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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT01586910
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Safety and Efficacy Study of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the Treatment of Severe, Symptomatic Aortic Stenosis in Intermediate Risk Subjects Who Need Aortic Valve Replacement (SURTAVI). (SURTAVI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01586910
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 27, 2012
Results First Posted : September 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medtronic Cardiovascular

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with severe, symptomatic Aortic Stenosis (AS) at intermediate surgical risk by randomizing patients to either Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) or TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve® System.

Single Arm: The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter aortic valve implementation (TAVI) in patients with severe symptomatic Aortic Stenosis (AS) at intermediate surgical risk with TAVI. This is a non-randomized phase of the pivotal clinical trial.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Severe Aortic Stenosis Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Procedure: Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) Device: Medtronic CoreValve® Evolut R System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1746 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Surgical Replacement and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (SURTAVI)
Actual Study Start Date : April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Medtronic CoreValve® System TAVI
Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Device: Medtronic CoreValve® Evolut R System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Active Comparator: SAVR
Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR)
Procedure: Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. All-cause Mortality or Disabling Stroke Rate Expressed as a Posterior Probability [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

    All-cause mortality: all deaths from any cause after valve intervention. This includes all cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular deaths.

    Disabling Stroke: a modified rankin (mRS) score of 2 or more at 90 days and an increase in at least one mRS category from an individual's pre-strike baseline.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events (MACCE) [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]

    MACCE is defined as a composite of:

    • All-cause death
    • Myocardial infarction (MI)
    • All stroke, and
    • Reintervention (defined as any cardiac surgery or percutaneous reintervention catheter procedure that repairs, otherwise alters or adjusts, or replaces a previously implanted valve)

  2. Percentage of Participants With Individual MACCE Components [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]

    MACCE is defined as a composite of:

    • All-cause death
    • Myocardial infarction (MI)
    • All stroke, and
    • Reintervention (defined as any cardiac surgery or percutaneous reintervention catheter procedure that repairs, otherwise alters or adjusts, or replaces a previously implanted valve)

  3. Percentage of Participants With Major Adverse Events (MAE) [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]
    Major Adverse Events (MAE) include all death, MI, all stroke, reintervention, cardiac perforation, cardiac tamponade, cardiogenic shock, valve malpositioning, prosthetic valve dysfunction, acute kidney injury, major vascular complication, life threatening or disabling bleed, major bleed, and valve endocarditis.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Conduction Disturbance Requiring Permanent Pacemaker Implantation [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]
  5. Change in NYHA Class From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]

    Change from baseline (continuous variable). A positive number corresponds to NYHA worsening; a negative number corresponds to NYHA improvement.

    New York Heart Association (NYHA) Classification:

    Class I: Subjects with cardiac disease but without resulting limitations of physical activity.

    Class I: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in slight limitation of physical activity.

    Class III: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in marked limitation of physical activity.

    Class IV: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort.


  6. Change in Distance Walked During 6-minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: From baseline to 30 days, baseline to 12 months, and baseline to 24 months ]
    Change in distance walked during 6MWT from baseline

  7. Ratio of Days Alive Out of Hospital Versus Total Days Alive [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 months ]
  8. Quality of Life (QoL) Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, 30 days, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]

    QoL summary score change from baseline using the following measures:

    • Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ): Quantifies physical function, symptoms, social function, self-efficacy and knowledge, and quality of life. Scores are transformed to a range of 0-100, in which higher scores reflect better health status.
    • 36 Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): Measures functional health and well-being. Scores are transformed to a range of 0-100, in which higher scores reflect better health status.
    • European QoL (EQ-5D): Measures 5 domains (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) that can be converted to utilities using an algorithm. Utilities range from 0 to 1, with 1 representing perfect health, and 0 corresponding to the worst imaginable health state.

  9. Transvalvular Mean Gradient (in mmHg) as an Assessment of Prosthetic Valve Performance [ Time Frame: discharge, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete ]

    Using the following measure:

    -Transvalvular mean gradient


  10. Effective Orifice Area as an Assessment of Prosthetic Valve Performance [ Time Frame: discharge, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete ]

    Using the following measure:

    -Effective Orifice Area (cm^2)


  11. Degree of Aortic Valve Regurgitation as an Assessment of Prosthetic Valve Performance [ Time Frame: discharge, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete ]

    Using the following measure:

    - Degree of Aortic Valve Regurgitation (Transvalvular and Paravalvular)


  12. Percentage of Participants With Aortic Valve Disease Related Hospitalizations [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]
  13. Percentage of Participants With Cardiovascular Deaths and Valve-Related Deaths [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete ]
  14. Percentage of Participants With Stroke and TIAs [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]
    Strokes (of any severity) and Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)

  15. Peri-procedural Neurological Injury [ Time Frame: discharge or 7 days post index procedure (whichever occurred first) ]
    Neurological injury (stroke, TIA, or encephalopathy)

  16. Index Procedure Related Major Adverse Events (MAEs) [ Time Frame: Procedure through 30 day visit ]
    Index procedure related MAEs were defined as events occurring during, or as a direct result of, the index procedure.

  17. Length of Index Procedure Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge (expected average of 7 days) ]
  18. Presence of Atrial Fibrillation [ Time Frame: post-procedure, discharge, 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]
  19. Device Success (Medtronic CoreValve® System Subjects Only) [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge (expected average of 7 days) ]
    • Absence of procedural mortality
    • Correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location
    • Intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (no prosthesis-patient mismatch and mean aortic valve gradient <20 mmHg or peak velocity <3 m/s, AND no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation)

  20. Procedural Success (Medtronic CoreValve® System Subjects Only) [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge (expected average of 7 days) ]
    Defined by device success and absence of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE)

  21. Evidence of Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction (Medtronic CoreValve® System Subjects Only) [ Time Frame: 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete. ]

    Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction (PVD) was defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) II using the Core Lab Echocardiography assessments including aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortic stenosis (AS) evaluations. Total aortic regurgitation (AR) reported as moderate or severe was considered

    PVD defined as:

    • Mean aortic valve gradient ≥20 mmHg AND ((EOA ≤0.9 cm2 if BSA <1.6 or ≤1.1 cm2 if BSA ≥1.6) OR DVI <0. 35 m/s) OR
    • moderate or severe total AR

  22. Percentage of Participants With Early Safety Endpoint [ Time Frame: 30 Days ]
    Percentage of participants with VARC II early safety composite at 30 days

  23. Percentage of Participants With Clinical Efficacy (After 30 Days) [ Time Frame: 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is complete ]
    Combined clinical efficacy after 30 days was defined as the composite of all-cause mortality, all strokes (disabling and non-disabling), hospitalization for valve-related symptoms or worsening congestive heart failure, NYHA III or IV, and valve-related dysfunction.

  24. Percentage of Participants With Time-Related Safety [ Time Frame: 30 days, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months. Data for 3-5 years will be posted once data is available. ]
    The VARC II time-related valve safety composite was defined as the rate of valve-related dysfunction (mean aortic valve gradient ≥ 20 mm Hg, EOA ≤ 0.9-1.1 cm2 depending on body surface area and/or DVI <0.35, AND/ OR moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation), aortic valve reintervention, prosthetic valve endocarditis, prosthetic valve thrombosis, thromboembolic events, and VARC II bleeding events.

  25. Resheath and Recapture Success (Evolut R Only) [ Time Frame: Procedure ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must have co-morbidities such that Heart Team agrees predicted risk of operative mortality is ≥3% and <15% at 30 days (Intermediate Clinical Risk classification). Heart team evaluation of clinical surgical mortality risk for each patient includes the calculated STS score for predicted risk of surgical mortality augmented by consideration of the overall clinical status and co-morbidities unmeasured by the STS risk calculation;
  • Heart Team unanimously agree on treatment proposal and eligibility for randomization* based on their clinical judgement (including anatomy assessment, risk factors, etc.);
  • Subject has severe aortic stenosis presenting with;

    1. Critical aortic valve area defined as an initial aortic valve area of ≤1.0cm2 or aortic valve area index < 0.6cm2/m2 AND
    2. Mean gradient > 40mmHg or Vmax > 4m/sec by resting echocardiogram or simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac catherization [or with dobutamine stress, if subject has left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <55%] or velocity ratio < 0.25;
  • Subject is symptomatic from his/her aortic valve stenosis, as demonstrated by New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class II or greater;
  • Subject and the treating physician agree that the subject will return for all required post-procedure follow-up visits;
  • Subject meets the legal minimum age to provide informed consent based on local regulatory requirements;

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has refused surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) as a treatment option; (not applicable for Single Arm)
  • Any condition considered a contraindication for placement of a bioprosthetic valve (i.e., subject requires a mechanical valve);
  • A known hypersensitivity or contraindication to all anticoagulation/antiplatelet regimens (or inability to be anticoagulated for the index procedure), nitinol, or sensitivity to contrast media which cannot be adequately pre-medicated;
  • Blood dyscrasias as defined: leukopenia (WBC <1000mm3), thrombocytopenia (platelet count <50,000 cells/mm3), history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy;
  • Ongoing sepsis, including active endocarditis;
  • Any condition considered a contraindication to extracorporeal assistance;
  • Any percutaneous coronary or peripheral interventional procedure performed within 30 days prior to randomization* (Subjects with recent placement of drug eluting stent(s) should be assessed for ability to safely proceed with SAVR within the protocol timeframe);
  • Symptomatic carotid or vertebral artery disease or successful treatment of carotid stenosis within six weeks of randomization*;
  • Cardiogenic shock manifested by low cardiac output, vasopressor dependence, or mechanical hemodynamic support;
  • Recent (within 6 months of randomization*) cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack (TIA);
  • Active gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding that would preclude anticoagulation;
  • Subject refuses a blood transfusion;
  • Severe dementia (resulting in either inability to provide informed consent for the trial/procedure, prevents independent lifestyle outside of a chronic care facility, or will fundamentally complicate rehabilitation from the procedure or compliance with follow-up visits);
  • Multivessel coronary artery disease with a Syntax score >22 and/or unprotected left main coronary artery (Syntax score calculation is not required for patients with history of previous revascularization if repeat revascularization is not planned);
  • Estimated life expectancy of less than 24 months due to associated non-cardiac comorbid conditions;
  • Other medical, social, or psychological conditions that in the opinion of the Investigator precludes the subject from appropriate consent or adherence to the protocol required follow-up exams;
  • Currently participating in an investigational drug or another device trial (excluding registries);
  • Evidence of an acute myocardial infarction ≤30 days before the index procedure;
  • Need for emergency surgery for any reason;
  • True porcelain aorta (i.e. Heart Team agrees the aorta is not clampable for SAVR);
  • Extensive mediastinal radiation;
  • Liver failure (Child-C);
  • Reduced ventricular function with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <20% as measured by resting echocardiogram;
  • Uncontrolled atrial fibrillation (e.g. resting heart rate > 120 bpm);
  • Pregnancy or intent to become pregnant prior to completion of all protocol follow-up requirements;
  • End stage renal disease requiring chronic dialysis or creatinine clearance < 20 cc/min;
  • Pulmonary Hypertension (systolic pressure> 80mmHg);
  • Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) demonstrated by Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) < 750cc;
  • Frailty assessments identify:

    1. Subject is < 80 years of age and three or more of the following apply
    2. Subject is ≥ 80 years of age and two or more of the following apply

      • Wheelchair bound
      • Resides in an institutional care facility (e.g., nursing home, skilled care center)
      • Body Mass Index < 20 kg/m2
      • Grip Strength < 16 kg
      • Katz Index Score ≤ 4
      • Albumin < 3.5 g/dL;
  • Marfan syndrome or other known connective tissue disease that would necessitate aortic root replacement/intervention; (Not applicable for Single Arm)

Note: Additional anatomical and vascular exclusion criteria may apply.

Note: * For purposes of the single arm phase of the trial, "randomization" will refer to trial enrollment.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01586910


  Show 86 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medtronic Cardiovascular
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stephan Windecker, MD, PhD Bern University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Rüdiger Lange, MD, PhD Deutsches Herzzentrum München
Principal Investigator: Thomas Walther, MD, PhD Kerckhoff Klinik
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey J. Popma, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Michael J. Reardon, MD The Methodist Hospital System
Principal Investigator: David H. Adams, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Study Chair: Nicolas M. Van Mieghem, MD Erasmus Medical Center
Study Chair: Patrick W. Serruys, MD, PhD National Heart & Lung Institute of Imperial College in London
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Medtronic Cardiovascular:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Medtronic Cardiovascular
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01586910     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IDE #G120169
First Posted: April 27, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 17, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 17, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Aortic Valve Stenosis
Constriction, Pathologic
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction