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Early Rehabilitation in Critically Ill Children Pilot Study (WeeHab in PCCU)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01531816
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 5, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
McMaster University

Brief Summary:
Critically ill patients are often confined to bedrest, because of the nature of their illness. However, it has now been shown that prolonged bedrest and immobility, particularly in critically ill adults and children, can lead to serious outcomes such as muscle weakness and prolonged stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). Research in adults has demonstrated that preventing immobility and introducing exercise and rehabilitation in adult patients early during their ICU illness can prevent these serious outcomes, reduce the duration of hospital stay, and enhance their recovery after they leave the ICU. The purpose of our research is to investigate if early mobilization and rehabilitation can also be performed in critically ill children, and eventually evaluate this results in beneficial outcomes in these children, as it has been shown to be in adults. However, given that children are not the same as adults, but have varying abilities to understand and participate in activities when they are sick, the investigators first have to evaluate the most appropriate and safe ways of helping children "exercise" while they are in the ICU. This objective of this study is to evaluate if 2 methods of rehabilitation (a stationary bike and interactive video game) can be implemented in critically ill children. These methods have been used in hospitalized children and in critically ill adults. The investigators will evaluate if these methods are safe for critically ill children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Critical Illness Device: Early Rehabilitation intervention Phase 1

Detailed Description:

In this prospective cohort pilot study, eligible critically ill children aged 3 to 17 years will receive in addition to their usual care, a passive and/or an active mobility intervention, depending on their level of consciousness or cognitive ability. The active intervention will consist of an interactive video game (X Box 360 Kinect), while a cycle ergometer will be used as the passive intervention. The mobility interventions will be applied for a minimum of 10 minutes on day 1, and 20 minutes on day 2. For unconscious patients, or eligible patients who cognitively impaired, the passive intervention will be applied. As soon as the patient is conscious and cooperative, the active intervention will be applied.

The primary outcomes of interest in this pilot study are feasibility (defined as the ability to screen and enroll patients, consent rate and protocol adherence). Secondary outcomes of interest include safety outcomes, clinical outcomes and patient and caregiver satisfaction with the intervention.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Rehabilitation in Critically Ill Children, a Pilot Study
Study Start Date : February 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Rehabilitation

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm: Study Intervention
Cycle ergometry and/or Interactive video-game
Device: Early Rehabilitation intervention
  1. Passive mobility: cycle ergometer
  2. Active mobility: interactive video-game (X Box 360 Kinect) Each intervention will be applied for a maximum of 2 days respectively. If a participant is unconscious on Day 1 and receives the passive intervention, and thereafter becomes alert and cooperative on day 2, then he/she can receive the active intervention.
Other Names:
  • Cycle Ergometer
  • X Box 360 Kinect

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility [ Time Frame: 2 days ]

    The primary outcome of interest in this pilot study is feasibility. Feasibility is defined as follows:

    1. The ability to screen and enroll eligible patients - enrolment rate of at least 70% of those approached for consent (benchmark for PCCU trials)
    2. Time to application of acute rehabilitation intervention.
    3. Protocol adherence - a protocol violation rate of < 10%.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety [ Time Frame: Study period ]
    The proportion of patients with adverse events attributable to the rehabilitation intervention (e.g. cardiorespiratory events, tube dislodgement's).

  2. Change in activity from baseline [ Time Frame: From baseline to end of intervention ]
    Change in activity from baseline, during and following the intervention as measured by accelerometer, and patient

  3. Caregiver/user perception of intervention [ Time Frame: At end of study period ]
    Self-administered survey of caregiver and or user, to evaluate perceptions of intervention

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Anticipated PCCU stay of more than 24 hours.
  2. Clinical stable children at PCCU
  3. Informed consent and or assent where appropriate
  4. Agreement of the most responsible PCCU physician
  5. Age ≥ 3years to < 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Hemodynamic instability, defined as requiring escalation in vasoactive agents or volume resuscitation within the preceding 4 hours. (Patients who are on stable or weaning doses of vasoactive agents will be considered eligible).
  2. Anticipated death and/ or withholding of life-sustaining therapies
  3. The presence of a contraindication to mobilization- e.g. Suspected or actual evidence of cerebral edema or elevated ICP, unstable spinal cord injuries, musculoskeletal injuries/ fixed deformities in the lower limbs (for the use of cycle ergometer) or the upper limbs (for the use of interactive video-gaming)
  4. Unstable airway (defined as impending respiratory failure and/or endotracheal intubation is anticipated within the next 4 hours).
  5. Patients who are already mobilizing well/or at their baseline level of function

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01531816

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Canada, Ontario
McMaster Children's Hospital
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 3Z5
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
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Principal Investigator: Karen Choong, MB, BCh, MSc McMaster University
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Responsible Party: McMaster University Identifier: NCT01531816    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-008
First Posted: February 13, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 5, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013
Keywords provided by McMaster University:
Critically ill Children
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Critical Illness
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes