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Electronic-Measurement Based Care for Major Depressive Disorder (e-MBC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01583998
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (UTSW Family Medicine refused to comply with agreement to implement study after department head left university. Attempts to implement elsewhere failed.)
First Posted : April 24, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David W. Morris, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The pilot study will evaluate whether electronic-Measurement Based Care (e-MBC) using the UT Southwestern MyChart personal health record is feasible, associated with patient and health care team satisfaction, and improves treatment outcomes compared to a standard treatment model. The project will be conducted in the Simmons Cancer Center Clinic at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas as a collaborative effort between the Departments of Psychiatry, Oncology, and Family and Community Medicine. The primary patient population will include adults with significant depression and/or starting an antidepressant treatment and/or experiencing a treatment change. The study will compare two groups, an e-MBC group and an office-based standard care MBC group. Study staff will explain the study to the patients, specifically explaining that study participants will receive either office-based MBC or e-MBC. Eligible participants must be willing to receive either form of treatment monitoring. Participating patients will be randomly assigned to receive either e-MBC or office-based MBC. In the e-MBC group once a month the study nurse will send a prompt from the participating patients treating physician requesting the patient to use the MyChart system to fill-out the MBC scales. Beyond these monthly assessments, patients will be encouraged to utilize the MyChart MBC assessments (e-MBC) at any time to communicate with their physician. Patients experiencing difficulties using the e-MBC system will be given additional instruction by the study nurse. Patients and physicians will be trained in the use of the eMBC system. In the office-based MBC group the study nurse will schedule monthly treatment visits and request the patient call as needed to report symptoms. The evaluation period will be 6 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorder Behavioral: e-MBC Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a serious, debilitating illness that affects persons of all ages, races, and socioeconomic backgrounds. Despite the availability of new and effective treatments over the last 20 years, recent evidence continues to demonstrate high rates of inadequate antidepressant medication treatment in practice settings. Practitioners vary widely in how they assess treatment outcomes, including symptoms, function, side-effect frequency and burden. In contrast to other chronic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, back/neck problems, or hypertension, clinicians treating patients with depression do not routinely evaluate measurement-based care (MBC) treatment parameters. MBC provides an essential framework for physicians to approach depression treatment consistent with their approach for other common disorders. MBC is an effective means to provide patient-centered care for MDD, personalizing treatment decisions based on patient progress and their ability to tolerate the medication.

A key barrier to patient adherence with MBC treatment is that the approach requires patients to return to the clinic for several follow-up visits. The necessity of treatment visits varies widely among patients. Thus far, physicians using MBC for the treatment of MDD do not have a complete set of tools that are practical to use and allow treatment to be truly personalized patient-centered care.

One solution to this problem is to use an enhanced electronic personal health record, such as the MyChart system. This system could be easily modified to include the central elements of MBC for depression to allow for the systematic assessment of a patient's depressive symptom severity, antidepressant tolerability, and adherence to treatment in a timely fashion. This information would be available to allow the physician to provide patient-centered care by utilizing standardized assessment to personalize treatment for depression. The proposed electronic-MBC (e-MBC) addresses a critical gap in depression treatment by providing regularly-scheduled drug monitoring and continuity of care, in the face of limited patient and clinic resources.

Information technology (IT) systems have been effectively integrated into the medical treatment of patients but have yet to have substantial impact at the point-of-care. Applying e-MBC methods allows physicians to utilize existing information technology systems to improve depression treatment at the point-of-care. The key features of the proposed e-MBC approach are that it can be seamlessly integrated into standard clinical practice, and requires no additional IT knowledge or training to be effectively utilized by physicians and clinical staff.

In this pilot study the investigators will compare standard treatment (office based antidepressant management) to a group receiving scheduled electronic MBC assessments via an enhanced personal health record system (e-MBC). To date, no one has published feasibility studies evaluating the use of personal health records for measurement-based care of depression patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Electronic-Measurement Based Care (e-MBC) for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Actual Study Start Date : June 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: e-MBC
Patients will receive e-MBC
Behavioral: e-MBC
antidepressant treatment
Other Name: e-MBC for MDD

No Intervention: Treatment as Usual Control
Patients receive standard treatment

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) [ Time Frame: Every 30 days for 6 months ]
    Depression severity assessment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency, Intensity, and Burden of Side Effect Rating (FIBSER) [ Time Frame: Every 30 days for 6 months ]
    Antidepressant side effects

  2. Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ) [ Time Frame: At the end of study treament (6 months from the first assessment) ]
    Assesses satisfaction with care

  3. Physician Evaluation of Ease of Use Survey (EEUS) [ Time Frame: At the end of study treament (6 months from the first assessment) ]
    Physicians' perception of the ease of use of the e-MBC system

  4. Physician Evaluation of Usefulness Survey (EUS) [ Time Frame: At the end of study treament (6 months from the first assessment) ]
    Physicians' perception of the usefulness of the e-MBC system

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must plan to continue living in the clinic area throughout the study
  • Patients must be 18 to 65 years of age
  • Patients must give written informed consent
  • Patient must have clinically significant depression and/or starting an antidepressant treatment and/or experiencing a antidepressant treatment change
  • Patients must be willing and able to use MyChart to communicate with their physician

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a current Axis I diagnosis of Bipolar disorder or Schizophrenia
  • Patients who cannot read and understand English since all research instruments are not yet translated and validated in Spanish or other languages
  • Patients whose clinical status requires inpatient treatment at the time of baseline interview.
  • Current substance abuse or dependence
  • Patients with current suicidal ideation
  • Patients with general medical conditions that contraindicate antidepressant medications

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01583998

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United States, Texas
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

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Responsible Party: David W. Morris, Assistant Professor, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Identifier: NCT01583998    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R03MH092509-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 24, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Keywords provided by David W. Morris, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Major Depressive Disorder
Measurement Based Care
electronic health records
electronic medical records
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Pathologic Processes
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms