Prospective Study on Severe Infections on Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients (AML1411)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01570465|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2018 by Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : April 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|AML Adult||Other: Observation|
Treatment of AML patients during chemotherapy and SCT is frequently complicated by SI which may represent an obstacle to the antileukemic chemotherapy and transplant program. Antimicrobial prophylaxis, diagnostic approaches and antimicrobial therapy should be adapted to the infectious risk of the leukemic population. A crucial problem in the definition of these strategies is represented by the continuous change in the epidemiological patterns of infections as a result of the modification of risk factors in the leukemic population and of the global epidemiology of hospital and community acquired infections. In particular, the emergence of antibiotic resistant pathogens, particularly among gram negative bacteria, represents a serious problem which dramatically impacts on the antibacterial prophylaxis and treatments choices. A continuous epidemiology survey is required in order to better define proper prevention, diagnostic and treatment approaches. A common problem in the infections control in immunocompromised populations is represented by a late epidemiological consciousness. In particular, when new antileukemic strategies are implemented any change in the infectious epidemiology is frequently evidenced later retrospectively, but retrospective studies suffer of several drawbacks in the timely and proper collection of data.
The aim of the AML1310 GIMEMA protocol is to prospectively evaluate in a large population of newly diagnosed young AML patients the effect of a risk-adapted, MDR directed antileukemic strategy which includes chemotherapy and SCT. The objective of the trial is to evaluate the treatment strategy in terms of OS at 24 months and secondary objectives include the response rates and outcome according to clinical and biological characteristics at baseline and along the antileukemic treatment. A further secondary objective of the AML1310 study is the evaluation of the quality of life.
A prospective, longitudinal survey of infectious complications occurring in patients enrolled in the AML1310 study along the entire antileukemic program, as an ancillary observational study, may be a useful tool to evaluate in real-time the epidemiological patterns of infections, their impact on the OS, on the antileukemic treatment schedule, and on the quality of life. First, it may allow to assess whether the various types of SI, in addition to well known clinical and leukemia-related prognostic variables, are actually independent prognostic factors for the long-term outcome of AML patients. Second, the results of this survey may offer precious indications for the timely update of the prophylaxis , diagnosis and treatment strategies of infections in AML patients undergoing a modern antileukemic program. The advances in the treatment of AML resulting from the AML1310 study may be further enriched by the epidemiological consciousness derived by a parallel survey of the infectious complications.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||237 participants|
|Official Title:||Prospective Survey on Severe Infections During a Multicenter Study of Risk-adapted, MRD-directed Therapy for Young Adults With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia.|
|Study Start Date :||September 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2018|
All patients enrolled in the GIMEMA AML1310 study.
Assess the impact of each type of severe infections (SI) over the 24-month overall survival of young patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia along a predefined antileukemic treatment strategy.
- Prognostic role on overall survival [ Time Frame: At four years from study entry. ]At 24 months of each type of Severe Infection (SI).
- Rate of incidence of SI. [ Time Frame: At four years from study entry ]Rate of incidence of SI during chemotherapy, transplantation procedures, and follow up of patients enrolled in the GIMEMA study AML1310
- The impact of SI on the respect of the step by step time treatment. [ Time Frame: At four years from study entry. ]To estimate the impact of SI on the respect of the step by step time treatment along the GIMEMA study AML1310. SI will be considered among the causes of delay or discontinuation or change of the leukemia treatment schedule.
- Risk factors and prognostic factors of each type of SI. [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry ]To estimate the risk factors and prognostic factors of each type of SI according to baseline leukemia risk (low, intermediate and high risk) as defined in the AML1310 protocol;
- Overall and attributable mortality. [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry. ]To estimate the overall and attributable mortality at 3 months from the onset of the SI. Attributable mortality was defined as progressive organ failure involving the organ(s) in which SI was diagnosed and the absence of other morbid conditions thought, by the attending physician or pathologist, to have contributed to death;
- Rate of the in vitro susceptibility pattern to antimicrobials of bacteria causing SI with particular attention to the emerging resistances in gram negative bacteria (ESBL, KPC MDR); [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry ]To evaluate the rate of the in vitro susceptibility pattern to antimicrobials of bacteria causing SI with particular attention to the emerging resistances in gram negative bacteria (ESBL, KPC MDR);
- Rate of patients receiving each type of antibacterial and antifungal prophylaxis strategies employed during the various antileukemic treatments; [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry ]To evaluate the rate of patients receiving each type of antibacterial and antifungal prophylaxis strategies employed during the various antileukemic treatments;
- Rate of antibacterial and antifungal administered treatments guided either empirically or by clinical and microbiological evidences; [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry ]To estimate the rate of antibacterial and antifungal administered treatments guided either empirically or by clinical and microbiological evidences;
- Impact of SI in the quality of life. [ Time Frame: At 4 years from study entry ]To evaluate the impact of SI in the quality of life.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01570465
|Contact: Paola FAZI, Dr.||+39 email@example.com|
|Contact: Enrico CREA||+39 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Adriano VENDITTI, Pr.||Policlinico Tor Vergata di Roma|