Allogeneic GM-CSF Vaccine and Lenalidomide in Treating Myeloma Patients With Near Complete Remission
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01349569|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 6, 2011
Results First Posted : January 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2019
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Multiple Myeloma||Drug: Lenalidomide Biological: Allogeneic Myeloma Vaccine Biological: Prevnar-13||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||19 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Administration of an Allogeneic Myeloma GM-CSF Vaccine in Conjunction With a Lenalidomide Containing Regimen in Myeloma Patients With Near Complete Remission|
|Study Start Date :||January 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 2016|
Experimental: Myeloma Vaccine, Prevnar, & Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide will be continued on the same dose as was being administered prior to the study. The allogeneic myeloma vaccine and Prevnar-13 vaccine will be given on four days over the course of the study.
Dosage forms: 5, 10, 15 and 25 mg capsules. Patients will be continued on the same dose of lenalidomide as they were prior to being enrolled in the study. Doses of lenalidomide for investigation can vary from 5- 25 mg/day, orally on days 1 - 21 followed by 7 days rest (28 day cycle).
Other Name: Revlimid
Biological: Allogeneic Myeloma Vaccine
A total of 4 vaccines will be administered. The first three at monthly intervals and a booster at 6 months from the initial vaccine. Each vaccination will consist of five total intra-dermal injections, two each in the right and left anterior upper thighs, and one in the non-dominant upper arm (unless contraindicated). Each dose will be administered on an outpatient basis. The subject must be observed in the clinic for at least 30 minutes after vaccination is completed.
Prevnar-13 will be administered at 0.5ml dose by intramuscular injection at the same time as GVAX vaccine.
Other Name: Pneumococcal 13-Valent Conjugate Vaccine
- Response Conversion Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Number of participants who converted from near complete remission (nCR) to complete remission (CR) as measured by the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria. Near complete remission is defined as negative serum and urine electrophoresis, < 5% plasma cells in the bone marrow, and positive serum and/or urine immunofixation. Complete response is defined as negative serum and urine immunofixation and a bone marrow aspirate with < 5% plasma cells.
- Time to Response [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
Median time for conversion of response from near complete remission (nCR) to complete remission (CR) as measured by the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria. Near complete remission is defined as negative serum and urine electrophoresis, < 5% plasma cells in the bone marrow, and positive serum and/or urine immunofixation. Complete response is defined as negative serum and urine immunofixation and a bone marrow aspirate with < 5% plasma cells.
as measured by immunofixation converting from positive to negative.
- Effect on Clonogenic Myeloma Precursors [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 3 Day 14, Cycle 6 Day 14, and 1 year ]Measures of stem cell population and plasma cell population.
- Grade 3-4 Toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Number of participants who experienced grade 3-4 toxicity as per CTCAE 4.0.
- Tumor-specific Immunity as Assessed by Percentage of CD3+/CSFSE-low/IFN-gamma+ Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 3 Day 14, end of study (up to 1 year) ]Immunity is measured by the percentage of CD3+/CSFSE-low/IFN-gamma+ cells. A positive result for a given participant is defined as greater than two standard deviations above that participant's baseline. The data are presented as three groups because the responses were analyzed separately, but all participants were part of the single study arm as represented by the remainder of the record. GVAX-specific immune response and Prevnar-specific immune response was assessed in the same patient by using GVAX and Prevnar-specific co-markers.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
Myeloma eligibility criteria are the following:
- sustained near complete remission (nCR) for 4 months defined as no measurable M-spike and a positive immunofixation
- early biochemical relapse as manifest by going from a true CR (immunofixation negative) to a nCR (immunofixation positive) at any time
- conversion from a nCR to the appearance of a monoclonal spike in the serum not greater than 0.3mg/dL
- age 18 years and older
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance scores 0-2
- History of measurable serum or urine M protein or free light chains
- Life expectancy greater than 12 months
- Corrected serum calcium < 11 mg/dL, and no evidence of symptomatic hypercalcemia
- Serum creatinine< 2
- Absolute Neutrophil Count >1000
- Platelet >100,000
- Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x Upper limit of normal
- Aspartate aminotransferase and Alanine transaminase less than or equal to 3 x Upper limit of normal
- Negative pregnancy test if applicable
- Ability to comprehend and have signed the informed consent.
- Disease free of prior malignancies for < 5 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast.
- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. See Appendix: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods.
- Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin).
- Disease progression after stopping corticosteroids as defined as the appearance of an M-spike >0.5g/dL
- Patients with a known diagnosis of POEMS syndrome, plasma cell leukemia, non-secretory myeloma and amyloidosis.
- HIV disease, active infection requiring treatment with antibiotics, anti-fungal or anti-viral agents within 2 weeks of enrollment would be excluded from the study.
- Patients who have participated in any clinical trial, within four weeks prior to registration on this trial, which involved an investigational drug.
- History of an active malignancy other than myeloma
- Autoimmune disease requiring active treatment.
- Known contra-indication to any component of Prevnar 13 including the diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccine.
- History of latex allergy
- History of an autologous stem cell transplant within the past 12 months or less
- History of an allogeneic transplant
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01349569
|United States, Maryland|
|Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231|
|Principal Investigator:||Ivan Borrello, M.D.||Johns Hopkins University|
|Responsible Party:||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NA_00044463 ( Other Identifier: JHMIRB )
|First Posted:||May 6, 2011 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||January 15, 2019|
|Last Update Posted:||January 15, 2019|
|Last Verified:||January 2019|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Blood Protein Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents