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Oral Lenalidomide and Intravesical BCG for Therapy of Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01373294
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 14, 2011
Results First Posted : May 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2019
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:

The purposes of this study are to:

  • find out whether participants' cancer returns or gets worse while they are taking lenalidomide and Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG);
  • evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of lenalidomide and BCG;
  • compare the cancer progression of participants taking lenalidomide and BCG versus participants taking only BCG

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Drug: Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) Drug: Lenalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Investigators planned to screen approximately 100 people with bladder cancer who are 18 years of age or older throughout the United States for this study.

This is a multi-center study combining two marketed drugs, one of which has not been used previously in people with transitional cell cancer. Lenalidomide (Revlimid®) is a drug that alters the immune system and it may also interfere with the development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may reduce or prevent the growth of cancer cells. Lenalidomide is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in combination with dexamethasone for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least 1 prior therapy. MDS and MM are cancers of the blood. Lenalidomide is currently being tested in a variety of cancer conditions. It is not approved by the FDA for use in people with bladder cancer, so in this case it is considered experimental.

The other drug used in this study is Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG). BCG is approved by the FDA for use in people with bladder cancer.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immune Modulation by Addition of Oral Lenalidomide to Intravesical BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerrin) for Therapy of Non-muscle-invasive Transitional Cell Bladder Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 9, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 10, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A: Combination Arm

Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) and lenalidomide.

Participants were assigned to receive BCG or BCG and lenalidomide based on their cancer. This group received BCG + lenalidomide)

Drug: Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG)
Participants will receive BCG instillations once per week for the first 6 weeks. At 3 months and 6 months, participants will receive BCG instillations once per week for three weeks.
Other Name: BCG Vaccine

Drug: Lenalidomide
Participants may also receive capsules of lenalidomide 10 mg to swallow once per day for 7 months. The study doctor will tell participants if they will be taking lenalidomide.
Other Name: Revlimid®

Active Comparator: B: Control Arm

Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) only.

Participants were assigned to receive BCG or BCG and lenalidomide based on their cancer.

This group was not eligible to receive the combination of BCG + lenalidomide.

Drug: Bacille Calmette-Guerrin (BCG)
Participants will receive BCG instillations once per week for the first 6 weeks. At 3 months and 6 months, participants will receive BCG instillations once per week for three weeks.
Other Name: BCG Vaccine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Arm A: Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The 1-year progression free/ recurrence free/ bladder-intact survival was tabulated for the experimental arm for a median follow-up period of 369 days. The progression free/ recurrence free/ bladder-intact survival is defined as the time from start of study treatment to first documentation of objective tumor progression, recurrence, bladder resection or irradiation or to death due to any cause, whichever comes first. PFS data was not collected for participants in the Arm B: Control because too few participants were enrolled in Arm B to conduct the planned per Arm comparison

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Duration of study treatment and follow-up - average of 12 months ]
    Number of participants with treatment emergent AEs or SAEs per category. SAEs will be specifically labeled as such. Participants were assessed at monthly intervals (corresponding to Revlimid™ refill points for adverse events), classified by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0, and these were tabulated.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Effect of Addition of Revlimid on Cytokines [ Time Frame: Duration of study treatment and follow-up - average of 12 months ]
    The immunologic impact of the addition of Revlimid™ to BCG for secondary prevention of non-muscle-invasive transitional cell bladder cancer, in terms of a panel of correlative assays. The effect of addition of Revlimid on cytokines associated with generation of immune response and on cytotoxic T lymphocytes and memory phenotype lymphocytes.

  2. Comparison of the Correlative Assay [ Time Frame: 1 year post disease response ]
    For comparing the correlative assay results of ever-relapsers vs non-relapsers, the combined data with the monotherapy and combination therapy groups would be applied. The participants would be categorized based on 1-year relapse.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria - Either control group or combination treatment:

  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Ta high grade, T1 high grade or Tis transitional cell bladder cancer, s/p transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) with no remaining resectable disease
  • Adequate cardio-pulmonary function (</= Class II ) as defined by New York Heart Association Classification, at the time of screening, and no history of myocardial infarction or heart failure within 6 months of start
  • Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/mm³
    • Platelet count ≥ 75,000
    • Serum creatinine for which computed creatinine clearance is ≥ 30 ml/min, or directly measured creatinine clearance ≥ 30 ml/min
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) [serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)] and Alanine transaminase (ALT) [serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)] ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0, 1 or 2

Inclusion Criteria - Combination treatment:

  • Prior BCG treatment for non-muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) last administered < 2 years for Ta high-grade, T1 high grade, Cis, or combination thereof
  • Must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy.
  • Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the participant from providing informed consent
  • Pregnant or breast feeding (lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the patient at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide
  • Known hypersensitivity to BCG or tuberculosis vaccination
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
  • Any prior use of lenalidomide
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
  • Known presence of autoimmune disease or immune deficit or chronic disease such as HIV, infectious hepatitis (type B or C), or tuberculosis
  • T2+, or N1+, or M+ disease
  • Ta or T1 low grade disease only
  • Concurrent use of chronic oral steroids, for any indication
  • Recent history of deep venous thrombosis currently receiving anticoagulation therapy, with the clot event being in the last 6 months
  • Diagnosis of any prior malignancies for the last 5 years with exception of definitively treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix or breast
  • Life expectancy less than 1 year, by treating physician estimate
  • Known exposure to person with active tuberculosis within 48 hours of starting treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01373294

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Celgene Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Mayer Fishman, M.D., Ph.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT01373294     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-16295
RV-BLD-PI-0330 ( Other Identifier: Celgene Corp. )
First Posted: June 14, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 12, 2016
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
transitional cell
oral lenalidomide
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents