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Dexmedetomidine on Intraoperative Somatosensory and Motor Evoked Potential Monitoring During Neurosurgery in Pediatric Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01512147
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 19, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heike Gries, MD, PhD, Oregon Health and Science University

Brief Summary:

The investigators want to know if using the study drug dexmedetomidine will improve nerve wave readings during neurosurgery. These readings are done many times during surgery while the patient is asleep. The readings look at how nerves are working and let the operating team know if nerves are hurt during surgery. If the readings tell that nerves are not working correctly, the surgeons can help while changing the way of operating.

The study drug will be used in addition to the general anesthesia that a patient is given. The nerve readings that the investigators get while using the study drug will be compared with nerve readings that the investigators get while not using the study drug.

The study hypothesis is that dexmedetomidine does not change nerve readings.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tethered Spinal Cord Brain Tumor Cranio Cervical Compression Other: Isoflurane, Propofol, Dexmedetomidine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) and motor evoked potential (MEP) have become an integral component in intraoperative care of patients and have resulted in a high degree of sensitivity in predicting neurologic outcomes. According to Padberg, Nuwer and Ecker ,SSEP and MEP monitoring allows surgical interventions to occur early and thus decreases the incidence of postoperative neurologic deficits.

These measurements are done during surgery under general anesthesia and it is known that anesthetic agents have a dose-dependent adverse effect on the ability to record evoked potential responses. All anesthesia agents seem to interfere with the measurements especially in higher doses.

In 1999, dexmedetomidine, a highly specific and selective alpha-2-adrenergic agonist with sedative, anxiolytic and analgesic effects, got FDA approved for adult patients for sedation. Since then, it has also been widely used off-label in various settings; it is described as a successful adjunct for surgical procedures in adolescents and adult populations where SSEP/ MEP monitoring is beneficial. Several small and retrospective studies have shown that dexmedetomidine does not appear to interfere with neurophysiological monitoring when used in FDA approved doses.

In pediatric patients, dexmedetomidine is also used off-label and has been shown to be beneficial. In fact, at Doernbecher Childen's Hospital, the use of dexmedetomidine has become a standard in pediatric procedures involving SSEP and MEP measurements. To the best of our knowledge, prospective studies in pediatric patients with SSEP monitoring while using dexmedetomidine have not been completed.

If dexmedetomidine does not interfere the SSEP/MEP reading, it might be an advantageous adjunct to use in these settings. Propofol has a small risk of a serious side effect called propofol infusion syndrome. Propofol infusion syndrome is potentially life threatening, with the development of a profound lactate acidosis. It is seen when large doses of propofol (usually from a prolonged infusion) are given in the pediatric population.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Measuring the Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Somatosensory Evoked and Muscular Evoked Potential During Neurosurgery in Pediatric Patients
Study Start Date : December 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Isoflurane, Propofol, Dexmedetomidine
Our trial will examine the changes in latency and amplitude of SSEP and changes in amplitude and morphology of MEP while using different anesthetic combinations including isoflurane, proposal and dexmedetomidine. Monitoring teams will document any changes throughout the surgery and communicate with the team about those changes. The design of the study will be a prospective AB design.
Other: Isoflurane, Propofol, Dexmedetomidine

We will include following general anesthesia techniques:

Fentanyl 1 - 2 mcg/kg/hr, Propofol 150 - 250 mcg/kg/min, Isoflurane 0.6% expiratory With this general anesthesia technique we will do our first SSEP/MEP measurements after 30 minutes.

After 30 minutes we will stop isoflurane and will wash out the inhalational anesthetic with high flow air/oxygen and provide:

Fentanyl 1 - 2 mcg/kg/hr, Propofol 150 - 250mcg/kg/min. This technique will be held for 30 minutes. SSEP/ MEP measurements will be done after 30 minutes.

After the measurements dexmedetomidine will be added with a loading dose of 0.5 mcg/kg over 10 minutes and continuous infusion of 0.5 mcg/kg/hr for 30 minutes.

Fentanyl 1 -2 mcg/kg/hr, Propofol 100 - 250mcg/kg/min, Dexmedetomidine 0.5 mcg/kg/hr.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Significant improvement of MEP and SSEP readings during neurosurgery for pediatric patients while using dexmedetomidine as an adjunct to general anesthesia and therefore improvement in clinical decision making. [ Time Frame: 30 - 60 minutes of SSEP and MEP measurements intraoperatively ]
    Changes in latency and amplitude of SSEP and changes in amplitude and morphology of MEP while using different anesthetic combinations including isoflurane, propofol and dexmedetomidine.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pediatric patients between 2 and 12 years old
  • Undergoing neurosurgery and
  • Requiring SSEP/ MEP measurements

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients younger than 2 and older than 12 years
  • Patients with known bradyarrhythmias
  • Patients with severe liver disease
  • Conditions that may alter reading, e.g. neuromuscular diseases

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01512147

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United States, Oregon
Ohsu - Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Health and Science University
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Principal Investigator: Heike Gries, MD, PhD Oregon Health and Science University


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Responsible Party: Heike Gries, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Pediatric Anesthesiology, Oregon Health and Science University Identifier: NCT01512147     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00007472
First Posted: January 19, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Keywords provided by Heike Gries, MD, PhD, Oregon Health and Science University:
SSEP measurements
MEP measurements
Pediatric Patients
General Anesthesia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anesthetics, Inhalation