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Food Security and Nutrition in Rural Cambodia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01593423
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 8, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 17, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia

Brief Summary:
The project is a three arm randomized control trial in rural Cambodia designed to evaluate the impact of homestead food production (home gardens) with and without fish ponds versus control on household food security, dietary intake of women and youngest child, biochemical nutritional status of women, and household livelihoods over a 22 month period. Baseline and end line surveys will be conducted that involve questionnaires and a blood sample.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Household Food Security Behavioral: plant-based Homestead Food Production Behavioral: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture Behavioral: a comparison group Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 900 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Integration of Small-scale Aquaculture With Homestead Food Production for Improved Household Food Security and Nutrition in Rural Cambodia
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture Behavioral: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture
In the case of the aquaculture arm a pond will be dug if there is not an existing pond and fingerlings and brood stocks will be provided. Hatcheries will be established if there is not one within a reasonable distance of the farms.

Active Comparator: plant-based Homestead Food Production Behavioral: plant-based Homestead Food Production
The village model farm will be provided with the necessary inputs to establish their farm including saplings seeds etc.

Sham Comparator: Control Behavioral: a comparison group
No intervention.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in nutritionally related biochemical measures at 22 months [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
    Haemoglobin (g/l) Haematocrit (%) Serum Ferritin (ng/ml) White Cell Count (x109/l) Red Cell Count (x1012/l) Mean Corpuscular Volume (fl) Mean Cell Haemoglobin (pg) Red Cell Width % Platelet Count (x109/l) Neutrophils % Eosinophils % Lymphocytes % Monocytes % Neutrophils # (x109/l) Eosinophils # (x109/l) Lymphocytes # (x109/l) Monocytes # (x109/l) C-Reactive Protein (mg/l)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 24-hour dietary recall [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
  2. Mid-upper arm circumference [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
  3. Household Food Security Scale [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be represented by a woman.
  • Must fall within the "poor" category in terms of community wealth rankings.
  • Must have access to land (including homestead) for agriculture cultivation.
  • Must have sufficient access to labor to undertake the homestead production activities.
  • Must have a keen interest in participating in this action.
  • Must have a least one child less than five years of age (in 80% of the target households).
  • Have suitable land for pond and preferably own a small pond

In addition village model farm owners will:

  • Have at least 1,200 square meters of land that can be used to establish the model farm;
  • Have some disposable income to invest in the model farm for fencing and land preparation;
  • Be productive, open to new ideas and willing to provide assistance to other households in the village;
  • Be able and willing to maintain the VMF throughout the year;
  • Commit to providing inputs and marketing support to group members at least during the project.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None, only that they don't meet the inclusion criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01593423

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Rural Cambodia
Phnom Penh, Prey Veng, Cambodia
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
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Principal Investigator: Tim Green, PhD University of British Columbia

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of British Columbia Identifier: NCT01593423     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H12-00451
First Posted: May 8, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 17, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016