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Pazopanib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Advanced or Progressive Malignant Pheochromocytoma or Paraganglioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01340794
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow Accrual)
First Posted : April 25, 2011
Results First Posted : July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well pazopanib hydrochloride works in treating patients with advanced or progressive malignant pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma. Pazopanib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Extra-Adrenal Paraganglioma Metastatic Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma Paraganglioma Recurrent Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Pazopanib Hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To assess the anti-tumor activity (in terms of the tumor response rate using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria) of pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride) (GW786034) in patients with advanced malignant pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas.


I. To assess safety profile of pazopanib. II. To assess duration of tumor response. III. To assess time to treatment failure. IV. To assess progression-free survival time. V. To assess overall survival time.


I. For patients with secretory tumors, to examine changes in urinary catecholamine and/or metanephrine levels.

II. For patients with secretory tumors, to examine whether pazopanib-induced changes in urinary catecholamine and/or metanephrine levels during the first cycle of treatment may be associated with objective tumor response.

III. To examine associations between tumor response and somatic mutational status in archived tumors, or germline mutational status in patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells, (presence of succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D [SDHD], succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit B [SDHB], ret proto-oncogene [RET], von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor [VHL], neurofibromatosis type-1).

IV. To examine associations between tumor response and tumor expression levels of angiogenic and vascular markers including hypoxia inducible factor 1, alpha (HIF-1a), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF-R) (total and phospho-) and microvessel density in archival tumor tissue.

IV. To examine whether the extent of tumor response/regression may be correlated with plasma pazopanib (GW786034) concentration achieved after the third cycle (first cycle after run-in cycles) of pazopanib (GW786034) therapy.


Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 (days 1-14 of courses 1 and 2). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo urine and blood sample collection at baseline and periodically during study for correlative studies.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3-6 months for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Pazopanib (GW786034) in Patients With Advanced and Progressive Malignant Pheochromocytoma or Paraganglioma
Study Start Date : May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (pazopanib hydrochloride)
Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28 (days 1-14 of courses 1 and 2). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Pazopanib Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GW786034B
  • Votrient

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate (RR) (Complete Response [CR] or Partial Response [PR]) Using RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    Response and progression are evaluated in this study using the international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines (version 1.1) Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the true response proportion was calculated using the exact binomial test.

    Complete Response (CR): All of the following must be true:

    1. Disappearance of all target and non-target lesions.
    2. Each lymph node must have reduction in short axis to <1.0 cm.

    Partial Response (PR):

    At least a 30% decrease in PBSD (sum of the longest diameter for all target lesions plus the sum of the short axis of all the target lymph nodes at current evaluation) taking baseline measures as reference.

    Overall Response (OR) was calculated by summing the number of patients with a CR or PR.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of Tumor Response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined for all patients whose tumor met the criteria of CR or PR (using the RECIST criteria) as the date at which the patient's objective status is first noted to be either a CR or PR to the date progression is documented.

  2. Overall Survival Time [ Time Frame: The time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Overall survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause and will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Progression-free Survival Time [ Time Frame: The time from registration to documentation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from registration to documentation of disease progression. If a patient dies without a documentation of disease progression, the patient will be considered to have had tumor progression at the time of their death unless there is sufficient documented evidence to conclude no progression occurred prior to death. Progression-free survival time will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  4. Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years from registration ]
    The time from the date of registration to the date at which the patient is removed from treatment due to progression, toxicity, or refusal, assessed up to 5 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant secretory or non-secretory pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma that is unresectable and deemed inappropriate for alternative local regional therapeutic approaches
  • Objective evidence of tumor progression =< 185 days prior to registration as assessed by:

    • Unequivocal progression of objectively measured disease on successive appropriate imaging (e.g. computed tomography [CT] scan); in cases of uncertainty of tumor progression, the principal investigator of the study will be available to assist in decisions
  • Measurable disease defined as:

    • At least one non-nodal lesion whose longest diameter can be accurately measured as >= 2.0 cm with chest x-ray, or as >= 1.0 cm with CT scan, CT component of a positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); and/or
    • A lymph node whose short axis must be > 1.5 cm when assessed by CT scan (CT scan slice thickness recommended to be no greater than 5 mm)
    • Note: Tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable disease
  • Life expectancy > 24 weeks
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L); transfusions not permitted =< 7 days of registration
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except in cases of Gilbert's syndrome, where indirect bilirubin may be elevated, but the direct bilirubin remains within 1.5 x ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
  • NOTE: Subjects who have both bilirubin > ULN and AST/ALT > ULN are not eligible
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL (133 umol/L) or within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73m^2 for subjects with creatinine levels about institutional normal
  • Urine protein/creatinine ratio =< 1 OR 24-hour urine < 1 gram
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR)/partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.2 x ULN unless a subject is receiving Coumadin and has stable INR which is in range for the desired level of anticoagulation
  • Blood pressure (BP) < 140 mmHg (systolic) and < 90 mmHg (diastolic); initiation or adjustment of BP medication is permitted prior to registration provided that the average of three BP readings at a visit prior to registration is < 140/90 mmHg

    • NOTE: All patients with secretory pheochromocytomas or paragangliomas are required to: 1) be evaluated in consultation by a hypertension specialist (at the registering institution) with experience in the management of hypertension in the setting of catecholamine-secreting tumors (usually an endocrinologist, nephrologist, or a cardiologist), and in the setting of hormone-associated hypertension 2) receive alpha- and beta-adrenergic blockade for at least 7 days prior to initiation of pazopanib (GW786034); the hypertension specialist of record for each patient should be committed to following the patient during the clinical study with evaluation by said specialist required at all run-in cycle evaluations (cycles 1 and 2) and also after the first continuous dosing cycle (cycle 3) and thereafter on an as needed basis
  • Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Willingness to donate blood and tissue for correlative marker studies

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception NOTE: breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with pazopanib (GW786034)
  • Any of the following:

    • Chemotherapy/systemic therapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Radiotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Nitrosoureas or mitomycin C =< 6 weeks prior to registration
    • Those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier NOTE: Concurrent therapy with octreotide is allowed providing that tumor progression on this therapy has been demonstrated; concurrent therapy with bisphosphonates (e.g. zoledronic acid) or denosumab is also allowed.

NOTE: An unlimited number of prior chemotherapeutic or biologic therapies for malignant pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma is permitted; this includes prior anti-angiogenesis therapies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors

  • Any other ongoing investigational agents
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to pazopanib (GW786034) or other agents used in the study
  • Any of the following:

    • Corrected QT (QTc) prolongation (defined as a QTc interval >= 500 msecs)
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < institutional lower limit of normal (LLN)
    • Frequent ventricular ectopy
    • Evidence of ongoing myocardial ischemia
  • Receiving prohibited cytochrome P450 (CYP) interactive concomitant medications within 7 days prior to registration
  • Any condition (e.g., gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease) that impairs their ability to swallow and retain pazopanib (GW786034)
  • Receiving any medications or substances with risk of torsades de pointes; note: medications or substances with risk of torsades de pointes are prohibited; medications or substances with possible or conditional risk of torsades de pointes may be used while on study with extreme caution and careful monitoring; patients receiving these later cautionary agents must be monitored serially with electrocardiogram (ECG) weekly during the run-in and first cycle of therapy and at each evaluation thereafter NOTE: These medications should be discontinued or replaced with drugs that do not carry these risks, if possible
  • Any of the following conditions:

    • Active peptic ulcer disease
    • Known intraluminal bowel metastatic lesions
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease) or other gastrointestinal conditions which increase the risk of perforation
    • History of new abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess =< 84 days prior to registration; enrollment of patients with chronic/canalized fistulous tracts (present for > 84 days) is allowed
    • Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
    • History of familial QTc prolongation syndrome
  • Any of the following conditions =< 185 days prior to registration:

    • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Admission for unstable angina
    • Cardiac angioplasty or stenting
    • Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    • Pulmonary embolism, untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or DVT which has been treated with therapeutic anticoagulation < 42 days
    • Arterial thrombosis
    • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
    • Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
  • Hemoptysis in excess of 2.5 mL (1/2 teaspoon) =< 60 days prior to registration
  • Any of the following:

    • Known active and/or untreated brain metastases
    • Brain metastases requiring ongoing therapy (e.g. corticosteroids)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy
  • Require heparin other than low-molecular weight heparin
  • Prior use of pazopanib (GW786034)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01340794

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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224-9980
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Metro-Minnesota NCI Community Oncology Research Program
Saint Louis Park, Minnesota, United States, 55416
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong-Prince of Wales Hospital
Sha Tin, Hong Kong, OX1 3UJ
National University Hospital Singapore
Singapore, Singapore, 119074
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Keith Bible Mayo Clinic Cancer Center P2C
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01340794    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02588
NCI-2011-02588 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC107B ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic Cancer Center P2C )
8783 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00039 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM00099 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62205 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 25, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 21, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carotid Body Tumor
Paraganglioma, Extra-Adrenal
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue