1605786
Administered orally for 16 weeks in a 2:1 ratio
Other: Placebo
500 mg twice daily administered orally

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Administered orally for 16 weeks in a 2:1 ratio
Drug: GSK1605786
500 mg twice daily administered orally

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of GSK1605786 at week 12 following twice daily administration at 500 mg in patients with active UC. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Ordinal response (remission, response, or no response) to treatment as assessed by the MAYO score at week 12.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. safety and tolerability of GSK1605786 in patients with active UC following repeat dosing continued for up to 16 weeks [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Adverse events (AEs), Treatment effects on blood pressure, heart rate, electrocardiography (ECG) parameters and haematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis findings

  2. The time course of the efficacy of GSK1605786 [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    Incidence of remission (MAYO score ≤ 2 with no individual subscale exceeding 1) at Week 12, incidence of response (MAYO score decreased for ≥ 3 points in comparison with baseline) at Week 12, change in partial MAYO score compared to baseline through week 16, change in SCCAI score compared to baseline through week 16, incidence of endoscopic remission (mucosal healing) rate at Week 12 (defined as proportion of patients with endoscopy score of 0 or 1 on the MAYO endoscopic sub-scale) and time to withdrawal and/or use of rescue medication

  3. The anti-inflammatory activity of GSK1605786 in patients with active UC [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    Circulating soluble biomarkers (CRP, CXL10), faecal calprotectin levels, receptor occupancy (CCR9 internalization).

  4. The effects of GSK1605786 on quality of life in patients with UC [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, week 16 ]
    Quality of Life (IBDQ) Questionnaire.

  5. The systemic pharmacokinetics (PK) of GSK1605786 following twice daily administration at 500 mg in patients with active UC. [ Time Frame: DaysBaseline, week 4, week 8, week 12, week 16 ]
    The maximum observed concentration (Cmax) on Day 28; Trough concentration (Cτ) on Day 28; Plasma clearance and volume of distribution estimated based on population pharmacokinetic analysis of healthy volunteers (historical data) and patient data, if possible

  6. CCR9 occupancy (RO) in peripheral blood [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    TECK/CCL25 and CCR9 expression in colon biopsy at baseline and at 12 weeks

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female aged 18 and over at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • A female subject of child-bearing potential is eligible to participate if she agrees to use one of the contraception methods listed in Section 8.1 for an appropriate period of time (as determined by the product label or investigator) prior to the start of dosing to sufficiently minimize the risk of pregnancy at that point. Female subjects must agree to use contraception until completion of the follow-up visit.
  • Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form, prior to any of the screening procedures including discontinuation of prohibited medication.
  • At screening (visit 1): patients with a clinical history and examination suggestive of active UC for at least 3 months despite at least 2 weeks treatment with oral >2.4g/day mesalazine / mesalamine or equivalent.
  • At screening/randomization (visit 2):

    • Presence of active UC spread beyond the rectum (inflammation extending ≥ 15cm from anal verge) as evidenced by flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy during the screening window.
    • AND MAYO score of 5 - 10 inclusive.
  • AST and ALT < 2xULN; alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin ≤ 1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If female, is pregnant, has a positive pregnancy test or is breast-feeding.
  • Confirmed diagnosis of celiac disease, those who follow a gluten-free diet to manage symptoms of suspected celiac disease and subjects with positive serologic test for Tissue transglutaminase, tTG.
  • Subjects who have received immunisation with a live vaccine e.g. measles, mumps, rubella (each as in MMR vaccine), oral polio, varicella, yellow fever, within 4 weeks of screening and throughout the study, with the exception of influenza vaccine.
  • Known or suspicion of CD, indeterminate colitis, microscopic colitis, ischaemic colitis or radiation-induced colitis, based on medical history, endoscopy and/or histological findings.
  • Subjects with imminent need for surgery for UC in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Subjects where assessment of MAYO score is likely to be confounded by previous surgery (for example colectomy, ileostomies, colostomies or rectal pouches).
  • Subjects requiring enteral or parenteral feeding.
  • Use of prohibited medications within their specified timeframes (see Section 9).

    • 5-Aminosalicylic acid enema: within 2 weeks of screening and throughout study
    • Topical (suppository) 5-Aminosalicylic acid: at screening and throughout study
    • Biologic use: within 12 weeks of screening and throughout study
    • Corticosteroids use: Oral, rectal or parenteral corticosteroids within 4 weeks of screening and throughout study
    • Antibiotics: Intravenous antibiotics within 8 weeks of screening and throughout study (oral antibiotics are permitted where they have been used for >4 weeks with stable dose for ≥2 weeks prior to screening)
    • Probiotics: within 4 weeks of screening (patients who initiated probiotics or prebiotics more than 4 weeks prior to screening should continue use throughout study)
    • NSAIDs: Within 7 days of screening and throughout the study (except low dose aspirin (≤325 mg/day) which may be continued for cardioprotection)
    • Digoxin: or related cardiac glycoside (e.g. digitoxin, deslanoside, lanatoside C, metildigoxin) use at any time during screening and throughout the study.
  • Known HIV infection
  • A positive HBsAg, Anti-HBc, or Hepatitis C antibody result at screening or documented positive result within 3 months of screening.
  • Known varicella, herpes zoster, or other severe viral infection within 6 weeks of screening.
  • Active or latent tuberculosis (TB) infection:

    • The subject has a history of TB disease or latent TB infection, in the absence of documented adequate therapy for same.
    • Suspicion of current TB disease (including extra pulmonary TB disease such as tuberculosis enteritis) or latent tuberculosis infection, as evidenced by positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold test, or T-SPOT.TB test.
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities including primary sclerosing cholangitis (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
  • QTc ≥450 msec (≥480msec for those with Bundle Branch Block).

    • either QTcb or QTcf, machine or manual overread, males or females. The QT correction formula used to determine exclusion and discontinuation should be the same throughout the study.
    • based on single QTc value of ECG obtained over a brief recording period.
  • The subject has a concurrent illness or disability that may affect the interpretation of clinical data, or otherwise contraindicates participation in this clinical study (e.g., an unstable cardiovascular, autoimmune, congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, renal, hepatic, pulmonary, endocrine, metabolic, gastrointestinal, haematologic, or neurological condition or mental impairment).
  • The subject has current evidence of, or has been treated for a malignancy within the past 5 years (other than localised basal cell, squamous cell skin cancer, cervical dysplasia, or cancer in situ that has been resected).
  • Use of any investigational drug within 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer) prior to screening
  • Medical history of sensitivity to any of the components of GSK1605786 (microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, magnesium stearate, gelatin).
  • Prior exposure to GSK1605786: Any previous exposure to GSK1605786 (formerly ChemoCentryx compound CCX282-B).
  • Known positive stool culture for enteric pathogens
  • Positive immunoassay for C. difficile.
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period (with the exception of subjects involved in the optional scintigraphy sub-study, where no more than 700 mL of blood will be collected over the duration of the study, including any extra assessments that may be required).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01658605

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GSK Investigational Site
Leuven, Belgium, 3000
GSK Investigational Site
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105 AZ
United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, CB2 0QQ
GSK Investigational Site
Southampton, Hampshire, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD
GSK Investigational Site
Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, OX3 9DU
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
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Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline Identifier: NCT01658605    
Other Study ID Numbers: 115393
First Posted: August 7, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
ulcerative colitis
CCR9 antagonist
proof of concept
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colitis, Ulcerative
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases