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Prospective Investigation of Dynamics of ABL Mutations in Imatinib Failed CML Patients Treated With Nilotinib (AMICAN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01562847
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2014 by Dong-Wook Kim, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 26, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dong-Wook Kim, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purposes of this study are to investigate expression and frequency of ABL point mutations, a major cause of resistance in imatinib failed CML Asian patients and to find causes of Asian-specific resistance to cancer-targeting therapies through a prospective investigation of dynamics of point mutations and expression of new point mutations during nilotinib treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Nilotinib

Detailed Description:

Recently the treatment strategy of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia has undergone groundbreaking changes due to the development of new second-generation cancer-targeting drugs. After 2001, a seven-year survival for leukemia stands at as much as 86 percent due to the oral therapy of cancer-targeting imatinib as a standard treatment, but drug resistance occurs in some patients in the early stage of the treatment. It is known that weakened binding ability of imatinib to BCR-ABL is due to a point mutation in the ATP-binding site of BCR-ABL. This accounts for 70 percent of causes of imatinib resistance. According to the studies so far, there are approximately more than 60 types of BCR-ABL point mutation, which causes imatinib resistance.

The international phase II clinical study of dasatinib and nilotinib, second-generation cancer-targeting therapies, in imatinib failed patients which began in 2005 showed that more than 70 percent of the patients achieved a complete hematological response (CHR) again, and about 50 percent of the patients, a major hematological response (MHR). In the study, it was also observed that kinase activation was inhibited by a second-generation cancer-targeting therapy for most of the major imatinib-resistant point mutations. With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. T315I mutation exhibits strong resistance to both of these cancer-targeting therapies. Therefore, it is considered that the second-generation cancer-targeting therapies show therapeutic effects in different domains.

According to the results of the recent studies including the one conducted by our center, it is assumed that imatinib resistance caused by point mutations in patients induces more point mutations and causes selective increase in T315I point mutations during treatment of the second-generation cancer-targeting therapy.

However, in the studies so far, the subjects were selectively chosen in advance for the pharmaceutical company to receive an approval from the health authorities and ABL point mutations were followed up during the limited study period, which indicates that there have been limits to accurately observe and evaluate dynamics of point mutations throughout treatment with the second-generation cancer-targeting drug.

For this reason, this study is designed to examine ABL point mutations in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL-positive chronic leukemia who are treated with imatinib, to observe dynamics of existing point mutations during treatment with nilotinib, and to confirm the mechanism of resistance including expression of new point mutations and their expression patterns through a long-term follow-up. In addition, this study will confirm whether expression pattern of ABL point mutations associated with nilotinib in Asian is different from that in Western patients.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 125 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Dynamics of ABL Mutations in Imatinib Failed Ph Positive or Bcr-Abl Positive CML CP or AP Patients Who Treated With Nilotinib as Second-line TKI Therapy (AMICAN-Prospective)in Asia
Study Start Date : July 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2015

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Nilotinib Drug: Nilotinib
Patients will be treated with 800 mg nilotinib daily.
Other Name: Nilotinib: Tasigna

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To confirm the patterns of resistance including point mutations which are newly expressed during the nilotinib treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To analyze and evaluate the overall survival and disease free survival in the nilotinib treatment according to progression of the disease and types of point mutations [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
RNA analysis for mutation and Bcr-Abl gene quantification using mainly peripheral blood

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Korean Adult CML patients

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL positive CML
  • Chronic, Accelerated phase CML patients who show an inappropriate response to the imatinib treatment or failed the treatment according to ELN 2009 RECOMMENDATION
  • Patients with ECOG performance status of 0-3
  • Patients who consent to the use of study information and study specimen

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with diseases other than CML
  • Patients treated with myelosuppressive anticancer therapy other than Hydroxyurea and Angrelide
  • Patients who have been treated with second-generation cancer-targeting drug
  • Patients who do not consent to the use of study information and study specimen
  • Previously documented T315I mutation
  • Impaired cardiac function including any of the following: LVEF by echocardiography < 45% or below the institutional lower range (whichever is greater); complete left bundle branch block; long QT syndrome or family history of; history or presence of significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias; clinically significant brachycardia (< 50 bpm); QTcF > 450 msec at baseline; right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock; bifascicular block; myocardial infarction ≤ 12 months; uncontrolled angina; other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure)
  • Treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or medication that are well documented to prolong the QT interval are contraindicated
  • Impaired gastrointestinal(GI)function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery)
  • History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis
  • Know cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required)
  • Patients who previously had a bone marrow or stem cell transplantation
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding patients
  • Hypersensitivity to nilotinib or any of the excipients
  • The capsules contain lactose, and nilotinib is therefore not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01562847

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Korea, Republic of
Seoul St. Mary's Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 137-701
Sponsors and Collaborators
Seoul St. Mary's Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Dong-Wook Kim, MD, PhD Seoul St. Mary's Hospital
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Responsible Party: Dong-Wook Kim, Professor, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital Identifier: NCT01562847    
Other Study ID Numbers: CAMN107AKR05T
First Posted: March 26, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases