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Effectiveness and Safety of Treatment of Insulin Glargine in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Following Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) Failure (GAUDI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01461577
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 30, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective:

  • To assess the efficacy of insulin glargine as measured by changes of HbA1c levels from baseline in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients following GLP-1 failure.

Secondary Objective:

  • To determine the change in glycemic control, safety, and treatment satisfaction in insulin glargine use in patients following GLP-1 failure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: INSULIN GLARGINE HOE 901 Phase 4

Detailed Description:
1-2 weeks screening period, 24 weeks treatment period, 1 week follow-up period

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 89 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Open-label, Single-arm, 24 Week Phase IV Study Evaluating the Effectiveness and Safety of Treatment of Insulin Glargine in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Following Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) Failure
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: insulin glargine
Insulin glargine will be administered once a day, in the morning, at initial dose of 4 units/day. Titration of insulin dose will be performed referred with the median fasting plasma glucose value for the last 3 consecutive days according to the titration algorithm
Pharmaceutical form:solution Route of administration: subcutaneous

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy assessment of insulin glargine measured by changes of HbA1c levels from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Responder rate (HbA1c levels <7%) without severe hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  2. Responder rate (HbA1c levels <6.5% and <7%) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  3. Changes of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  4. Changes of beta cell marker: C-peptide from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  5. Changes of Lipid profile: Lipid profile from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  6. Weight change from baseline [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  7. Total insulin dose (per kg body weight) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  8. Evaluation of patient's treatment satisfaction [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  9. Number of patients with hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: up to 24 weeks ]
  10. Number of patients with treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 24 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Patients of aged ≥30 and ≤75 years with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
  • Hemoglobin A1c (glycosylated hemoglobin; HbA1c) levels measured at screening ≥7.5%
  • Continuous treatment with stable doses of GLP-1 analogue for >3 months prior to enrollment (for patients also using oral anti-hyperglycemic drugs [OADs], continuous treatment with stable doses of OADs for >3 months prior to enrollment)

Exclusion criteria:

  • Inpatient with T2DM
  • Diabetes other than T2DM (e.g. secondary to pancreatic disorders, drug or chemical agent intake)
  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels <130mg/dL
  • Body mass index (BMI) >28 kg/m2
  • Patients using thiazolidinediones in the last 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Use of any treatment for weight loss in the last 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Treatment with systemic corticosteroids within the 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Patients using non-selective ß-blockers
  • Likelihood of requiring treatment during the study period with drugs not permitted by the clinical trial protocol
  • Most recent ophthalmologic examination >6 months prior to enrollment
  • Diabetic retinopathy with surgical treatment (last photocoagulation or vitrectomy) in the 3 months before enrollment or which may require surgical treatment
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy or any other unstable rapidly progressive retinopathy
  • Impaired renal function defined as, but not limited to, serum creatinine ≥1.3 mg/dL [males] or ≥1.2 mg/dL [females] or presence of macroproteinuria (>1 g/day)
  • Active liver disease including hepatic cirrhosis, hepatic failure, and hepatitis or alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2 times upper limit or total bilirubin >1.5 times upper limit of normal (except in case of Gilbert's syndrome) at enrollment
  • Have any condition (including known substance or alcohol abuse or psychiatric disorder) that precludes the patient from following and completing the study protocol
  • Any medical condition that may have an influence on HbA1c rate
  • Currently undergoing therapy for malignancy which may affect the study evaluation
  • Use of any investigational product and/or device within the 2 months prior to enrollment
  • History of ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state during the previous 12 months prior to enrollment
  • History of stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty within the previous 12 months prior to enrollment
  • History of congestive heart failure
  • History of hypoglycemia unawareness or unexplained hypoglycemia during the previous 12 months prior to enrollment
  • Hemoglobinopathy or hemolytic anemia, transfusion of blood or plasma products within 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Known hypersensitivity / intolerance to insulin glargine or any of its excipients
  • History of pancreatitis
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women (women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and a medically approved contraception method)
  • Shift workers or those who regularly work a night-time shift

The above information is not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a patient's potential participation in a clinical trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01461577

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Administrative office
Tokyo, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
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Responsible Party: Sanofi Identifier: NCT01461577    
Other Study ID Numbers: LANTU_L_05477
U1111-1118-8753 ( Other Identifier: UTN )
First Posted: October 28, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 30, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin Glargine
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs