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Modafinil - Escitalopram Study for Cocaine Dependence

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01601730
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 18, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2012
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard De La Garza, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to improve the efficacy of modafinil as a potential treatment for cocaine dependence.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cocaine Dependence Cocaine Abuse Cocaine Addiction Substance Abuse Drug: Modafinil and Escitalopram Drug: Placebo Drug: Modafinil Drug: Escitalopram Phase 1

Detailed Description:

In this application, we propose an augmentation strategy intended to improve the efficacy of modafinil as a potential treatment for cocaine dependence. Recent data indicates that during chronic treatment modafinil produces substantial dopamine transporter (DAT) inhibition. Given that cocaine inhibits DA, norepenepherine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) reuptake, it is highly likely that targeting more than one neurotransmitter system will be necessary for a medication to be effective. Assuming that this statement is true, we hypothesize that a combination pharmacotherapeutic approach that concurrently modulates multiple neurotransmitter systems will likely demonstrate a clinically significant level of efficacy above trials in which a single medication is used. The proposed approach is based on preclinical data indicating that medications that increase brain 5-HT levels reduce the effects of stimulants. We hypothesize that combining modafinil with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which will increase synaptic levels of 5-HT, will further improve the efficacy of modafinil for reducing the effects produced by cocaine.

Specific Aims: 1) to determine the effects of treatment with oral modafinil (0 or 200 mg) plus the SSRI escitalopram (0 or 20 mg) on the subjective and reinforcing effects produced by intravenous cocaine (0 and 20 mg) in the laboratory. 2) to characterize the cocaine dependent population and the genetic basis for the rewarding effects produced by cocaine. 3) to characterize the effect of both modafinil treatment and cocaine exposure onBrain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in plasma. We hypothesize that both modafinil treatment and cocaine exposure will alter plasma levels of BDNF. 4 a) provide a more frequent measure of heart rate (15 sec vs. 5 minutes) and b) measure a new dependent variable, physical activity, on days with and without cocaine exposure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 68 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: Combination Therapy With Modafinil and Escitalopram for the Treatment of Cocaine Dependence
Study Start Date : August 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Matching oral placebo capsules as control (Treatment 1: Modafinil 0 + Escitalopram 0).
Other Name: Sugar pill

Active Comparator: Modafinil 200 mg + Escitalopram 20 mg Drug: Modafinil and Escitalopram
Treatment 4: Modafinil 200 mg + Escitalopram 20 mg
Other Names:
  • Provigil
  • Lexapro

Active Comparator: Modafinil 200 mg Drug: Modafinil
Treatment 2: Modafinil 200 mg + Escitalopram 0.
Other Name: Provigil

Active Comparator: Escitalopram 20 mg Drug: Escitalopram
Treatment 3: Modafinil 0 + Escitalopram 20 mg.
Other Name: Lexapro

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The effects of modafinil and/or escitalopram and cocaine on cardiovascular measures
    Before and after each cocaine infusion, physiologic responses will be closely monitored using repeated HR, BP, and ECG readings. To evaluate safety, a DSMB will meet annually and following any serious AE to examine data as well as any new published information on modafinil and/or escitalopram relevant to the project. The number of AEs (including arrhythmias and ECG changes), changes in BP and HR, changes in cocaine PKs, and changes in mood and psychiatric symptoms (using the BSI, BDI, POMS, and BPRS) will also be assessed throughout the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The effects of modafinil and/or escitalopram and cocaine on subjective measures
    The ability of modafinil and/or escitalopram, as compared to placebo, to reduce cocaine-induced craving will be measured by VAS and ARCI.

  2. The effects of modafinil and/or escitalopram on reinforcing effects produced by cocaine
    The ability of modafinil and/or escitalopram, as compared to placebo, to reduce reinforcing effects produced by cocaine will be measured by choices for cocaine vs. money in the self-administration assay.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Be a cocaine-dependent volunteer who is non-treatment-seeking.
  2. Meet DSM-IV criteria for cocaine dependence as determined by SCID or MINI, and has provided at least one cocaine-positive urine specimen within the 2 weeks prior to enrollment.
  3. Be male or female, between 18 - 55 years old.
  4. Be able to verbalize understanding of consent form, able to provide written informed consent, and verbalize willingness to complete study procedures.
  5. Female subjects must be non-nursing and postmenopausal, have had a hysterectomy, undergone tubal ligation, or have a negative pregnancy test and agree to use birth control.
  6. Has medical history, physical exam, and screening laboratory results that demonstrate no contraindication to participation.
  7. Be experienced with smoking or i.v. use as a route of cocaine administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has a history of a medical adverse reaction to cocaine or other psychostimulants, including loss of consciousness, chest pain, cardiac ischemia, or seizure.
  2. Has a current psychiatric disorder other than cocaine abuse or dependence (e.g., major depression, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia).
  3. Meets DSM-IV criteria for dependence on other illicit drugs (e.g., methamphetamine, heroin).
  4. Has received opiate-substitution therapy within 2 months of enrollment.
  5. Has a current or past history of seizure disorder, including alcohol- or psychostimulant- related seizures, febrile seizures, or family history of seizure disorder.
  6. Has a diagnosis of adult asthma, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including a history of acute asthma within the past two years, and those with current or recent (with the past two years) treatment with an inhaled or oral b-adrenergic agonist.
  7. Has had head trauma that resulted in neurological sequelae (e.g., loss of memory for greater than 5 min or that required hospitalization).
  8. Has an unstable medical condition, which, in the judgment of investigators, would make participation hazardous, including, but not limited to, AIDS, acute hepatitis, active TB, unstable cardiac disease, unstable diabetes, hepatic or renal insufficiency (serum bilirubin or creatinine exceeding 1.5 the upper limit of normal, respectively).
  9. Be pregnant or lactating (nursing), or a fertile woman not practicing adequate methods of contraception or planning to become pregnant within one month of conclusion of the study.
  10. Has a history of suicide attempts within the past year and/or current suicidal ideation/plan.
  11. Has clinically significant ECG abnormalities, including QTc interval prolongation >450 ms in men or >480 ms in women.
  12. In the opinion of the PI, be expected to fail to complete the study protocol due to probable incarceration or relocation from the clinic area.
  13. Has clinically significant laboratory values (outside of normal limits), in the judgment of the PI.
  14. Is currently taking SSRIs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors or pimozide.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01601730

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United States, Texas
Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Richard De La Garza, Ph.D. Baylor College of Medicine
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Responsible Party: Richard De La Garza, Associate Professor, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT01601730    
Other Study ID Numbers: H-25669
1RC1DA028387 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
DPMC ( Other Identifier: NIDA )
First Posted: May 18, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by Richard De La Garza, Baylor College of Medicine:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Serotonin Agents
Substance-Related Disorders
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Wakefulness-Promoting Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers